AUSIGEN - Family History


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MONDAY, November 7.

BEFORE Mr. F. Hume junr.

Peter Anderson was charged with maliciously wounding a horse the property of Joseph Bean of the Frankfield Inn.

Constable Mara deposed to having arrested defend- ant on the above charge ; defendant admitted that he had shot the horse but without intending to kill him; saw blood on the fence of defendant's paddock; defendant said that it was the blood of an opossum ; witness produced defendant's gun which appeared to have been recently discharged.

Joseph Bean deposed that he was in his paddock between nine and ten o'clock on the morning of the 5th, when his nephew brought in the horse wounded with shot in the chest and nose ; witness subsequently went to prisoner with the police; accused him of wounding the horse, which he denied ; the police went to the slip-rails and while they were absent prisoner acknowledged that he had shot the horse and hoped witness would forgive him; the gun produced witness knew to be prisoner's.

Constable Parker deposed that he accompanied Mr. Dean to prisoner's, when Bean asked him why he did not impound the horse instead of shooting him ; he was told to bring out his gun; it appeared to have been recently discharged ; witness then went to the slip-panel of prisoner's wheat-paddock, about fifty yards from his house ; found marks of blood there ; called prisoner down ; at first he said that the blood was that of an opossum; prisoner went a little way off and called Bean, and on their return Bean said in prisoner's presence that prisoner admitted shooting the horse.

James Collins deposed that he found the horse wounded as deacribed ; he had blood on his chest and fore legs; there was nothing wrong with him the previous evening.

Prisoner was committed for trial at the next Yass quarter-sessions. Bail allowed - prisoner in ?80 and two sureties in ?40 each.
Bean, Joseph (I833)

GUNNING, Friday.

AT the sale of town allotments to-day the principal blocks near the railway-station were purchased by Mr. Joseph Bean who bought one allotment near railway-gate for eighty-six pounds. A hotel will be commenced there by him almost immediately.
Bean, Joseph (I833)



Friday, 4 p.m.

At tbe sale of town allotments, to-day, the principal blocks near the railway station were purchased by Mr. Joseph Bean, who gave ?86 for one near the railway gates, on which he intends to build an hotel. The prices realised were fair.
Bean, Joseph (I833)

(From Our Correspondent.)
It is with feelings of regret that I record the death of Mr. Joseph Bean, for some years past a resident of this town and district. He had been in very indifferent health for years. Latterly becoming much worse he removed to Sydney for further medical attention, and there he died, at the residence of his sister, Mrs. Bishop, of Eveleigh, at the age of 59 years. For many years his father kept the Frankfield Hotel, which was well known, as a stopping place on the road to Goulburn, about four miles distant from here. After that an hotel, which was burnt down, was erected on the site, of the present Frankfield Hotel, now occupied by Mrs. McCabe. The subject of this notice was engaged in the cor dial manufacturing for some time in the old premises, but his failing health, compelled him to seek rest, and he came to reside in Gunning until a few weeks ago. Deceased was buried in Sydney.
Bean, Joseph (I2443)



At a sale of town allotments to-day, the principal blocks, near railway station, were purchased by Mr. Joseph Bean, who bought one allot- ment near railway gates for ?86.
Bean, Joseph (I833)

GUNNING. (From our Correspondent.) THE remains of the late Mr. Joseph Bean, of Frankfield, were interred in the Gunning cemetery on Tuesday afternoon, at 4 o'clock. The deceased gentleman has been a great sufferer for nearly four years; nearly all the medical men in the district and several of the profession in Sydney were consulted in the case. Deceased was an old resident in the district, and highly respected by all classes of the community. Throughout his long and painful illness he was regularly attended by the Rev. G. Kingsmill, incumbent of St. Edmund's, Gunning; and the number that attended the funeral was a convincing proof of the high estimation in which he was held by all who knew him. Deceased was in his sixty first year. Jan. 12th, 1884.
Bean, Joseph (I833)

GUNNING. On Tuesday evening last, at the mutual improve ment class, the debate on the Abolition of Capital Punishment was postponed for a month on account of the paucity of members present.

Serious Accident.-On Monday last Mrs. Bean of the Frankfileld Hotel, Gunning, met with a very nasty accident, which might have proved fatal. It appears that her nephew was in the bar serving customers, and having occasion to go down the cellar, which is about ten feet deep, he locked the door between the back parlour and the bar, which is a usual thing to do in case of anyone coming into the bar while the cellar was open and falling into it; but being busy serving, and Mrs. Bean having oc- casion to go into the bar and finding the door locked, she called hes nephew, who forgetting the cellar was open, opened the door and Mrs. Bean walking in and going in the direction of the cellar accidently fell into it, receiving a most dreadful shaking and some nasty bruises. Considering that Mrs. Bean is an elderly lady, it is a marvellous thing that such a fall did not end in the loss of her life. In falling she came in contact with a large cask, which must have broken her fall in some degree. Dr. Hunter was immediately called in, who attended the sufferer, and we are glad to state that she is now as well as can be expected.
McConville, Sarah (I888)

Hilly, as her mother and father called her, was not interested in horses like her sister Mabel, she spent her time cooking and piano playing. The Methodist Church was her interest, she sang in the church choir and taught in the Sunday School. Her ambition was to become a Methodist Missionary, but that never eventuated.

One of Hilda's special friends was Perlie Wales (her cousin) who married Carl Starr and many a good time they had together. When it was time for Hilda to take a work position she did so with Stumpf and Graham as bookkeeper and cashier in their grocery store in Burrowa Street, Young.

In the early 1920s, before Hilda married, she decided to go to see her sister (Mabel), so she came with her cousin Claude Wales on the train to Yass to spend a few days. She was very fond of her nephew Gordon (all through her life she kept in touch with him) and was hoping that he would become a Methodist Minister, but it was not to be.

Hilda met Alfred I'Anson through the Methodist Church. He rode a motor bike on Sunday evenings from Iandra to Young to take Hilda to church (not on the bike). When her nephew and niece Gordon (Bob) and Joyce Mote were on holidays at Young, they were sent out side of number 13 Murringo Street, Hilda's home, to wait for Alfred. There were not many motor bikes about in those days and one could hear them a long way off. When Gordon and Joyce saw him coming up the road (at a fast rate of 15 miles an hour) they would run inside the house to tell Hilda her boy friend was coming. She would get very excited and she would make sure that her hair was tidy, it was so long it hung down her back and she could sit on the end of it, she would plait it and it looked great.

In 1923 Hilda and Alfred decided to get married, the date was set as the 26th September1923 and great excitement was on. Hilda left Stumpf and Grahams and prepared for the wedding. The Motes from Yass arrived and Gordon & Joyce had to stay outside the house while dresses were made and tried on. Gordon can remember the wedding breakfast at the Methodist Church Hall. There was an aisle down the centre of the hall and long tables down each side. He can also remember sitting in the back row near the front door on the left side, and on the table in front of his place, a bottle of lemonade, a plate of ham sandwiches and a plate of cakes to his delight.

Iandra was to be the first home for Hilda and Alfred, and when her son Keith was to be born she went to Young and stayed with her mother. Mabel, her sister, came to Young at the same time (Gordon came too). When the day came for the baby to be born, Hilda was to be taken to the hospital. Her father harnessed the horse into the sulky and some of the family went with her (Gordon sat on the floor of the sulky). The baby Keith Leonard was born on Saturday the 9th May 1925 and after about ten days she arrived back to her mother's home to stay until she was sure she could look after Keith.

Most of Hilda and Alfred's holidays were spent at Yass with Mabel and Albert Mote and their favourite spots to visit were the Murrumbidgee River and Canberra. It was usually Christmas time when they came to Yass. At first Alfred had an Overland car that he drove down. Later he went to Sydney to buy a new car and Hilda and Keith stayed with her mother at Young. Alfred phoned Hilda and told her he would be home the next day and that he had bought a new Austin 7. It was a couple of days before the Young show, and the Motes were at Young on holidays, and Gordon and Joyce sat out in front of the house to wait for Alfred to arrive with the new Austin. He arrived late in the afternoon but not with an Austin, but with a big Packard, and was Hilda excited. She had been wondering how a family would fit into a small Austin.

Hilda and Alfred decided to move from Iandra to "Uppingham", a nice farming property between Koorawatha and Grenfell, so the big move was on. The furniture was loaded onto wagons and taken across country to the new home. There was a lot of cleaning up to be done and Gordon, her nephew, came and helped with the moving and cleaning up; everyone was happy while doing this.

The Methodist Church at Greenethorpe was a place where Hilda spent much of her time; cooking for fetes and special occasions, singing in the choir and teaching Sunday School, also arranging plays and concerts .

At Uppingham there was a tennis court that was well maintained and friends from around the district would come and have a day playing tennis.

Keith, Hilda's son, went to school at Grenfell and had to catch the train every day; this he did until he went to Newington College in 1942.

Most of Hilda's shopping was done at Young and this in the early part of the marriage gave Hilda a chance to see her father and mother, also her cousin Glad Begg of whom she was very fond. Then 1942 became a big year for Hilda, the second world war was on and things started to happen, petrol rationing, clothing coupons, food coupons and travelling restrictions on trains. Keith was away at Newington College, the furniture shop of Gordon, Mote & Co that was being run for Alfred was taken over by the Government for an ammunition factory, also Alfred's mother died on Thursday 9th April 1942 and was buried at Iandra. Gordon went into the army in November 1942 and his wife and child went to Yass to live with Gordon's parents for the duration of the war. Hilda had an accident with the horse and sulky, she was thrown out and suffered injuries and was unconscious for some time, but survived the ordeal. Also her father passed away on 3rd June 1942. Also Audrey, (Gordon's wife) gave birth to a son, Robert, on the 16th February 1942.

On 31-1-1948 Keith married Marie Bennett and went and lived and managed a property called Maryvale that Alfred had bought at Tygong. Keith and Marie had four children so Hilda became a grandmother.

Alfred and Hilda went to South Australia for a holiday to see where Alfred's family lived before his father came to Iandra in a big wagon where he was to make his home.

Alfred and Hilda lived happily at Uppingham until the 23-8-1973 when Alfred passed away and was buried at Iandra. Hilda stayed on at Uppingham and Keith managed the place until Hilda died on 10th August 1976.
Wales, Hilda Ruth (I200)

HMS Buffalo
In May 1798 the ships Buffalo and Porpoise were fitting out in England as replacements for the Supply and Reliance for the service of the colony of New South Wales. Although called the Buffalo, the ship's figurehead was the carved figure of a kangaroo. Towards the end of 1798 HMS Buffalo, with William Raven commanding, set sail for New South Wales via the Cape of Good Hope where it took on board sixty six head of cattle for the new colony. On 3rd May 1799 the Buffalo arrived in Port Jackson where the cattle were landed in good condition, considering the length of the voyage. Other supplies included tools, and articles of hardware. However there were no supplies of bedding or clothing which were badly needed.

The Commander, Lieutenant William Kent, and crew of the condemned HMS Supply were transferred to the Buffalo on its arrival, Governor Hunter having been directed to furnish Mr Raven with a return passage to England.

On the morning of 15th September 1799 HMS Buffalo sailed for the Cape of Good Hope to collect a further cargo of cattle for the Colony. The ship also carried despatches to be onforwarded to England and among these was a requisition for items necessary for the manufacture of Woollens and linens, including a large quantity of seeds. On the evening of 16th April 1800 the Buffalo arrived back in Port Jackson with 18 cows and 20 breeding mares.

The convict ship Speedy, Master - George Quested, had arrived in Port Jackson from London the day before the Buffalo and carried a letter from the Secretary of State to Governor Hunter which led him to issue directions on 29th June to prepare the Buffalo for sea as he intended returning to England. On 21st October 1800 the Buffalo sailed for England via Norfolk Island where some Irish prisoners who had been suspected of planning an insurrection in Sydney were landed. The Governor made a personal inspection of the state of the settlement which was most unpromising in appearance as the buildings were in a state of rapid decay.

The Buffalo arrived at Spithead with a convoy which she had brought from St. Helena on 24th May 1801, having made the passage from New South Wales by Cape Horn in seven months. The Buffalo was also carrying two black swans and three emus.

Other voyages of the Buffalo under Captain William Kent were:
?Arrived back in Port Jackson from England on 16th October 1802 with stores and then left for Moluccas and Calcutta.
?On 12th June 1804 arrived from Bengal with 77 horned cattle, 2 Persian horses and 4 mares.
?On 14th October 1804 left for Port Dalrymple with stores.
?On 13th December 1804 arrived from Port Dalrymple, returning to Port Dalrymple on 24/25th March 1805.

The Buffalo arrived from Port Dalrymple under Lieutenant Houston on 6th May 1805 and left again for Norfolk Island then to Port Dalrymple on 22nd August 1805. With Lieutenant Houston as acting Captain the Buffalo sailed from Port Jackson on 27th November 1805 for Port Dalrymple, then Hobart Town, then Norfolk Island and finally to England with Governor King and family on board
Buffalo, HMS (I21217)

Patrick Nash v. Rosanna Wales, for having, on the 14th instant, illegally detained an iron-gray mare, branded M near shoulder, the property of plaintiff's wife.
.....For the defense, Mr. Iceton called Rosanna Wales who deposed; I was living for a number of years with the late Mr. Dunlop; he made me a present of the iron-gray mare, branded M near shoulder and DP, about six or seven years ago; he had it a short time before he gave it to me; I think Mrs. Nash (Dunlop) was present at this time......."

By the way....Rosanna won this case...the horse had been given to her adopted father, Ebenezer Dunlop, by Rosanna's father. 
Wales, Rosa Ann (I6929)

In 1823 William sent a Memorial to Governor Brisbane as follows:
"The respectful Memorial of William Fishburn, Landholder of Castle Hill, most humbly showeth
That Your Excellency's Memorialist is a native of this colony, that about 8 years ago he married a woman that came free to this Colony by whom he had a family of four children.
That Your Excellency's Memorialist received a grant of sixty acres of land, from the late Governor upon which memorialist now resides.
That Your Excellency's Memorialist has got a few head of cattle which his present grantof land is insufficient to graze.
Memorialist therefore respectfully addresses your Excellency praying an additional grant.
For which act of generosity Memorialist will ever Pray.
Wm. Fishburn. Parramatta 11 October 1823".

Despite a notation from I. Harris, JP that "I know the above Petitioner and think him a very deserving character" the request was not granted 
Fishburn, William Henry (I10263)

In 1887 Edward Sheather Snr wrote an application requesting a school be built at Native Dog Creek. He applied himself to this task and the school was finally built by October 1888. Many of his grandchildren (I'm told there were 50) attended the school, and other pupils later married into this family (Metcalf, Elphick, Makeham, Williams, Fields, Worldon and Bell).

The school children in this remote country area of Nangus had many challenges. The boys were needed to help on the land and, owing to the rough terrain and flooding of local creeks, it was impossible for the children to attend school on a regular basis.

On 4th November 1887, Edward Sheather, owner of the Nangus Hotel, sent an application to the Under Secretary, Department of Public Instruction, Sydney. He requested that a school be built at Native Dog Creek. He wrote the letter on behalf of the residents at Native Dog Creek, Nangus near Gundagai.

The annex to the application lists Edward Shether Jnr and his wife Jane and children William Henry and George Alfred (twins) 14, Edward John 12, Clara Ann 10, Amy May 6, Albert Ernest 4. They lived two miles from the proposed school whereas the closest school was 6 miles away, quite a distance for the children to travel in those days. A site was to be obtained on Government Road on the Kimo side of Native Dog Creek.

George & Ann Sheather, children Minnie Jane 12, Amelia Mary 10, Eliza Ellen 8, Edith May 6, and Amy Isabel 4, were also listed on the annex to the application form.

George Lyell, teacher of the Public School at Nangus, details his objections to the new school and his concern that his own school would be closed for lack of students. His report gives us insights into Edward and Jane's family life. Their twin sons William and Henry attended school on an average of one week per quarter over a period of two years, he writes, "..the parents consider the boys work on the farm of far more importance than their education.." which was not unusual for those times when the family made their living from the land. Edward, Clara, Amy, and Eliza Sheather were permanent residents and likely to be pupils. "..If a school were established at the proposed locality, Nangus Public School must collapse. As for the dangerous creeks that prevent children from attending the existing school, there is one water channel or gully which is a torrent in heavy rains never continuing to flow for more than an hour or so after the rain ceases. Parents in the country districts rarely send their children to school on a wet day. I cannot see the wisdom of establishing the proposed school at Native Dog Creek. I therefore recommend that the inhabitants be refused their request..".

In February 1888, Edward wrote mentioning his annoyance at the delay by the Department in making a decision.

"Your communication of the 17/11/87 was duly received stating the establishment of a provisional school at Native Dog Creek Nangus was under consideration.

"We have heard nothing further in the matter and feel considerably annoyed at such delay.

"Our children are growing wild untutored and ignorant simply for the want of a school where they can receive that training they are duly entitled to.

"The old saying 'while the grass is growing the steed is starving' is applicable in our case.

Will you have the goodness at once attend to this matter as it is quite time our ..... application for a school was attended to.

"I have the honour to be your obedient servant

"Edward Sheather Snr."

The inspector was swayed by the teacher's report and without visiting the location, agreed with George Lyell that there was no case for establishing a school. He requested the application be denied. A reply to this letter pointed out to the inspector that he had disregarded paragraph 6 on the form he submitted. So the case couldn't be settled in the way he recommended. The inspector had to be "on the spot to make a decision". This meant that he had to go to the area and check out the terrain himself which he did, and on the 7th May 1888 he wrote "..on personal examination of the country I find that it is nearly impossible for the children residing at Native Dog Creek to attend Nangus School. The late teacher misled me somewhat...".

What a victory for the local people when the next day they received word that the application had been successful, and the Committee members would be Edward Sheather, J Hudson and George Fuller. The Chief Inspector recommended ?45 be granted for the erection and furnishing of a school house.

A request for a local resident to point out the exact site for the school to the surveyor was made. He received a reply ".. Mr Sheather will be glad to point out the site to the Surveyor, he will also point out the exact spot on the reserve wich is required fo rthe School. I am unable to give a sketch, I submit that it is not required...".

Five months later, Edward informed the authority that the School building at Kimo was completed. The building was weatherboard, floored, and roofed with iron, it had a brick chimney, light and ventilation. The prescribed amount of furniture had been supplied. There were two good W.C.s and the residents had given the building two coats of paint.

Mrs E Sheather Jnr applied for exemption from payment for school fees of 2/3. Her reason being that they could not afford to pay because everything they had had been destroyed by fire. What hardship the family must have suffered at this time. The request was approved. (It is interesting to note that fees were payable at public schools back then.)

Researched 1991 by Elizabeth Johnson, granddaughter of Clara Ann Sheather. All information available from the NSW Archives Office. Contact 35 Asquith Avenue, Rosebery, 2018 Phone 02 9313 7746.
Sheather, Edward (I2409)

In 1898, seven year old Steve was a pupil at the West Jindalee School. His sisters Eliza and Emma and brothers Syd and Jim were also attending the same school. At this stage Steve's father had a 150 acre property located one and a half miles from the school. This was somewhere in the West Jindalee area.

The family later moved to "Forest Home" about three miles from Wallendbeen on the Old Gundagai Road. It is thought that Steve also attended the school at Jindalee indicating that the family had moved away from the West Jindalee area at this time. Perhaps this is when they moved to "Forest Home". The two youngest children, Ivy and Will were attending the Jindalee School in 1920. Steve and his brothers Don and Jim were known to wag school quite often, preferring to spend their time on the reserve rather that in the classroom. There was one story that Steve used to relate to the family regularly and he would end up in fits of laughter while telling it. On one occasion, on their way home from school, Steve and Jim decided to indulge in a little target practice by hurling pads of cow manure at a passing train at Jindalee. They were caught at it and ended up in trouble as a result. No doubt it wasn't the first time they had done this and it probably wasn't the last. Steve left school when he was about 12 years old to work on the farm.

Steve and his brother Jim later moved to Muttama to farm. They were wheat farmers, using horse drawn ploughs, on Armitage's property of "Sheep Station Creek" which was next to the Douglas property of "Hillside". The property was about 2 miles from Muttama. They were share farmers with the owner, and were not too popular with him when they ring barked two large gum trees to clear a paddock for ploughing.

It was obviously during his time working at Muttama that he met Mary. Mary's sister Ett remembered the day Steve arrived with his horse and sulky to take Mary to the Cootamundra Show. The pony was a little bit wild and used to rear up on its back legs when it was urged to move off. Eventually the horse managed to get things right and they disappeared in a cloud of dust down the road.

In March 1916 Steve and Jim sold by auction all of their horses and farm machinery as they intended enlisting for active service. In April of 1916 a farewell social function was held in Muttama to honour the local men who had volunteered for active service. Steve was one of those present, and farewelled at the banquet, but for some reason did not enlist. His brother Jim did enlist and go to the war but apparently was not at the farewell. No-one seems to know why Steve didn't end up in the army with his brother Jim.

Steve and Mary were married on 12 July of this same year. It is thought that they may have farmed with Steve's father Charles for a while after this but they farmed on the "Douglas Park" property at Jindalee until early in 1919. The fact that the notice refers to his farming plant as almost new is an indication that he had not perhaps been on this property for long. As indicated in the notice Steve was about to give up farming and try his hand at something else.

Steve and Mary together with their first child, Clinton who was not yet two years old, moved into Cootamundra during 1919 and were to live at 38 Sutton Street for the next forty five years. The other three children were born in Cootamundra. Steve conducted a hire car business in Cootamundra. A hire car was one of the few alternatives if you had to get to a town not linked to Cootamundra by rail. A great deal of the work involved taking people to the horse races and Steve used to drive bookies to such places as Tumut and Gundagai. The bookies often stayed overnight and Steve would bring them back the next day. He also conveyed commercial travellers and used to drive one of the local doctors about quite a bit. He often took a girl to Frampton to visit her boyfriend and had to wait in the car while "they made love half the night". On one occasion, as he was crossing the "top gates" his passenger opened the newspaper and realised that he had won the lottery. That was as far as that particular trip went as they returned to celebrate.

Early in his hire car days, Steve had an accident involving a collision with a horse. He was driving along Temora Road on the way to the races and had to cross Freer's Bridge over the Muttama Creek. It had been a wet year and people walking to the races had to walk up onto the roadway in order to get on the bridge and cross the creek. As a result there were a lot of people on the bridge at the one time. A jockey was riding a horse across the bridge and leading another. Something frightened the second horse and it pulled back and the jockey had to let it go. The horse collided with Steve' a car and was so badly injured that it had to be destroyed. Steve was successfully sued by the owner and had to pay up. This must have resulted in a considerable financial blow to the family. The judge claimed that the jockey had no control over the horse but that Steve had control over his car and was therefore liable.

The car he drove in his business was a Hudson Super Six and the fare was about sixpence per mile. The car was able to accommodate the driver and seven passengers. The front seat held two passengers, the rear seat three, and there were two fold down seats at the rear of the front seat. The car was large and heavy and had narrow solid rubber tyres. The hood was made of canvas and had celluloid side and rear windows. Steve conducted this business before the time of petrol bowsers and obtained his petrol supplies in 4 gallon tins. These came packed in wooden crates, each crate containing two cans. When empty the petrol cans were useful for all sorts of things. They made quite good buckets and could be cut and opened out to make a washing tub and drying rack for dishes. In January and February, 1920 the following advertisement appeared in the Cootamundra Herald:


MR.S. LOITERTON wishes to notify the public that he now has the 'phone on to private house, No 192. All Orders for Cars promptly attended to.

At one stage there was a dispute between the hire car owners and the local taxi drivers. There were no clearly defined guidelines as to where the hire cars could ply their trade as distinct from the taxis. On one occasion Mary's father organised Steve and another driver to take the Douglas family to Burrinjuck. This may have been around 1930 when electricity from Burrinjuck Dam was about to be supplied to the Cootamundra area. Quite a few of the locals made the trip to see the source of this new and convenient form of energy.

Conditions in the little house in Sutton Street were a little more primitive than we are used to today. Kerosene lamps were the main source of lighting up until the early 1930's. Electricity wasn't connected to the house until a couple of years after it was available in Cootamundra. A copper with a wood fire below it was used to heat water for baths. The hot water was then transferred by bucket into a large metal bath tub. Bathing was, as a result, generally a weekly event rather than a nightly one. When the copper was later replaced with a chip heater, life became considerably easier. A water safe was used to keep food cool and these were later replaced by ice boxes. More efficient kerosene or gas refrigerators were to in turn replace the ice box. Perhaps the one luxury that the family enjoyed was having a car. Apart from those owned by some farmers and local businessmen there were few cars about. Virtually no-one living and working in the town owned a car.

Steve conducted his hire car business for about ten years, but with the onset of the depression few people could afford to hire cars and he had to look for another way of earning a living. During the depression he worked on the water pipeline from Jugiong across the Cowangs. The job involved digging the trench for the pipeline. All the digging was of course done by hand and a specified length of trench had to be completed each day. This made life difficult if you happened to come across a rocky section of ground.

Later, Steve worked "lumping wheat" at Shepherd's Siding which is between Junee and Wagga. His son Clinton often helped him and occasionally was allowed to drive the ute back home. A six cylinder Buick that Steve had used for a time in the hire car business had been converted to a ute and used for carting wheat. It must have been very hard work for a small man. Clinton would move the bags of wheat to the side of the waggon and Steve would then carry them one at a time on his shoulder up the "steps" of bags and add them to the top of the stack. When the stack reached full height the base would be extended by one bag and the process continued. Later the wheat would be reloaded onto small trucks and horse drawn waggons for transport to the silo. The trucks were only small and carried about one ton which amounted to 25 bags of wheat.

During his life, Steve was a keen shooter. He owned his own shotgun at the age of thirteen and frequently spent time around the local dams and paddocks after ducks and rabbits. After the crops had been harvested there were always plenty of quail amongst the stubble. He also achieved considerable successes in competitions. He is known to have taken part in clay pigeon shooting competitions when in his early twenties and perhaps also before that. In July 1918 Steve was in a competition which carried ?50 total prize money. He and six others won ?5 each in the initial part of the competition and then had to shoot off for the remaining money. Steve received a special mention as "having shot extra well, grossing 34 birds out of 37 released to him on the first barrel". In November of that same year he took part in a shoot that consisted of a number of different types of competitions. He was equal first in the "5 Bird Starling Match", the "No. 1 Sweep" and the "?1 Pigeon Sweep". In the big event of the day, the "?50 Pigeon Match" he took out the major share of the prize money by winning ?15. Steve also won other prizes in shooting competitions including a number of sashes and a canteen of cutlery. He travelled to Melbourne in about 1952 or 1953 to compete. Apparently the other competitors were more than amazed at Steve fronting up to the competition with his old hammer action shotgun when they all had automatic or semi-automatic guns.

Steve loved the outdoors and his other favourite pastime was undoubtedly fishing. Fishing stories and stories of fishing trips were commonly related and fishing was certainly something that Steve knew much about and was also good at. One photo shows him in his early thirties in the back yard with his catch of Murray Cod. A friend and five year old son Dudley are also in the photo and they were displaying the result of their fishing trip. Dad remembers them building a boat before this trip. It was little more than a large box and the joints had been sealed with pitch. The fishing technique used was a simple one, and involved stringing a line between two trees in the river. Large hooks were suspended from this line and baited with birds and pieces of rabbit. The weights of the fish are written onto the surface of the photo, the smallest a mere thirty pounds, followed by a forty five pounder with the largest one weighing in at seventy two pounds. The biggest fish was somewhat larger than Dudley. One story that is remembered and told is that of the fire in the tent up at Burrinjuck. Clinton, Dudley and Steve were all off checking their set lines around the bank of the dam. They had pitched their tent in an open area and had a fire slowly burning away some distance from it. Somehow the fire managed to find its way from where it was, across in the direction of the tent, perhaps by igniting leaves or dry grass on the ground. By the time they discovered what had happened the tent was well alight. Their bedding was also affected and the blankets had holes burned in them. When they returned home Mary cut the good pieces out of the blankets and stitched them together and these were the only blankets that they were allowed to take fishing with them on future trips. The smell of burnt wool stayed with the blankets.

Steve finished his working life on the Shire Council. He mainly worked with the road crews and drove a large truck. He worked there until his retirement and he and Mary moved to live in Batehaven in 1965. Steve apparently wasn't too keen on the idea at first but was talked into it by other members of the family.

Living on the south coast, he was able to spend a considerable amount of his time indulging in one of his favourite pastimes, fishing. He remained a keen gardener and must have enjoyed the longer growing season. He had no trouble at all getting ripe tomatoes by Christmas and he was always keen to have a better garden than his brother Don who of course had moved to Batemans Bay some years before. Steve died following a heart attack on 2 January 1974.
Loiterton, Stephen (I1093)

In Florence Stacy's History [at p 0052] Flo writes "Returning to Tumut in 1914 we bought the old Tumut Plain's house from my uncle Rowland Mansfield Shelley, and he gave me three books of old colonial history. In each book some reference was made to members of the family and one was the Life of the Rev D J Draper who had married the missionary's daughter, Elizabeth Shelley. In 1866 Mr & Mrs Draper had gone to England to a Methodist Conference and the Rev J C Symons wrote their history after both had been drowned in the wreck of the London on the return journey. In a letter to Mr Symons, Elizabeth wrote that she had stayed with her cousin in Hanley, had visited the Potteries and had bought a dinner and tea service of Shelley China as a momento of their father's birth place. Her cousin took her to Leek, the nearest railway station alongside the Potteries to seek the missionary's name in the chapeland she saw his parents graves in Leek cemetry. There she met her aged aunt, sister of the missionary, aged 84. (no Christian names were mentioned] ......
Shelley, Elizabeth (I915)


LOITERTON-- In loving memory of my dear husband and our father, Charles Loiterton, who departed this life July 5, 1923.

Loving and kind in all his ways,
Upright and just to the end of his days;
Sincere and true in heart and mind,
A beautiful memory left behind.

Inserted by his loving wife and family.
Loiterton, Charles (I1010)

MARTIN - In hallowed memory of my beloved wife, Irene, and devoted mother of Erland and Farndale, who passed away at Yarrawonga on the 22nd November 1938 (Colac papers please copy )
Erlandson, Irene (I391)


ASPLAND.-- In loving memory of our dear mother and grandmother, who passed away, at Cobden June 25. 1946, dear mother of Ada (Mrs. Campbell), mother-in-law of Robert, loving grandma of Bill, Lindsay, Alfred, Reg, and Jean. "In silence we remember"
Martin, Elizabeth Clarissa Teresa (I73)


LOITERTON.- In loving memory of William Thomas Loiterton, who passed away on 8th June, 1938.

Always sadly missed.
-By his loving wife and family.
Loiterton, William Thomas (I1100)

In the Methodist Church, Young, Miss Audrey Mavis Aspland and Mr. Gordon Mote were married by the Rev. N. W. Lickiss. The bride is the
second daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Les Aspland, of Boorowa road, and the bridegroom, who resided in Boorowa street, the only son of Mr. and Mrs. Albert Mote, of Yass. Mrs. E. Brown, sister, acted as Matron of Honor. The service was choral, 'The Voice That Breathed O'er Eden' and 'O, Perfect Love!' being sung. Miss G. Tonkin presiding at the organ. The duties of best man were carried out by Mr. E. Brown, of 'Trafalgar,' Young.
Family F1

Tuesday, August 12
Before Mr A Money Fisher, District Commissioner
A special meeting was held in the insolvent estate of Henry Augustus James for the examination of witnesses.
Mr Harper (for Mr Wilkinson who was indisposed) appeared on behalf of the official assignee.
Mr Iceton watched the proceedings on behalf of the insolvent.
Selwyn Pembrooke deposed: I am the local agent of the official assignee in the insolvent estate of H A James; in compliance with instructions received from the official assignee, I proceeded to the insolvent's residence on the 5th August instant, for the purpose of attaching the assets in the insolvent's estate; I attached certain furniture and other things, a list of which I produce. (List attached and marked A.) The following conversation passed between insolvent and myself:- I saw a dray standing close to the house, and I asked him where the harness was; he replied, "The dray is not mine, nor is the harness, neither are the three horses, they all belong to a party named Michael Whalen;" Whalen was present at the time; the insolvent said that in June 1882, Whalen lent him ?30 to purchase the horses, dray and harness; the money was to have been paid at the end of six months; about January 1883, I could not pay the ?30 to Whalen, and I gave Whalen a receipt for the horses, dray and harness, in consideration of Whalen foregoing the payment of the ?30; I noticed that the name H A James, Hard's Flat, had been recently partially erased from the dray; the erasing of the name must have been recently done, as I noticed it was on the dray during the present year; I have seen the name on the dray within the last three months; the farm occupied by insolvent contains I believe about 75 acres; insolvent told me the farm was freehold; about 30 acres of the land are under crop; the crop is for hay; I asked insolvent if the crop was his; he said, "No, I did not intend to put in a crop this year and Whalen said he would put the land under crop;" I asked insolvent if Whalen was to give him any consideration for the use of the land; he (insolvent (replied "No"; insolvent is a married man, and has four or five children; I believe insolvent has no other means of supporting his family except by his farm; he also brought wood into Yass with his team; insolvent told me that the farm belonged to his wife by a deed of gift, and that he had no interest in the land; he also said that after his wife's death the land went to his daughter, and then to his son; he said the deed was in the possession of Mr Iceton, Solicitor, of Yass; after the attaching of the horses and dray, I received a protest from Whalen, who claimed them; (Letter attached and marked B); I have realised a portion of the assetsof the estate, amounting to ?7-13-0; the protest marked B is in my handwriting: I wrote it at the dictation of Whalen, and read it over to him, and he signed it.
Edward Arthur Iceton deposed: I am a solicitor, residing at Yass; I produce a deed, dated 25th January, 1876, made between Timothy Kileen, of the first part, Ann Kileen, of the second part, and Ellen James, wife of H A James, and daughter of Timothy Kileen, of the third part, and William James of the fourth part; it contains two parcels of land - one of 30 acres, and the other of 44? acres; the land is conveyed to Ann Kileen and Ellen James during the life of the said Ann Kileen, or during her widowhood, should she survive the said T Kileen, without impeachment or waste, and should she marry, it was to go to Ellen James without impeachment or waste, and on her decease, in case the said Ann Kileen should survive her to the use of the said Ann Kileen during her lifetime or widowhood without impeachment or waste, and on decease of both Ann Kileen and Ellen James, or the marriage of the said Ann Kileen, in case she should be the survivor of the two, to the use of the then eldest surviving child of the said Ellen James, and the said Henry Augustus James, his or her heirs or assigns for ever; in the event of there being no such child of the said Ellen and Henry A James then to the heirs of Timothy Kileen for ever; the date of the registration 28th February, 1876, No. 315, book 157; I do not know wheter there was any document amongst the papers signed by Timothy Kileen; my knowledge is confined to the contents of the deed; there may be such a document in my possession; I have not searched my papers for any other document.
Michael Coen deposed: I am a storekeeper, residing in Yass; I know the insolvent, Henry Augustus James; he was indebted to me in the sum of ?91-7-11 at the time of his insolvency; on 24th March last he owed me ?77-14-1; at that time I had a conversation with insolvent; I told him that his account was so high I must have some security or that I would stop his credit; he relied he had plenty of security, I need not be afraid, as my account was quite safe; he said he had 75 acres of land (freehold); he said he had a stack of hay worth between ?50 and ?60 unencumbered in any way; he said Crago has a lien on the hay, but there is a separate stack that will more than pay Crago's lien, and I will give you a lien on the stack of hay, which is worth between ?50 and ?60; he said there was between 12 and 15 tons of hay in the stack; he asked me not to bring the hay in at once, as he had just commenced to plough, and was going to put in the whole of his land, about 75 acres, under crop this year, and it would take him about four months to do it; he said he would deliver the hay in the latter end of July - that would be last month; he then asked me to let him have some more goods, and I said I would on the strength of what he had told me, but he must keep down the account, as it was very high; he gave me a lien of the stack of hay he spoke previously of; It was only on the representation that insolvent was putting all his land under crop that I advanced him any goods; the whole of this conversation took place in the presence of Mr J McEvoy, my clerk; insolvent endeavoured to obtain more goods on the 28th June last: I did not let him have them, in consequence of something I had heard; I have received from Crago ?6-8-3, the amount over and above his claim on the hay; I sold a gun to insolvent, valued at ?12-2-6; I did not press James to go into the Insolvent Court.
Michael Whalen deposed: I am a farmer; I reside at Hard's Flat, in the same house with insolvent; I am unmarried; I am in no way related to insolvent; I commenced farming at Hard's Flat this year; I have been living with James for five years; prior to commencing farming this year, I was sometimes working on the line and sometimes for other people; I sometimes got 15s. sometimes 20s., and sometimes 25s. per week with rations; this time last year I was working on the line; I went back to insolvent's place in the spring time of last year; I was living at James' in June 1882; I was working for him splitting billet wood; I received 2s. per ton, and split about three tons a day; James supplied me with rations; my team brought the wood into town; my team consists of three horses and a dray; I got the three horses and dray and harness from insolvent; in June 1882, I gave insolvent ?30 to buy his team; he gave me no receipt at that time for the thirty pounds; I gave him the money in notes - fives and ones; James bought one of the horses from Field's; in January, 1883, insolvent could not pay the money, and he gave me a receipt for the horses, dray and harness; I produce the receipt; insolvent wrote the receipt.
Witness objected to have his receipt attached to the proceedings, and a copy was attached.
Examination continued: I left the horses, dray, and harness in insolvent's possession; although I was the owner of them; in january last I was working at a threshing machine; at the time the receipt was given insolvent's name was on the dray; the name of insolvent appeared on the dray up to within a month ago; I took the name off the dray, I did not want another man's name on my dray; I swear I do not know anything about insolvent's position; he did not tell me he owed money to anybody in town; I knew Louise James, brother of insolvent; he is now deceased; J. H. P. Mallyon had an execution against Louis James; a horse and saddle were seized; I claimed the saddle, and rescued my own property; during the time I have lived with insolvent, I have not paid anything for my board; I am farming this year; I have about 30 acres under crop; the 30 acres are on insolvent's farm; I am cultivating it on the authority of insolvent's wife; I am not paying anything for the use of the land; insolvent is working on the farm, grubbing stumps out; the grubbing does not bring in any money; he is doing it for himself; the dray and horses are my own property; I am not protecting them from insolvent's creditors; I let insolvent have the use of the team, because I lived with him; I saw a breechloading gun at insolvent's place; I last saw it two or three months ago; I do not know where it has gone to; James told me he had sold the gun to his brother Louis James, since deceased; I do not know who took the gun away from insolvent's premises; I have now got the land under crop, and have the use of the dray and my board for nothing, all at the expense of the insolvent.
Thomas Besnard deposed: I was part manager of the butchering business of S L Besnard, of Yass; I know the insolvent; he was indebted to S L Besnard in the sum of ?20-1-6; in the month of June last I instructed Mr West, the bookkeeper, to collect the amount; I also tried to collect it myself; I had a conversation with insolvent; I went out to his residence, in company with Mr West, about the 20th June last; Michael Whelan was at insolvent's residence; I asked insolvent to give me the security he had spoken to West about; I asked him about the dray and horses he had offered to West as security; he said, "they are not mine;" I said, "why did you want to sell two of the horses to me the other day;" he said, "I could not sell them to you, as they were not mine now;" insolvent offered to sell me the horses about the middle of June; I wanted to purchase two draught horses, and seeing insolvent in the street with a dray and three horses I said, "do you want to sell either of the horses;" he said, "yes, you can have the horse in the shaft for ?15 and ?20 for the leading horse; I offered him ?15 for the leader; he said he would give me a trial if I would give him ?20 for the leader; when we had the conversation at insolvent's place, insolvent said, "I cannot let you have the horses now, as I gave a receipt for them to that young man, pointing to (Michael Whalen) about two months ago; he then told me he was insolvent, and I replied, "the receipt is no good"; I swear he said the receipt was given to Whalen two months ago;
To Mr Iceton: The conversation took place between the 20th June and 1st July; I did not know whether James was insolvent at the time; I did not know that he did not file his schedule until the 11th July.
Henry Augustus James deposed: I am the insolvent, in whose estate this meeting is being held; I have a wife and five children; the eldest is 9 years of age; since 1882 I have been farming and drawing wood into Yass; last season I had about 30 acres under crop; I put it in myself; I had 16 or 17 acres under hay; I made two stacks of the hay - eight tons in one stack, and fifteen in the other; I gave P. T. Crago a lien on the growing crop for ?40; I owed Crago about ?20 at the time I gave Crago the lien; the debt to Crago was increased to ?40 ; I owed Crago ?20 when I signed the lien; Crago afterwards gave another man ?20 on my account; It was agreed when I signed the Lien that Crago was to give J. H. P. Mallyon ?20 on my account; I sold Peter Johnston, of Yass, about two tons of the hay at ?4 per ton; I got permission from Crago to sell Johnston the first load of hay, but not the second; I sold Johnston the second load about a fortnight before my insolvency; I did not deliver the remainder of the hay; Crago took it away; I have had transactions with Mr Coen; I owed him about ?77 last March; I recollect Cohen asking me to pay my account; I told him I could not pay any money until I sold the hay; I told Coen I believed the hay would bring enough money to pay my way; I did not tell Coen in March last that I had a stack of hay that was not encumbered; I think Mr McEvoy was present; although Crago had a lien I gave Coen a lien over one of the stacks; the lien was not read over to me before I signed it; I never said to Coen that there was one stack more than would pay Crago, and he could have a lien over it; I swear there was nothing sold by me about putting in a crop this year; I did ask Coen not to press me for payment until July; my reason, as stated to Coen at the time, was that I thought my hay would bring a greater price; I told Coen I could not bring in the hay until the ploughing was over; I did not lead Mr Coen to believe it was Whalen's ploughing I meant; I swear Coen never attempted to stop my credit; I got goods from Coen after this conversation; my credit was never stopped; I did not authorise my wife to get anything from Coen; my wife was refused some goods by Mr Coen; there are a dray horses, and harness at my place; they never belonged to me; I first had them in my possession during the year 1882; I bought the horses; I got the receipt for the black horse; I bought a bay mare from Fields, but got no receipt; I got a brown horse from George Whalenin a swop; I got no receipt from either Fields or Whalen; I paid ?8-15-0 for one horse, ?12 for the second, and the third one is worth ?4 or ?5; the dray cost ?17; the harness cost about ?6; before I commenced to buy the horses I had about ?12 or ?13; I got a loan of ?13 from Whalen; no one but Whalen and myself were present when I asked him for the loan; Whalen was working on the line at the time; the money was all in notes; Whalen took it out of his pocket to give it to me; my name was put on the dray when it was made; I told the man to make a dray for me; I gave Whalen no receipt for the money when he gave it to me; the ?30 was to be paid back to Whalen in about six or seven monthsfrom the time the loan was made; I gave Whalen a receipt for the horses, dray, and harness, which cost me ?46, for his claim of ?30; when Whalen asked me to pay him the ?30 back, I told him I could not repay him, and then gave him the receipt; Whalen has made my place his home for the last four or five years; I kept him; he paid nothing for his board; I swear the receipt was given to Whalen in January1883; the receipt was written in my house; I do not know if my wife was present; The dray and horses were left in my charge, and I was to work them all the same; I might have said to Whalen it would be better to take my name off the dray; I never erased my name from the dray; it is about one month since the name was erased off the dray - about a week before my insolvency; I remember meeting Mr Besnard in Cooma street, Yass, a short time ago; I was driving the team; Mr Besnard wanted to buy the leading horse; I told him I would sell it to him; he asked me what I would take for the leader; I said ?30; he said the price was too high, and he would not give it; he did not offer me a price for the shaft horse; I did not tell him he could have the shaft horse for ?15; I would not have taken ?30 for the leader without consulting Whalen; I offered to take ?30 for the leader; I am not doing any work at present; I told Whalen I was not going to put any crop in this year; I swear I have no interest in the present crop; I did plough some of the land; I was about a week ploughing altogether; Whalen was ploughing also; he paid me 20s. for the week's work, and I found him in board and lodging; Whalen is cultivating about 30 acres; I am not in a position to support my wife and family; I bought a breechloading gun from Mr Coen a short time ago, at a cost of ?12-2 6; I sold the gun to my brother Louis James about two months ago; Mallyon had a judgement against me in the District Court, but I do not know whether I sold the gun after the judgement or not; my brother took the gun to the back country with him; he gave me ?8-10-0 in cash, and was to send me ?4 more; my brother is since dead;
To Mr Iceton: Whalen never paid me anything for board and lodging during the four or five years he has resided at my place.
To Mr Harper: I do not know whether there was any deed with references to the land prior to the one produced.

This concluded the business of the meeting 
James, Henry Augustus (I3699)


[Through Greville's Telegram Co.]



A telegram from Yass states that Mr. James Mote, for many years a hotelkeeper, died yesterday morning. 
Mote, James Frederick (I18)

Iram and his family emigrated to the USA and landed in San Francisco, California on 12 January 1901, having benn asked to go there by Mrs Ellen G White.

Iram and his wife Christian became Seventh-Day Adventist during the time that Ellen White was in Australia. Due to financial conditions at the time and the fact that he wouldn't work on the Sabbath, they lost their farm. They went to live in Cooranbong, NSW and almost starved. According to Arthur L White's book "Ellen G White: The Australian Years", "They had nothing to feed their four children but wild berries", p.330. When Mrs White moved back to the USA the James family went with her 
James, Iram (I1667)

It's been a long, long road for Walter
By David Uren

Mr Walter Oakley drives a vintage car and rides a 50-year-old bicycle.
He's not a collector. It's just that he has had them both for a very long time.
Mr Oakley is 90. His wife is also 90. She does not mind him riding a bike but she is not too keen about him driving.
"But I don't nag him and he doesn't drive too fast," she said.
"I got my licence in 1908," said Mr Oakley. "To get it I just rode my motorcycle into the Camperdown police station and the policeman said he supposed I could drive and gave me a licence for half a crown."
Present day drivers? "I suppose they're all right but a lot of the young ones like to show off a bit," he said.
"I'm still fit," said Mr Oakley. "I suppose it's because I've been contented - and I have a good wife."
"And another reason is that the pubs wouldn't exist if they depended upon us," added Mrs Oakley.
"We're good old Methodist church-goers," she said. "We haven't had a lot of pennies but we've been happy and contented." 
Oakley, Walter (I213)

Jack and Sylvia Wales
Written by Sylvia Wales, n?e Gorham

I am Sylvia Wales, n?e Gorham. I was born on 10th August 1917 at my mother's home, "Ivanhoe", at Kennys Creek, Rye Park, NSW.
I had two sisters and three brothers. We all walked two miles to attend Kennys Creek school. We only ever had one teacher and she taught all classes, 1st to 6th class.
I left school when I was about 14? years old. I stayed at home for awhile, then, in 1935, I got a job at the Boorowa District Hospital working as a housemaid and cooks help; my wage was 10 shillings ($1) per week plus board.
In 1935 I also met Jack Wales; his grandfather was Michael Wales and his father was Gilbert. In early 1937 we were married in the Church of England Church at Bevendale; our daughter, Dawn, was born that same year. In the next twenty years we had seven more kids, all boys, so my time was taken up cooking, washing, knitting, sewing and cleaning up after all the kids.
Times were tough, but Jack was a shearer and got plenty of work. In 1937 - 1939 the shearing rate was ?1.9.3 ($2.93) per one hundred sheep and they worked till noon on Saturdays. In the summer of 1938 (February - March) Jack got a job scrubbing (digging seedlings and ringbarking trees) at Biala, a small settlement near Crookwell.
We bought a twelve foot square, two room tent and set up camp on the site; Jack, myself and our little girl, Dawn. We were camped near a dam in the fork of two gullies. Around 2pm one afternoon a storm came up and a cloudburst hit the area. Jack came racing back to camp, calling out to me to put things up on the tables. The flood was coming down both gullies. Jack tightened up the tent ropes and lifted the sides up and the water ran straight through the tent with us three sitting on the bed. The water was only about one foot deep so we didn't get our bed wet but it put out the fire. The storm lasted only a short time and, though it was no joke at the time, we have had a few laughs about it since.
1939 came and war broke out. Jack's brother, Bill, and one of my brothers were in the army but, luckily, they both returned. We were now living in a rented house in Boorowa but, in early 1940, we had the offer from one of my uncles to buy his property, so we bought the place, 700 - 800 acres at Gunnary with a fair house on it. So we shifted out to the farm, which was called "Carinya", on Saturday 14th April 1940.
In July 1942 Jack was shearing in the Hay District of NSW when a sheep kicked him on the right leg, just above the knee. It turned into an abscess and he was brought home to the Sacred Heart Hospita at Young. On 21st July 1942 he had two operations at Young and then was taken to Sydney. On 19th October 1942 he had a further operation on the leg at Sydney and the leg was put in plaster. He came home two weeks before Christmas and was on crutches for nearly three months. It finally healed and he was able to work again. The Australian Workers Union stood by us and arranged compensation payments for 7 to 8 months.
Our daughter Dawn soon reached school age and we arranged a correspondence course for her for awhile. However, the boys were soon also of school age and as there were a number of other children in the same area as us, the parents got together and got enough names to have a bus run to Boorowa Central School. The bus started the run on 21st April 1947.
Life went on as usual, day by day and not very exciting when one lives in the bush. However, on 17th March 1952 the power line came through to our area and was connected to our home and the woolshed. What a wonderful thing! No more kerosene lamps (beautiful lights). I still cooked on a fuel stove and we still had a nice big open fire. We bought an electric washing machine, iron and jug and installed an electric shearing machine and, Oh Boy!, we bought an electric blanket that was heaven to have a nice warm bed to get into.
Our next big setback was with Ron, our fourth child. He was about twelve years old and got an abscess on his leg. He was put in Boorowa Hospital on 6th September 1956 and was taken to Sydney on 12th September. He was back and forwards between Boorowa and Sydney till 21st March 1957. He never really recovered and he walked with a limp thereafter. He married Kathleen Horne and was very happy. He was working for the Boorowa Shire and was involved in an accident and killed on 10th September 1968, aged 24 years. Ron and Kath had a daughter who was born on 6th April 1969.
In 1966 we sold our farm and bought a home in town. We finally left the farm on 26th January 1967. We had only the two youngest boys living with us then; the rest were married and gone their own way. I am still living in the same house we bought in December 1966; we paid $8,400 for it.
From 1968 there was nothing much to speak of. Life just went on day after day. Jack and I and some friends had a few trips to the Interdominion Trotting.
20th February 1974: We left Boorowa by bus to Adelaide then by plane to Perth where we had a lovely time. We arrived back on 25th February.
10th February 1975: We went by bus to Sydney then by plane to Wellington in New Zealand. We toured all over the North Island and saw a lot of interesting things. We arrived home on 18th February after a good trip.
10th March 1975: We drove our own car to Moroya and were flooded out of the caravan park on the first night there. We drove out of the park at 2.30am on 11th March and finally back home on 13th March. What a trip, and the second experience in flood waters.
24th October 1975: We went by bus to Melbourne and then by boat to Tasmania where we toured over most of Tassie by bus. Then back to Melbourne and home by bus to arrive on 1st November.
13th February 1976: We went by bus to Adelaide and went to the Trots. Drove around and saw the sights and were home by 23rd February.
10th April 1976: We were woken by the police at 4am to let us know that our 18 year old son, Raymond (our baby), had been in a car accident and been taken to Canberra Hospital and then on to Sydney. He came home on 3rd September 1976, having recovered from the accident but he was confined to a wheelchair. He worked in Canberra for a few years and then went to Adelaide for a few more years. He used to come home 2 or 3 times a year.
On 20th July 1984 my husband, Jack, became ill with heart troubles and was in and out of the Boorowa and Canberra Hospitals from then on until he passed away at 9.40am on 13th August 1991 at the age of 83. He was buried in the Boorowa cemetery on 15th August 1991.
Now back to my son Ray who on 26th September 1994 was working in his flat in Adelaide when there was an explosion and he was thrown from his chair unconscious. The police were called and they took him to the Royal Adelaide Hospital where he passed away at 5am on 27th September 1994, aged 37. We arranged for him to be brought back to Boorowa where he is buried beside his father in the Boorowa cemetery.
Our married life wasn't all roses and we never had much money and only ever had old motor cars. We made do with what we had and enjoyed our life together; it was a lot of fun. There were a few setbacks and family hurts, but I think that's what keeps a family together.
We were married for 54 years and as at 13th December 1997 I have 15 grandchildren and 17 great grandchildren. To date there are only two great grandchildren with the Wales surname - Jack William and Melissa Wales, the children of Robert and Sandra Wales 
Wales, Laurel Arthur (I8419)

James Alt was born on 12 August 1864 on his parents' farm at Fairy Hole Creek, some 3 kms from Yass. When he was 4 years and 8 months old, the family moved into the Yass Hotel at Yass and this is where he grew up. The family attended St. Clement's Church of England regularly and it is probable that he was educated at the private school conducted under the auspices of that Church. Yass lacked a public school at that time and seven private and three denominational schools provided instruction for the children in the area. James' father died a month before his ninth birthday and his mother continued to conduct the hotel. With an hotel to look after and seven children under the age of fifteen to rear, she must have been carrying a very heavy burden. Six months later she married her second husband, James Frederick Mote. The children would then have a stepfather and she would have someone to share her problems. It was almost five years later that James left home and joined the N.S.W. Railways at Yass Junction in April 1879. He was stationed at Bowning in 1882, where he was appointed a Postal Assistant on 5 September 1882. In those days, the Station Master was usually the Postmaster and, if warranted, a member of the Railway Staff could be appointed as an assistant. James was doubtless doing a good job, because his younger brother, John, commenced his railway career at Bowning that same year and they probably lived together.

James married Hannah Maria Chalker at Bargo on 14 April 1884, four months before his twentieth birthday. She was born at Mittagong about 1862. Hannah was a member of the Roman Catholic Church, but, as was the custom in those days, on marriage joined the church to which her husband belonged. James is shown in Railway Records as being Station Master on day duty at Hilltop, between Picton and Mittagong, on 22 December 1885. He was appointed Postmaster at Hilltop on 16 December 1887 at the age of 23. The Railways Classification of Officers, dated 24.6.1891 shows him as Officer-in-Charge at Hilltop on a salary of ?130 per annum plus a Postal Allowance of ?11 per annum. He had to pay 1O/- per week rent for the Stationmaster's residence. On 31.12.1896 he is shown as still in the same job on the same salary and postal allowance, but plus a free house. It appears that during the five years the only increase in salary he had received was the equivalent of the 1OA a week which he had previously had to pay as rent for the house.

On 12th June 1897, at the age of thirty-two, following a mishap when attempting to board a moving train at Mittagong, both his legs were amputated. 
Alt, James (I46)

James Brogan and his wife Ellen Horan whom he married in 1815, lived on five acres of rented land in Cappabane. In the adjoining townland of Shean lived Anthony Boland who had fourteen acres of rented land. In the townland of Fossabeg lived Daniel Dinan who rented a few acres in common with nine others. Across the river Bow in the townland of Magherareagh lived Patrick Durack and his wife Judith Bleach. This man was an uncle of Michael Durack ancestor of the Duracks of "Kings in Grass Castles " fame. For some unexplained reason he was never mentioned in Dame Mary Durack's best seller, first published in 1959.
In the townland of Sellernane , Mountshannon lived Patrick O'Dea and his wife. His subsequent actions were to change the lives of the above forever.Philip Reade, of Woodpark, owned half the parish of Mountshannon and was also a successful barrister. He had a magnificent country house with landscaped gardens overlooking Holy Island and Lough Derg. He was by all accounts a benevolent landlord, particularly in later years during the Great Hunger.
On St Patrick's night 1824, Brogan, Durack, Dinan, Boland, O'Dea and one Patrick Tuohy, for some unexplained reason broke into Philip Reade's house with the sole intention of murdering him. They shot him in the chest and shoulder and presumed he was dead. For months Philip Reade lay dangerously ill while the best surgeons in the country attended him.
The military and yeomanry scoured the countryside for his attackers and offered fifty pounds for information. No one in this part of the country was more despised than the informer and no one more deserving of the curse "may the hearthstone of hell be your bed forever." For two years the search continued until finally one of the party Patrick O'Dea informed the authorities.
There was a lot of interest in the trial but still no motive was given or at least reported. Patrick O'Dea stated that it was James Brogan who set it up and to divert suspicion they pretended to quarrel in the ensuing weeks. O'Dea was to accuse Brogan of having an affair with his wife, and this would prevent the neighbours from having any suspicions. No witness was called for the defence and after about twenty minutes the jury returned with a guilty verdict. The judge with spine chilling solemnity then said "You James Brogan, Patrick Durack, Anthony Boland, and Patrick Tuohy are to be taken from hence, to the place from whence you came and from thence to the place of execution and there you are to hang by the necks until you are dead - and may God almighty have mercy on your souls"
A few days before the intended execution they were all reprieved. No reason was given and they were sent as convicts to New South Wales. On Tuesday May 28th 1827 under strong escort they passed through Ennis on their way to the hulk "Surprise", lying at anchor at the cove of Cork. 
Brogan, James (I39666)

Jeremiah built his own home and all of his furniture. Some of the furniture is now with the Yass Historical Society.

The family grazed about 1600 head of sheep on crown land adjoining their home. Before shearing, the sheep were washed in full wool in the Boorowa River.

William Mills began a carrying business at Yass with his friend Jeremiah. The two friends conducted the business to augment their income because they found the times hard and, even if their land did produce, it was difficult to find buyers for their produce.

The round trip to Brickfield Hill from Yass took about three months with heavily laden wagons, and usually involved a stay in the Bargo Bush area. Jeremiah used to carry a grease pot swinging on the back of the wagon to grease it. He collected his money in gold sovereigns and put it on the bottom of the grease pot, melted the grease and put it in the pot, keeping only a few shillings out for his expenses on the road 
Crossley, Jeremiah (I20)

John Alt was born at the Fairy Hole Inn on Fairy Hole Creek near Yass on 13 March 1867. He was the fourth son of Christoph Alt and the second of Martha Crossley, Christoph's second wife. He spent his childhood days at the Yass Hotel, where his father had become the licensee and was educated at Yass. When he was twelve years of age, he was listed in the Yass Courier as being one of the successful students at the first Annual Examinations held by the Yass Public School in December, 1879. The School was opened at the beginning of that year and apparently John was one of the first intake of scholars. Prior to that he attended St. Clement's Church of England School.
In 1882, at the age of fifteen, he commenced a lifelong career with the New South Wales Railways, which began with his appointment as Junior Porter at Bowning near Yass. Four years later, after promotions to Porter, Shunter and Operator, he was appointed Night Officer at Breadalbane, fifteen miles south of Goulburn. Here he met and married Mary Ann Crawford Smith on 22 April 1891. She was the fifth child of Thomas Maxwell Smith and his wife, Anne Murray, who had married at Goulburn on 20 April 1864. Smith was a British Naval deserter, who jumped ship in the gold rush days of the 1850's and consequently would have been liable to severe punishment if he ever returned to England. He was, nonetheless, a descendant of the Grahams of Tamrawer, Scotland, a noble family, which traces its lineage back to the sixteenth century. Several of its members were created Lords and Knights of the Realm. He settled on a property at Breadalbane and called it "Rosemount" after his wife's birthplace. She was born on 10 January 1843 at Rosemount Farm, Ayrshire, Scotland, the youngest daughter of John and Agnes Murray.
After appointments at Harden and Goulburn as Night Officer, John became Station Master at Mullion Creek, near Orange in 1892. He was not there for long, being transferred for short periods as Station Master at Cowan and then Bay Road (now Waverton), before being appointed to Gordon where he remained as Station Master until 1902. While at Gordon, the local Non-Official Postmistress (Mrs. Langford) resigned because of insufficient remuneration (?27 per annum). The Post Office was transferred to the Railway Station with John being appointed Postmaster from 2 October 1894, a position he retained until his transfer to Cooma in 1902. He also acted as unofficial agent at Gordon for the newspapers, selling at one penny each. They were sold on the 'honesty' system, whereby people helped themselves and left the money. The fact that it was never short reflects the integrity of the people, estimated at 200, using the Stafion every day.

Following on his transfer, this item appeared in The Pymble News on 4 December 1902:-

Travellers on the Milson's Pt. Line will notice with regret the departure from Gordon of Mr. J. Alt, who was promoted to Cooma, for which place he left last week. Mr. Alt has been on this line for nearly 10 years, of which 9 have been spent at Gordon. During this time he has earned for himself a name which one might feel proud of. Mr. Alt was one of the Churchwardens of St. John's Church of England, Gordon. He was also Honorary Treasurer of the Gordon District Cricket Club and a member of the selection committee.

He was presented with a liquor stand in appreciation of his services to the Cricket Club.

Promotion came rapidly after leaving Gordon. He served first at Cooma during the famous 1902 drought, where the only green feed in the State was to be found. Thousands of starving stock arrived by train daily placing the resources available at the Station under great strain. He did a very good job which was recognised by transfers, at short intervals, to larger stations at Blayney and then Cootamundra. The salary he received in each of these positions was:-

1886Night Officer Breadalbane ?120 per annum plus Postal ?20 per annum.

1893O.I.C. Gordon ?150 per annum plus free house.

1899Station Master Cooma ?175 per annum plus free house.

1905Station Master Cootamundra ?210 per annum plus free house.

John was then promoted to Traffic Inspector and spent what was for him probably the most unsatisfactory four years of a very successful career spanning nearly half a century. A Traffic Inspector was the executive officer directly responsible for the efficient operation of a length of the Railway System. The actual length, sometimes hundreds of miles long, depended on the volume of business done. The job imposed tremendous strains on the individual, who was expected to be on the job whenever deemed necessary, irrespective of the hours worked. It was a salaried position and overtime was not paid. After four years in this position, he had a breakdown in health, following on which he returned to the job of Station Master, one at which he obviously excelled.

Four years to early 1914 were then spent as Station Master at Albury. This was in the days when the N.S.W. and Victorian Railways operated on different gauges and everything, passengers and goods, travelling by rail between the two States, had to be transhipped at Albury from one system to the other. It was a position, constantly beset by problems, calling for dedication, sound judgment and good personal relations with both staff and public. The volume of business at Albury increased dramatically during his time there, resulting in the classification of the Station being upgraded. When this happened, despite John's good work, a more senior man was appointed Station Master and received the higher salary payable on reclassification. John was promoted to the position of Station Master of Bathurst. The local townspeople were most appreciative of what he had accomplished at Albury and several send-offs were organized in his honour. The largest was held on 2 February 1914 on the evening prior to his departure. The Albury Banner and Wodonga Express of the following Friday gave this account of the function.

A POPULAR STATION MASTER - One of the most representative of valedictory gatherings ever held in Albury took place in the Town Hall on Monday night, the object being to pay honour to Mr. John Alt, by inviting him to be the guest of the citizens. Mr. Alt had been stationed in Albury as railway station master for four years, and during that time he carried the respect and esteem of every section of the people, because of his uniform courtesy, efficiency and consideration for the interests of the public in the discharge of the duties of his office. As soon as it became known that Mr. Alt had been promoted to Bathurst, various presentations were arranged by his admirers, but the most important of the series was the large gathering of representative citizens of the town on Monday night. The chair was occupied by the Mayor, Ald. Frere and five other aldermen were present. The toast of Mr. Alt's health was proposed by the Mayor, his remarks being supplemented by Messrs. John Campbell (president of the Albury Chamber of Commerce), Mr. F.J. Belbridge (president of the Albury P. and A. Society and Race Club), Mr. J.D. McDonnell (on behalf of the railway staff), Mr. G.A. Thompson, Mr. P. Bell Munro (manager of the Albury branch of Dalgety and Co.), Ald. Burrows and Mr. H.C. Langley (vice-president of the Cricket Association). The Mayor said he had pleasure in presenting Mr. Alt, on behalf of the citizens, with a handsome and massive tray, bearing the inscription "Presented by the Citizens of Albury to J. Alt, Esq. station master at Albury, on the occasion of his transfer to Bathurst, February 2, 1914."
In responding, Mr. Alt said he regretted very much that the call of duty demanded that he should leave Albury, where he had spent four very pleasant years. Unhappily his duties had until lately been of such a character that he had not been able to participate as he might have desired in the social side of the town's life. In the matter of responsibility, the Albury station ranked next to Sydney and it was his ambition to become stationmaster at the central station. He came to the town on Good Friday, 1910. In 1910 the tickets sold were 38,654 and in 1913 67,532. In 1910 the fares amounted to ?33,018 and in 1913 ?46,611. During those three years the fares had been reduced. In 1910 the goods tonnage was 73,722 and in 1913 it was 124,583. In 1910 the traffic staff (outside), loco and permanent way men numbered 34. In 1913 it numbered 59 permanent men and between 15 and 20 casuals. In the face of these figures, Albury had been standing back in the regrading. He had nothing to do with that. When the regrading came out, he appealed against it. He had known the new stationmaster, Mr. Irwin, for about fourteen years and he was confident that he would prove himself in every way capable of directing the affairs of the Albury station. The other toasts honoured included that of the incoming stationmaster. Mr. Alt and his family left for Bathurst on Tuesday.

They were not to remain at Bathurst for very long. Before the end of the year John was appointed Assistant Stationmaster at Central Station in Sydney, the busiest station in the state. For just on sixteen years, the balance of his working life, he was at Central. During World War 1, he controlled all troop trains between there and Liverpool and Menangle, where the big Army camps were located. Keeping the busiest station in N.S.W. operational during the long and bitter Railway Strike in 1917 must have been one of the greatest challenges of his life. Staff who remained on duty were subject to abuse and even assault. When the strike dragged on and the men became embittered and tempers rose, John was taken to and from work each day by car and provided with an escort for protection. It must have been a very difficult period for such a humane man, who always enjoyed good relations with the men under his control.

During his tour of duty at Central, he was elected, by ballot of all the employees throughout the State, to the position of Employees' Representative on the Railways Appeals Board. The election was held annually and he was returned for several terms. There must have been something of the politician in him, because even when travelling on holidays, he enjoyed alighting at every station to renew acquaintances and make himself known.

It was part of the duties of the Station Master at Central to be present at the arrival and departure of Royalty, the State Governor or other dignitaries using the official State Train. John collected autographs for his daughter, Marge, included among them those of the Prince of Wales, later Edward the Eighth and the Duke and Duchess of York, later King George VI and Queen Elizabeth. He must have established a good rapport with Sir Walter Davidson, the State Governor, who used the train on numerous occasions. They were both keen cricketers and between them a match was arranged to be played at Sutton Forest, where the Governor's country residence was located. It was to be between the Governor's team and a team from Central Railway Station. The match was a great success and was won by the Railway team captained by John. Sir Walter Davidson later had the ball used that day mounted on an inscribed silver stand and presented it to John as a memento of a very happy occasion.

When the time came for him to retire on 28 October 1930, he was well known, liked and respected in both the city and country. His services were recognized by the King granting him an award rarely given to railwaymen. It was the Imperial Service Medal, awarded for 'meritorious services rendered'.

When John's father died in 1873, he left a farm of sixty-nine acres at Fairy Hole Creek, Yass. John's mother kept it as an investment for over twenty years. However, following on the 1892 depression and several unprofitable years, she decided to sell it. Doubtless due to the stringent financial conditions, she was unable, over a period of nearly a year, to find a suitable buyer. There are indications that she was under some financial pressure. Perhaps she had borrowed money on it and was being requested to repay the loan. There was doubtless great discussion about it within the family and she reached the stage of saying that she would be happy to get even two hundred pounds for it. Believing it was a very good buy at that price, John agreed to buy it to help his mother out of her difficulty. Ten years later, when the price of land had improved, he sold it for four hundred pounds to Arthur Bryant of Yass.

John lost his wife, as a result of an infection following an operation for a stomach ulcer, not quite eleven months prior to his retirement. It was a grievous loss. She had always loyally supported him and took pride in making sure that his uniforms were immaculate, which involved a lot of work for her in the days before dry cleaning establishments. Her efforts were justified, because he was a big man and looked very impressive as he moved around Central Station in the uniform with special cap and knee length coat worn only by the premier station masters in the State. They had six children - three boys and three girls - unfortunately losing the youngest son, Cohn, at the age of four. They had every reason to be proud of their children, whose lives reflected the good home training they had received when growing up. Lindsay, the eldest, completed his career with the Commercial Banking Company of Sydney as Manager for many years at Gunnedah. The esteem in which he was held there was demonstrated by the local paper devoting the whole of the front page, of the issue following his death, to the story of his life and recording his activities as a leading citizen of the town. Jack spent his working life at Dalgety & Co., becoming in time one of their senior executives. Marge (Margaret), who never married, had a successful career nursing at Prince Alfred Hospital, Sydney, in due course becoming deputy Matron in charge of the Nursing Staff. Joyce joined the Commercial Banking Co. of Sydney and, after a career there of some twenty years, married a fellow employee, Bruce Malcolm. Enid took up nursing and at the age of twenty-four married Dr. Stanley George Bradfield, second youngest son of the designer of the Sydney Harbour Bridge. Enid was widowed as a result of an accident and left with four young children. She remained a widow and reared the children, who are a great credit to her.

John and his family had a long association with St. John's Church of England, Gordon, where they lived for many years. The children endowed a pew in the Church in memory of their mother and also installed a stained glass window in memory of their father after his death on 23 December

John was well known in the Masonic Lodge and at the time of his death had been a member of the Killara Bowling Club for many years. His contemporaries' opinion of him as a man can probably best be gauged by the numerous gifts of appreciation and esteem presented to him by organizations and groups of citizens in the towns where he was stationed. His fellow workers voiced their opinion in the inscription of the wireless set they presented to him on his retirement. It read "A good boss and a White Man", probably the highest compliment they could pay, reflecting their opinion of him in his official capacity and as an individual.

N.B. 'A White Man' was a term used in those days by Australian men to describe another man whom they liked and respected, embodying those characteristics they admired and who could be relied on never to do another a bad turn. 
Alt, John (I43)

The engineer who altered the face of Sydney

For more than fifty years Sydney has been symbolized by a majestic arch of steel - the Harbour Bridge. But the bridge is also the symbol of one man's daring imagination. Dr John Job Crew Bradfield spent years persuading reluctant governments and firing the enthusiasm of ordinary citizens to create the public support needed to make the massive project a reality. Fittingly the bridge road surface carries his name and every day tens of thousands of motorists make their crossing of the harbour by way of the Bradfield Highway, mostly unaware of the source of the name.
Bradfield was born on Boxing Day 1867, at Sandgate in Queensland. His father, John Edward Bradfield, had fought in the Crimean War and arrived in Australia in 1857. Bradfield senior spent his working life as a labourer and the family was never affluent. The young Bradfield was first educated at North Ipswich State School and after winning a scholarship he transferred to Ipswich Grammar School. Top of his school in his final year, Bradfield won a Queensland government scholarship to attend Sydney University, one of only three such scholarships offered each year. At university he took a Bachelor of Engineering degree, graduating in 1889 with first class honours and winning the university medal. He returned to Brisbane and was employed as a draughtsman in the office of the Queensland government's chief railways engineer. But Bradfield was sacked in 1891 as part of government cost-cutting measures in response to the economic depression which had overtaken all the Australian colonies.
Moving south, Bradfield found work with the New South Wales Department of Public Works. He was fortunate to be employed so quickly because in the same year he married Edith Jenkins and began a family which eventually grew to five sons and a daughter. He also commenced postgraduate studies at Sydney University, graduating as Master of Engineering with first class honours in 1896 and again winning the university medal. Along the way he helped found the Sydney University Engineering Society in 1895. President of the Society in 1903, he was already giving thought to a bridge across the harbour as he mentioned in his presidential address of that year.
When a Royal Commission sat in 1909 to consider improvements to the city of Sydney and its suburbs, Bradfield put forward a scheme for an underground railway to his superiors in the Public Works Department. His initiative on this score eventually earned him the post of engineer in charge of the newly created Sydney Harbour Bridge and City Transit Branch of the Department. At last Bradfield was free to devote himself solely to planning the great improvements he envisaged to Sydney's transport system. To bring his ideas up to date the state government sent him on a world tour in 1914 to investigate contemporary trends in metropolitan railway construction.
The next year Bradfield submitted to the government a Report on the Proposed Electric Railways of Sydney. The report discussed in detail the need to electrify the suburban rail network, construct an underground city railway and build a bridge across the harbour. His report prompted the government to pass the City and Suburban Railways Bill of 1915. The momentum for this development was choked by the growing crisis of the world war, and shortly after the bill was passed the Railway Commissioners announced that the electrification work would be postponed for five years because of the need to concentrate public funds on the war effort. Work on the city railway was halted in 1917 for the same reason.
His vision seemingly at a dead-end, Bradfield shared his ideas on Sydney's transit needs with those attending Australia's first town planning conference held in Adelaide in October 1917. He told his audience that by 1950 Sydney could have a population of two and a quarter million people and that good planning dictated that a transport system to cope with this population should be built soon. At that time the city's population was less than one million. Bradfield argued that efficient, rapid urban transit schemes were most beneficial to ordinary people and that with the scheme he proposed 'there should be a more efficient service, reduction in working expenses, cheaper fares and quicker transit, thus enabling workers to reside further afield and enjoy fresh air and sunlight'.
Over the next few years Bradfield took every opportunity to publicise his scheme in order to revive government support. He used magazine and press articles and public addresses to various conferences and meetings to win public opinion to his side. He scored a partial victory n February 1922 when work resumed on the city railway after the Railway Commissioners added their weight to Bradfield's appeals.
Complete success came in October that year when the Nationalist government passed the Sydney Harbour Bridge Bill. The Minister for Public Works, R. T. Ball, paid special tribute to Bradfield when introducing the bill into parliament.

Mr Bradfield is looked upon not only in Australia, but in the engineering profession throughout the world, as one of the most competent men associated with bridge work, and I do not know of any man who could be better qualified to advise the government in regard to the design of the bridge.
The government placed Bradfield in charge of devising a set of official designs within which tenders for building the bridge were to be confined. Bradfield was then given the task of selecting the successful tender from the six companies that put forward plans.
Bradfield eventually recommended a design from the English firm Dorman, Long and Company which was priced at ?4 217 722. This company already had steel fabricating works in Sydney so was well placed to meet the local content provisions in, the contract. Indeed the bridge was wholly fabricated at Milson's Point and its support piers were faced with Moruya granite using Nepean River sand and local cement. It was also entirely constructed by local labour, a fact which pleased the opposition Labor party.
In 1924 Bradfield rounded off his academic awards when he took a Doctorate of Engineering from Sydney University. Not surprisingly his thesis was on 'The City and Suburban Electric Railway and the Sydney Harbour Bridge'.
Excavation work began on the bridge in January 1925 and then approaches and pylons were constructed. In June 1928 the arch was begun. Built from each shore, the span met in the middle in August 1930. During its progress Sydneysiders were fascinated by the steady expansion of the two sides and the engineering marvel accomplished when they finally met to form a single gracious curve. With the arch complete the much quicker job of hanging the deck of the bridge began.
In January 1932 the contractors handed over the completed structure to the Department of Public Works. At this stage Bradfield supervised safety tests. In one spectacular test ninety-two railway locomotives were shunted onto the bridge, which withstood their combined weight of 8300 tonnes. A test of another kind took place on 16 March, three days before the official opening, when school children were given a special preview and 100000 of them crossed the bridge.
Newspapers of the day estimated that one million people watched the opening ceremony on 19 March 1932 and that the suburbs of the city were deserted. Bradfield was with the official party as the governor, Sir Philip Came, named the bridge highway after him. The united pride felt by all Sydneysiders was expressed by The Labor Daily which said in its editorial:

Today is the day of days, when political differences forgotten, New South Wales unites in the glorification of Our Bridge, an added attraction to Our Harbour. The building of this gigantic bridge is just as much a national milestone as Anzac.

His great work completed, Bradfield retired from the Public Works Department in July 1933. Running parallel with the bridge construction Bradfield had also overseen development of the city's underground railway, which began operation in 1926 with the opening of Museum and St James stations.
Retirement for Bradfield meant a chance to shift the scene of his activities. In 1934 he became consultant engineer on a project to bridge the Brisbane River. Work began the following year and the Story Bridge was opened in 1940. He was also technical adviser to the builders of the Hornibrook Highway in south-east Queensland, as well as contributing to the planning of the University of Queensland's new campus at St Lucia.
Bradfield died in September 1943. No other Australian has left so impressive a physical monument to celebrate his creative energies. The Harbour Bridge is a constant reminder of the enormous individual impact John Bradfield made on the appearance and development of modern Sydney.
Bradfield, John Job Crew (I11374)

John Kirk was tried before Justice Johnston on 27th March 1822 (Lent Assizes) having in his possession, "a cow sworn to be stolen" and was sentenced to be transported for seven years. Despite a petition in June 1822 sent by Kirk to the Marquis of Wellesley, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, he was transferred to the 'gaol of Kilmainham'. Further character references sent in October of that year failed to bring about his release, but reveal more information about the prisoner and his confinement. In one, George Birch, J.P., and Minister of the parish of, Comber, states that, "I have known John Kirk, parish clerk and schoolmaster, for many years and certify him a man of excellent character". The curate of Kilclief, Samuel Burdy, states that "he was both parish clerk and schoolmaster in this parish for one year ending first May 1814 and that in both capacities his conduct gave satisfaction to my parishioners of every description", while J. Nelson D.D., Downpatrick, tells us that "John Kirk is properly qualified to teach an English school and gives close attention to his duty". While confined in Down County Gaol, John Kirk seems to have been a model prisoner. From the Reverend Richard Maunsell, Local, Inspector of Down Gaol, we learn that "the petitioner has behaved himself with the greatest, propriety during his confinement. His conduct was worthy of imitation". The Gaol Chaplain, Reverend A. Bullock, echoes these views and he reports the he (John Kirk) "has three different times in a pious and exemplary manner received the sacrament of the Lord's Supper at my hands". Despite further glowing testimonials by John McCoubery, Medical Attendant of Down Gaol.. Wm. Johnston Esq, James Richardson, Sidney H. Rowan and others, John Kirk was transferred to Kilmainham Gaol, Dublin. Furthermore we learn from a statement by Hugh Gray, Keeper, Downpatrick Gaol, that the "petitioner's conduct during the march from Downpatrick to Kilmainham was very good and regular".

A petition from Kilmainham, dated 1st February 1823 and signed by John Kirk gives further insights into his character and additional family information:- "Memorialist humbly craves of your Excellency to experience a small share of your clemency in alleviating in the small measure memorialist distress, as he was brought up formerly to habits of industry, he humbly hopes that your Excellency will be pleased to place memorialist in the penitentiary for whatever time your Excellency may think proper, which will leave your humble memorialist wife; and two infant children as in duty bound ever to pray." (Mrs. James, from her own genealogical research, believes that John, born c 1789 married Isabella Robinson, baptised 9.8.1794 Broadmills, Down, father John Robinson, mother Elizabeth. Mrs. James has traced a William Kirk; baptised. 30.3.1814, Inch, Down, father John Kirk, mother Isabella Robinson, She believes that it was this William and his young brother George who were left behind in Ireland with their mother when John Kirk was transported). A third petition sent to the Lord Lieutenant, despite having been signed by the chief noblemen and gentlemen of that county (Down)' again failed to halt transportation procedure as John Kirk was transferred to the 'Earl St. Vincent' in Cork.

On 27th April 1823, Robert Tainsh, the doctor on board the 'Earl St. Vincent' reports that John Kirk had been very ill for the chief part of the eight weeks which he had been on board "which renders him entirely unfit for the voyage". During this time Dr. Tainsh had appointed him schoolmaster as he had "formed the most favourable opinion of him". John Kirk was to spend the next four months in the Cork penitentiary. During this time he acted as church clerk and schoolmaster, conducting himself "to the satisfaction of the different officers of the prison".

He was then placed on board the convict hulk 'Surprise' in Cork Cove, where he was to stay for the next five months. In yet another petition, dated 19th September 1823 from the 'Surprise', the reader can sense a note of desperation as John Kirk once again asks the Lord Lieutenant for clemency. "Petitioner most humbly state that from the anxious thoughts, for the welfare of his helpless wife and two infant children he has left without any means of support added to his own sufferings both by land, and sea, render petitioner truly 'an object of compassion. He therefore most earnestly prays you to take his lamentable case into your accustomed human consideration and grant him the smallest share of your unbounded clemency, that has so often distinguished your illustrious name. The least mitigation of said sentence would alleviate the throbbings of a broken heart and dry the tears of distress and leave your humble petitioner, his wife and two infants as deeply bound in duty".

This final plea obviously failed as John Kirk was eventually transported to Australia on board the 'Prince Regent'. From a request made by Captain R. P. Stewart of Parramatta on 26th October 1825 for the Governor of New South Wales, Sir Thomas Brisbane, to grant Kirk a ticket of leave, we discover that he was appointed schoolmaster on board and that "his attention to the children during a period of six months, as well as his general conduct, was most, exemplary". Captain Stewart, having observed Kirk's conduct at Parramatta, made a strong case for his release. The following year, John Kirk petitioned Governor Darling of New South Wales, asking for his wife Isabella and two small sons to be given free passage out to Australia. This was unsuccessful, and in 1833 he married Elizabeth Quinn (a convict from County Antrim) and had seven children. John Kirk died on 9th March, 1855 aged 66 years 
Kirk, John (I6010)


A very pretty wedding eventuated in the Johnston street Methodist Church, Annandale, on June 26, when Edna May, second daughter of Mr. and Mrs. R. H. Loiterton, of "Sunnyside." Dirna- seer, was wed to Arthur Bissell, young- est son of Mr. and, Mrs. G. A. Jones, of Nowra, the Rev. Johnston , officiating.

The bride, who was given away by her father, was charmingly gowned in magnolia satin, trimmed with self buttons at the back, and tight fitting sleeves; and she carried a dainty bouquet of roses and sweet peas. Marjorie, sister of the bride, was brides maid, and wore a frock of pink geor gette, with bouquet to match. Mr. Reg. Loiterton, brother of the bride, acted as best man. Later Mrs. Loiter- ton, who wore a black tailored costume, with white accessories, assisted by Mrs. McMahon, of Newcastle (sister of the bridegroom), received a large number of guests of the Guides' Hall,Leichhardt, where the usual toasts were honored in the happiest manner.

The beautiful three-tired cake was made by O'Shea's, of Cootamundra.

Later the happy couple left for Ka toomba, where the honeymoon was spent. Their future home will be at Nowra.
Family F1608

Written by Gordon Mote

JOYCE MOTE was born to Mabel Mote (n?e Wales) and Albert Mote on the 27th September 1916, she lived at 46 Church Street Yass just a couple of doors from her Grandmother and Aunt Clara and Uncle Frank Delaney, then moved to 43 Pritchett Street, Yass (just through the back fence from the Delaney home).
Joyce's school days were spent at the Yass Public School, leaving at the end of 6th Grade.
Joyce then travelled around and visited her Aunts' and Uncles' homes, first to Alice and Sam Nicholas at Hornsby NSW, then to Hilda (Wales) and Alfred I'Anson at Iandra, she also worked in her aunt Clara's grocery shop in Comur Street, Yass. She was a great favourite of Clara and Frank Delaney. Both the Nicholas and Delaney families did not have any children of their own; the I'Ansons had one son, Keith. At Yass she was a member of the Methodist Church and like her Aunt Alice she liked singing so she became a member of the choir.
In 1937 Joyce was a listener to the radio station at Orange and the station started a pen friend club which she joined and wrote to Ken McLean as a pen friend in 1938. At this time her brother Gordon was at Young in a furniture store, Gordon, Mote & Co., so she came to Young and Gordon drove her to Forbes to meet Ken for the first time. Ken was living with his mother at the farm, and Joyce was invited to stay so she spent a couple of weeks there with them.
In 1941 (July ?) Joyce married Ken at Yass in the Methodist Church and the Wedding Breakfast was held at the Mote's home in Pritchett St. Her brother Gordon made a 16mm colour film of the wedding, the first colour movie made at Yass. Ken's brother Doug. (who was killed in World War II) was best man, and Kath. McColl was Joyce's bridesmaid.
Ken and Joyce were to spend their married life at Hillston, and at "Wynola", Forbes as farmers. Joyce had two children, David and Margaret. This was in the war years. Ken was granted an Italian P.O.W. to help on the farm, the Government let these prisoners out to work, and be housed and fed by the farmers. The prisoners were very happy with this arrangement and became friends of the farmers.
When out at Hillston, Joyce had to put up with dust (sand) storms, she said she had to use a shovel to get the dusty sand out of the house. They did not stay long at Hillston.
It was while they were at Wynola when they were packing up to move to another farm that Joyce was lifting a heavy box and strained herself and suffered an internal haemorrhage. The ambulance was called and with all the rain they had at that time they became bogged leaving the property. By the time she arrived at the hospital she had passed away aged 31 years.
Joyce's two children, David and Margaret went to Sydney to live with Ken's mother and sister. David married Susan Mary Smyth of Adelaide at Darwin on 8th October, 1977 and had two children, Kelly Fiona born 12th September, 1978, and Andrew David McLean born 10th May, 1981. David lived in Darwin and was driving Shell petrol tankers between Adelaide and Darwin.
Margaret McLean married Lew Agnew on 13th April, 1964 in Mudgee. They had four children, James McLeod Agnew born 27th January 1965, Steven McLeod Agnew born 28th February 1966, died 1st February, 1967, from burns received from a kerosene refrigerator. The third child was Carolyn Joyce Agnew, born the 18th December, 1967, then Lynda Croson Agnew, born 12th July, 1970.
Joyce had a very short life and this must have made it very difficult for Ken and the children. Ken McLean died in Sydney on 15th December, 1983, at the age of 70 years.
Mote, Joyce (I24)

Kemp House is the oldest surviving European building in New Zealand. The Stone Store is the country's oldest surviving stone building. Kemp House was built by the Reverend John Gare Butler in 1821-22 as a mission house. From 1824-31 the house was occupied by the lay missionary George Clarke and from mid-1832 by blacksmith and lay missionary James Kemp and his family. The mission was closed in 1848, but the Kemps stayed on, eventually buying the house from the CMS. Their descendants lived there until 1974 when Ernest Kemp presented the house and its contents to the New Zealand Historic Places Trust.

The First European Familes

There was much excitement when the first European families arrived to take up residence. The flat-bottomed punt laden with the settlers and their chattels was towed into Kerikeri by two Maori canoes on the morning of 21 December 1819. Those first settlers were the Rev. John Butler, his wife Hannah, their eighteen-year-old son Samuel, two-year-old daughter Hannah, and their servant Richard Russell; James and Charlotte Kemp; William and Margery Puckey, their son William Gilbert aged fourteen years and three daughters, Caroline, Elizabeth and Jane; Sarah and William Fairburn; William and Elizabeth Bean with their young son William, born in Australia in 1817 and their very young baby George Thomas, born at Rangihoua on 21 October.

On the foreshore, near where the Tea Rooms are today, was a blacksmith's shop, 21 feet by 15 feet and a long building, 60 feet by 15 feet, designed to be a store. Charlotte and James Kemp and Francis Hall moved into the blacksmith's shop while the others, eighteen people in all, took up residence in the store. Living in such crowded and primitive conditions, carrying water from the nearby stream, cooking (at first) out of doors must have been very trying, particularly for the women. For the young mother, Elizabeth Bean, nursing a two-week old baby with another very young child, it was particularly stressful; then, some six months later their three-year-old, William, died (12 July 1820). Three months after their arrival, Sarah Fairburn was delivered of a son, Richard Alexander, on 29 March 1820 
Family F491

Land Grants

1799Book 2B Grants by Governor Hunter

No. 897James Bean Nov 12Granted 100 acres in the district of Toongabbie.
Rent: 2 shillings per year commencing after 5 years.
By 1802 12 acres had been cleared and a further 12 acres were in wheat and maize. He had 1 sheep, 5 goats, 8 hogs and a family of seven living off stores. 
Bean, James Thomas John (I132)

Last Member of Birregurra Pioneer Family

Passing of Mrs Anna M Parkinson

With the death at Benalla on June 20 of Mrs Anna M Parkinson, the last remaining member of a pioneer Birregurra family passed. The late Mrs Parkinson was a daughter of the late William and Mary Martin who, with Mrs Martin's parents, Matthew and Hannah Farndale, came to Australia in 1853 and settled in a property near Birregurra on the Warncoort road.

For many years the home and orchard "Hawthorne" was a well-known landmark, but was destroyed by the fire of 1901. Several ancient trees, including a cypress and a hawthorne hedge, still mark the spot, though all traces of the house have gone.

There was a family of five girls and three boys. The first break occurred in 1943 when William J M Martin died, aged 82 years. At that time the average age of the eight was 80 years and nine months.

The late Mrs Parkinson taught school at Warncoort nearly 80 years ago and subsequently at Gerangamete. She married the late W T Parkinson nearly 70 years ago and resided for many years at Portland, where he was practising his profession as a dentist. There were no children of the marriage. Upon her husband's death about 30 years ago, Mrs Parkinson went to live with her sister at Camperdown and later resided at Rushworth. Until less than a year ago, she was in full possession of the faculties and corresponded regularly with relatives and friends. She sustained a broken leg some time ago and never fully recovered. She was highly esteemed by those who knew her, but her circle of acquantances had naturally become limited by the passage of the years.

The interment took place in the Warncoort cemetery on June 22 in the presence of her immediate relatives. The service was conducted by the Rev H Small.

In the Warncoort cemetery are the graves of the late Mrs Parkinson's parents and her grandparents, Matthew and Hannah Farndale. The late Mr Farndale died at the age of 90 years in 1884 and his wife was 85 when she died in 1892. Mrs Parkinson's mother was 91 when she died; one sister was 95; another 92; another was 84. The youngest died at the age of 77. The men of the family did not live to such a great age, the oldest being 89 when he died; the others were 82 and 83 respectively.

It is interesting to record that the late Mr Farndale was closely associated with the development of the Methodist Church in the district and took a very active part in the work during his long life. He was a member of an old Yorkshire family, and a descendant, Dr W E Farndale, who was president of the English Methodist Conference in 1947 and was in 1950 Moderator of the Free Church Federal Council in England. Other members of the family still live in Yorkshire, where there is a village named Farndale. 
Martin, Anna Maria (I126)


One of the largest funerals in Cootamundra was that of yesterday, when the remains of the late Mr. C. Loiterton, aged 88, were laid to rest in the Methodist portion of the Cootamundra cemetery.

Rev. W. L. I. Arnold (Presbyterian) who conducted the funeral service (Rev. J. H. Sorrell was away at the Methodist conference), made kindly references to the deceased as one who had a fine Christian character; and judging by the very large gathering at the funeral, he was held in the highest esteem.

The clergyman went on to speak to the text, "Let not your heart be troubled." As the disciples experi- enced a sorrowful time when, for the last time, they met the Master, so this parting was a sad experience for the many relatives of the late Mr. Loiterton. His hospitality to many had been appreciated, and this was greatly reciprocated by deceased, and especially in the days of his sickness. His death was the glorious sunset of a noble life. It had been a privilege to visit him during the past week and learn of his mind with regard to spiritual realities. Now he was

Safe in the arms of Jesus;
Safe on His gentle breast;
There, by His love o'ershadower,
Sweetly his soul doth rest.

Loiterton, Charles (I501)

LAWLER -SHEATIIER A pretty wedding was celebrated at St. Saviour's Cathedral, Goulburn, on Friday, January, 25, at 7 p.m. when Rita Mary, second daughter of Mr. and Mrs. C. H. Sheather, of Landsdowne Estate, Goulburn, was married to Hillary Joseph Lawler, elder son of Mrs. M. E. Lawler and the late Mr. P. J. Lawler, also of Lansdowne Estate. Rev. N. Edwards performed the ceremony.

The bride entered the church with her father, who gave her away. She made a charming picture in her frock of white cloque and hand embroidered veil held in place with a coronet of orange blossom. Her sheaf consisted of white gladioli.

The bridegroom's sister, Mrs. M. Kelly, was matron of honour and looked charming in a blue crepe georgette frock. Her head dress was of blue net and she carried a sheaf of pink gladioli.

The bridegroom's friend, Mr. Leslie Crisp, was best man. The reception was held at the home of the bride's parents where the bride's mother assisted by the bridegroom's mother received 30 guests. Mrs. Sheather chose a frock of pink crepe with a shoulder spray of frangipanni and the bridegroom's mother wore a frock of navy crepe and a shoulder spray of frangipanni. Mr. and Mrs. Lawler will make their future home in Goulburn.
Family F9652


At St. John's Church yesterday afternoon, the Rev. H. F. Champion celebrated the marriage of Mr. Bert. Lenon, son of Mr. and Mrs. John Lenon, of Victoria, and Miss Elsie Sheather, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. J. K. Sheather, of Nangus.
Family F5137

Letter to the Commissioners of the Navy
Whitehall, 12th Jan. 1798

It being proposed to send the persons whose names are on the enclosed list to the settlement of New South Wales.

I am directed by the Duke of Portland to desire you will move the Lords Commanders of his Majesty's Treasury to inform the Commissioners of the Navy thereof and to direct the Board to acquaint their Lordships whether the whole number of such persons or what portion thereof can be accommodated on board the Buffalo now under orders for that settlement.

Your most humble and obedient servant

J King


1. John William Lewin and wife Carpenter
2. JamesThomas John Bean, his wife Elizabeth (Betty)
Bean and children Elizabeth 15, Rose 12, James 10,
Ann 8, William 5.Carpenter
3. John Hanson, his wife Ann Hanson, Dinah Shore 18
and children John 6, Henry 3, and Mary 1.Carpenter
4. James Harrison, his wife and 3 children.Carpenter
5. William Wheeler, his wife and 2 children.Millwright

The above list does not include all the passengers who arrived on the Buffalo. For example, Thomas Bradley and family are not mentioned. It would seem the Bean and Bradley families were closely associated. James Thomas John Bean and Thomas Bradley both signed the Terms of Settlement Letter. They received adjoining grants of land at Toongabbie on 12/11/1799. When James Thomas John Bean (Junior) married Esther Short at St Phillips Church, Elizabeth Bradley (a daughter of Thomas Bradley) was one of the witnesses. Elizabeth Bradley latter married William Bean, the youngest son of John Thomas John Bean (senior). William Lewin did not actually sail on the Buffalo although his wife did. William came on a later ship.
Bean, James Thomas John (I132)

lived at Cullinga after their marriage. Soon after they married George had a bad fall from a horse which resulted in the loss of an eye. George worked on a property called "The Meadows". He later share farmed on Donald Mackay's property and the seven children grew up and went to school from there. When it was sold they moved to live at "Wargunyah", a house at Wallendbeen opposite the Presbyterian Church. He then went share farming on Bert Boxsell's property, "Cherrygrove", and during one year was burnt out in a bushfire that began at Jindalee and went as far as Harden. The harvester and horses were saved by driving them onto a ploughed paddock nearby. George retired after share farming on Bassingthwaighte's property "Allowrie" and he and Emma lived there for the rest of their lives. They had 9 children, 5 boys and 4 girls.
Family F560


On Friday evening, 26th Novembe, at Christ Church, Cootamundra, the marriage was solemnised of Mavis, eldest daughter of Mr. and Mrs. W. J. Palmer, and Clinton, elder son of Mr. and Mrs. S. Lolterton, both of Cootamundra. The bride is serving with the A.I.F. (Cpl., A.A.M.W.S), and the bridegroom with the R.A.A.F. (LAC., medical section).

The bride, who was given away by her father, wore an elegant frock of white satin, cut with a full train, and her mother's wedding veil, and carried a bouquet of November lilies.

Her two bridesmaids were her sisters Betty and Gwen, who wore green taffeta frocks, and carried bouquets of pink sweet peas.

The bridegroom was attended by P/O R. Gehrig and F/Sgt. B. Farrell. The service was sung by Christ, Church Choir, and Mrs. Crowe was organist.

The celebrant of the marriage was Rev. Harold Palmer (Chaplain, A.I.F.), the bride's brother. Members of the choir and Cootamundra V.As. formed a guard of honour.

The wedding had been planned for mid-December, but had to be hastily arranged when the bridegroom's leave was altered. The bride's mother was called, away urgently two days earlier, because of her brother's serious illness. For this reason, the reception as planned was not held, but a few friends gathered at the bride's home after the ceremony.

After a brief honeymoon at Katoomba, the bride and groom will return to their units.
Family F941

MABEL BERYL WALES was born at 13 Murringo St. Young 22nd August 1893 to Albert and Esther Wales and her Mother and Father called her "Mabs" and her sister called her "Top" when she was young. Mabel loved riding horses and was a bit of a tomboy. Mabel learnt to play the piano and became an accomplished pianist and received a certificate for this. One of Mabel's special hobbies was painting, she started when she was about 12 years old painting landscapes and still life. Mabel was a very progressive person, she took on all sorts of work, including a course in Pittman's short hand and did very well at this. When it was time to learn a trade she chose tailoring, and spent her early days with a local tailor as an apprentice, then going to Earlwood, in Sydney as a tailoress, and then on to Kiama in the same type of work.

Mabel arrived at Yass the end of 1914 to work for George Weatherby a tailor, he was a brother to James K.E. Weatherby, a step brother to Albert Mote, now Albert's brother Walter Mote was also a tailor working for George Weatherby, and it was through this that Mabel met Albert Mote who worked in a shoe shop next door. Their relationship grew and they were married in the Methodist Church at Young on 15th September 1915, the ceremony being performed by the Rev. William Weston. They left for Sydney for their honeymoon and then back to Yass to 46 Church Street to live in one of Albert's Mother's homes. The rent was 10 shillings a week and Albert was earning 2 pounds a week working in the shoe shop with his step-brother.

At Yass Mabel soon started into her hobbies, making clothes, making sweets, cooking cakes and meat pies which was her speciality. After the birth of her daughter Joyce on 27th September 1916 and her son Gordon on 20th April 1918 she started to enter her hobbies into the Yass Pastoral and Agricultural Association Show. She was very successful with her chocolates, jubes, licorice all sorts, and other sweets, also she was successful with her cakes, fancywork and knitting, and especially baby clothes. When the show was over people would buy her products.

After 13 years at 46 Church Street Mabel and Albert decided to build a house at no. 43 Pritchett Street Yass. They bought the land which had an 80ft. frontage, from Mr. Tate. This took place in 1927 and Mabel designed the house that was to be built by her brother Earl Wales. Building commenced immediately, the hall was 6ft. wide and 40ft. long, the lounge room was 15x20ft., and from the back verandah there was a good view of the town.

The new house was one of the first built at Yass to have water and electricity connected during construction, so Mabel was very happy with this, they also had the gas put on. The frame and roof timbers were constructed from oregon.

About this time her son Gordon contracted Rheumatic Fever with 3 others from the school, the 3 others died within 2 or 3 years and Mabel was told by the doctor that her son would be very lucky to reach the age of 18yrs. At the same time her brother Desmond Wales became very ill. Mabel and Albert moved to their new home in May 1928, her son was put to bed to stay for a long spell, this was the end of Gordon's school days, at the same time her brother Des. died so it was a trying time for Mabel and she hardly left the house for a couple of yrs. This was an expensive time for the Motes so they took in a lady boarder to help pay expenses.

When 43 Pritchett Street was being built by her brother Earl, he was staying with his wife Angela and two others (Patterson & Molloy) from Young. They were staying with Mabel at 46 Church Street Yass which was her home at the time. At night they would have a sing-song. Earl playing his Violin, and the next door neighbour Tommy Hearne on the cornet, and Mabel playing the piano. Half the town would have been able to hear them.

Mabel had many friends at Yass, Marie Styles, the Sextons, Albert's stepsister's children the Sheekey Family. Herb. Phillips who owned the picture theatre and his wife Maggie who was a school mate of Mabel's at Young. Being a good gardener Mabel soon had some flowers growing everywhere. She entered many flower shows every year and would win prizes. She supplied flowers for the picture theatre, never did the Motes pay to go to the pictures. Other good friends were the McIntosh girls who owned a baby wear shop and Mabel made a lot of baby clothes for them. There were many more friends.

In 1930 Mabel's mother had a stroke and was paralysed down the right side and her speech was affected. Mabel's sister Hilda (Wales) with her husband Alfred I'Anson brought her to Yass to stay with Mabel for 1 year. After this her mother went back home to her husband Albert Wales until she died having an operation for appendicitis on 15th January 1932.

Now Mabel had a break until November 1942 when Gordon had to go into the Army, and his wife Audrey and his son Robert came to Yass to live with Mabel and Albert until the war ended and Gordon came home in March 1946. During this time Gordon was home on leave for a couple of times, the last time, Gordon and Audrey decided to have another child, and Mabel's second grand daughter Janice was born 2-2-1946. Mabel was very proud of her grand children.

When Gordon came home, Mabel decided to open a shop at Young selling baby clothes that she made. This had always been her ambition as she had promised the McIntosh girls at Yass that she would never open a shop against them. She stayed for about 6 to 8 months and then came back to Yass.

Nearly every Christmas Alfred and Hilda (her sister) I'Anson would come to Yass to spend their holidays. One year Hilda thought it would be a good idea to bring down some of the young people from the Greenthorpe Church to Mabel's for a couple of weeks, about 9 or 10 of them, so Mabel had a house full. They went to the Cotter River, Burrinjuck Dam, Boambla, and Good Hope. A good time was had by all.

At the end of 1947 Gordon and his family left Yass to go to live at their farm block at Bowral. It was here that Audrey heard of her mother's death, and later that year in 1948 Mabel and Albert, while at Gordon's place at Bowral received word through the police that their daughter Joyce had died at Forbes, at the age of 31yrs., leaving a husband and two children, David and Margaret McLean. So no more trips to Forbes for Mabel and Family like they did in the war years while Gordon was in the army. The McLeans moved to Sydney to live.

After Gordon moved to Goulburn in 1949, Mabel and Albert would come to Goulburn and spend time with the family. It was on the 10th. August that Gordon received the news by phone that Mabel had been taken to the Yass Hospital, and by the time Gordon had arrived at Yass, Mabel had passed away after having a stroke. She always said that she would be like her mother and die when she was 60 years old, which she did.

This is only a small reference to Mabel's life, there were many things that could be told. It was lucky that there were a lot of photos taken through her life to be looked at by her family many years later.

Gordon Mote
Wales, Mabel Beryl (I8)

On Wednesday evening Mr O'Brien, coroner, received a report from Collector that Mrs Margaret Cahill, a widow living alone near that place and an old resident of the district, had been found in her house. As there were some appearances leading to the supposition that the place had been ransacked and this gave rise to suspicions of foul play, it was deemed necessary to hold a magisterial inquiry,- which was done yesterday by Mr O'Brien accordingly. Evidence, which conclusively proved that death proceeded from natural causes and that th suspicions of foul play were unfounded, was adduced as follows; Bridget McInerney of the Collector Hotel sister of the deceased, deposed that deceased was born in County Clare, Ireland; she was a widow, and was, witness believed, 72 years of age; witness had heard her say she had suffered from a water-flush, but with that exception she had good health; some years ago she complained an consulted a doctor in Goulburn; witness had not seen her since the beginning of the year; she lived alone she possessed some horses and cattle; witness was present when the police found the body, and noticed the bedroom of the deceased; clothes were thrown about the floor ; but witness thought deceased had done it herself; they were dirty clothes; deceased had no valuables in the house that the witness was aware of; witness had been in the habit of assisting her with cash; at one time she said that she would come down to live with them, and then she said that she preferred to live alone; she had left 5 children, all married and grown up.
Elizabeth McKinlay, residing at Taradale near Collector, deposed that she had known deceased for nearly 30 years 
Brogan, Margaret (I12025)


Albert Leonard Simmons, 37 cook at Riverside Hostel, was charged with intent to commit a serious of fence, indecent assault, and common assault in the ACT Supreme Court before Mr Justice Simpson tester day.

The case is part heard.

Mr Phippard (for the accused) submitted that the acts were caused in a period of temporary insanity, brought about by drunkenness.

Marie Rochford said that the accused entered her house while she was in bed and struggled with her, placing his hands on her throat. She scratched his face. Exhausted she fell back at which the man released her. She lashed out with her feet knocking him on to another bed and attempted to escape. He caught her and another struggle took place before she broke away to rush to a neighbours home.

Catherine Nellie Schiller said that earlier in the evening the accused had entered her house and made an indecent suggestion. She ordered him from the premises and rushed outside for assistance.

Robert Bertram Mutch said he and his son had found the accused in the grounds of his home after a complaint by his wife. A few minutes later Mrs Schiller rushed to his door in a nervous state as a result of which he and his son searched the district.

They heard a woman screaming for help and running towards the shouts caught the accused whom they datained until the police arrived.

Constable John Aloysius McSperrin said that, when interviewed at the police station next morning the accused did not deny he had committed a serious offence on a woman.

The accused said he had had 12 schooners that afternoon and assisted two others to drink a bottle of whisky. He did not remember any thing after boarding a vehicle, until he was being questioned by a police sergeant at 1.30 am -five hours after leaving the hostel.

Edward Laurence Quirk camp steward at the hotel said he had acted as barman for a party in his room in which Simmons had been drinking whisky neat. Simmons was very drunk when he left.

John Gobbitt Henderson, chef at the hostel said he had been drinking with Simmons and the accused was very drunk when he left for the party. 
Mutch, Robert Bertram (I222)


Albert Leonard Simmons, 35, a cook, who was formerly employed at the Riverside Hostel, was com- mitted for trial at the A.C.T. Supreme Court on May 12, by Mr. T. Brooke, S.M., at the Canberra Court of Petty Sessions yesterday on a charge of assaulting a young married woman, at Braddon on April 19, with intent to commit a serious offence.

The Police Prosecutor (Sgt. H. Grangell) asked the magistrate to direct that the names of female witnesses should not be published, but the magistrate replied that he had no power to make such a direction.

A married woman of Wise Street, Braddon, said that about 10.30 p.m. on April 19, she was in the kitchen of her home when she heard some- one come to the door. She looked up the hallway and saw a man going towards her bedroom. She identified the defendant as the man who entered her house.

Witness told the intruder to "get out" and he walked toward the door.

She pushed the man towards the door and then ran to a neighbour's house for assistance. "He was sober. He went too silently and too quickly to be anything but sober," she con- cluded.

Robert Bertram Mutch, of Ipima Street, Braddon, said that at 10.25 p.m. he saw a man leaning against a wall near his house. He directed him to Civic Centre. Later, a woman in a distressed condition came to his house. He searched with his son for the man he had seen previously and then rang the police. After the police arrived he saw the man and chased and caught him.

Another witness, a young married woman of Braddon, said that after she had gone to bed on Saturday, April 19, she heard a noise under the bedroom window. A few minutes later, she saw a man coming down the hallway near the kitchen.

Witness said that the man caught hold of her and placed his hands around her throat. She continued to struggle and could feel the grip of his hands tightening.

While struggling, she scratched him on the face. The assailant moved back and witness brought her foot up and kicked him in the face. He fell back on the other bed and she ran out to the kitchen, where a further struggle took place. Witness went to a neighbour's house for protection and the man ran away.

Dr. B. W. Monaghan said that at 12.5 a.m. on April 20, he examined the young married woman and found her suffering from shock and nervous tension. She had bruises and abrasions on the back of both shoulders and on the arms.

Constable McSperrin told how the defendant had been arrested. At the police station he replied that he "did not remember" when asked questions by Sergeant McKay and himself.

Constable McSperrin said that the defendant was sober. 
Mutch, Robert Bertram (I222)


LOITERTON - CROPPER.- On the 6th February, at Christ Church, Cootamundra, Frederick Joseph Loiterton, of 'Angeluka,' Yeo Yeo, to Ellen Cropper, late of Lancashire, England.
Family F567


LOITERTON- LEAHY.-- On 4th January, 1908, Robert Henry Loiterton (son of Mr. John Loiterton, of Rosemont, West Jindalee), to Nellie Leahy, (daughter of Mr. Jeremiah Leahy, Gundagai).
Family F1012

Marriage Announcements
On Monday last, at St. John's Church, Mr. John Mutch, Old-ball Tavern, to Miss Hargreaves, daughter of the late Mr. William Hargreaves, North Shore. 
Mutch, John (I34170)

Martin Farndale was born on 19 September 1845 at Fogga Farm near Skelton. His father, Martin, was working on the farm which belonged to James Taylor, his father-in-law. His mother, Elizabeth (nee Taylor) seems to have been James' only child and heiress. Martin was in fact the second son of Martin and Elizabeth. At the time of the 1851 census the young Martin listed is listed as grandson to the owner of the house he was living in (ie to James Taylor of Fogga); he was aged 5 and born at Skelton. Certainly his birth is recorded in Skelton Parish Register as "Born September 19th 1845 and baptised on October 20th 1845 as son of Martin Farndale." Although all his brothers recorded at Somerset House, Martin's birth is not recorded there. The family consisted of four boys, William (b1842), Martin (b1845), John (b1848) and Matthew (b1850).

Martin's eldest brother died at Skelton, aged 11, of inflammation of the chest on 29 January 1854. Martin was aged 9 at this time. He was probably going to school at Skelton. His father died at Guisborough on 12 July 1862 of empyma and at this time Martin was 17. There is a family story that his father had been kicked by a horse.

For the next 14 years it appears that Martin grew up in the Skelton/Brotton area. He probably went on working for his maternal grandfather for some time, taking on the responsibility of looking after his two younger brothers and his mother.

By 1877 however, Martin was described as a miner of Brotton on his marriage certificate. He married Catherine Jane Lindsay, daughter of Andrew Lindsay, a shoemaker of Darlington, at St Cuthbert's Church, Darlington on 7 July 1877. He was aged 31 and she was aged 28. The ceremony was witnesses by James Mattison and Polly Thompson and the service was conducted by the Reverend T E Hodgson vicar.

It appears that the newly wedded couple moved to a cottage at Kilton-Thorpe. According to Brotton Parish Register, their eldest son John was baptised on 17 February 1878 having been born 24 December 1877. He was born "to Martin and Catherine Jane Farndale of Kilton Thorpe, a miner." Their next child, a daughter, Elizabeth Lindsay was born two years later on 11 December 1879 and baptised at Brotton on 25 January 1850. Martin and Catherine were still living at Kilton Thorpe, but he was now described as a farmer. Their third child, Martin, was born on 8 June 1881 and was baptised at Brotton on 31 July 1881 and his parents were still at Kilton-Thorpe and described as farmers.

Sometime in the next two years Martin moved to Tranmire Farm near Whitby since his next two children were born there. There is a family story that Martin asked his brother Matthew to go to make a bid for Craggs Hall Farm near Brotton. The story goes that Matthew returned saying that he'd taken the farm - for himself! True or not that is where Matthew went and Martin went to Tranmire, a farm some ten miles along the road to Whitby - a poor moore farm near Ugthorpe situated on Roxby Moor. The other brother John spent his life working on the railway at Loftus. It was at Tranmire that their next son George was born in January 1883 and also their next daughter, Catherine Jane, named after her mother and always known as Kate; she was born on 16 June 1884.

But by the time James was born on 22 December 1885, the family had moved to Tidkinhowe farm on Stranghow Moor near Guisborough, an improvement on Tranmire. Eldest son John recalled driving sheep from Tranmire to Tidkinhowe when seven years old; this would mean 1884.

The young family were brought up at Tidkinhowe and the other six children were born there. William was born on 22 June 1887, but died only two years later on 19 July 1889. By this time Mary Frances had been born on 22 January 1889 and another son also to be called William, in January 1891. Two and a half years later came Grace Alice, named after her mother's sister and her mother's mother, Alice Lindsay. Then two years later Dorothy Annie was born on 24 May 1895 to be followed by the last and youngest child, Alfred on 5 July 1897.

By now Martin was 52 and his wife, Catherine still only 43. They continued to work the farm at Tidkinhowe and the eldest sons and daughters were now starting to work helping to look after the youngest who were going to school at Boosebeck. On 23 August 1903 Lynn (Elizabeth Lindsay) married George Barker and went to Tancred Grange near Scorton to live. John worked on the farm and in 18? Martin went to try his fortune in Western Canada, soon to be followed by his brother George in ?. The Canada bug hit the family hard and Kate went in ? to join her brothers; she never returned to England. In ? James followed though he was to spend his late life in the United States. Mary remained at home until she was married to George Brown in ? and went to live at ?. Meanwhile William had become a butcher at ?, but soon the Canada bug hit again and he went off to join his brothers in Canada, settling in Regina (?) in ?.

On 14 July 1911, Catherine Jane Farndale died at Tidkinhowe aged 56; she was buried at Boosebeck Parish Church. Martin was now alone at the farm, but surrounded by his family, though now five were in Canada, two (Lynne and Mary) were married and one, the first William, had died. John the eldest was on the farm and Grace, by now 18 and Dorothy 16 were there to help bring up the youngest, Alfred, aged 14.

When the war came in 1914 three of the boys became soldiers. James joined the American forces and fought in France. Soon he was joined by William, serving in the Canadian Army who was wounded near Ypres in 1917 and then by Alfred who served from 1916 to 1920 as a British soldier in the Machine-Gun Corps in France and Mesopotamia.

After the war James returned to America where in September 1917, he had married Edna Adams. William returned to Canada where he too intended to marry, but tragically he died on 20 November 1919 from the flu, contracted when he was still weak from his was wound. Alfred returned to Tidkinhowe in March 1920. But George Barker, Lynn's husband at Tancred Grange had died in ? and their young family wee unable to cope alone. Alfred went to help out and stayed until 1921 before he returned home to help at the farm. He remained at home until Martin died on 17 January 1928, aged 82, of pneumonia. Martin is buried beside Catherine Jane at Boosebeck Parish Church where there is an inscription which says "Catherine Jane Farndale, Died 14 July 1911 aged 56 years, also MARTIN, Beloved Husband of the above, Died 17 January 1928 aged 82 years of Tidkinhowe Farm." 
Farndale, Martin (I16575)

MARTIN-ERLANDSON (Silver Wedding).-On
the 30th September, 1897, at Colac, by the late Rev. Robert Brown. William John, eldest son of Mrs. Martin and the late William Martin, of "Hawthorne," Birregurra, to Irene, second daughter of the late Allan and Mary Erlandson, of Rae street, Colac. (Present address, "Iburn Ridge,' Wilby).
Family F99

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