AUSIGEN - Family History

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101

IN MEMORIAM
MARTIN - In hallowed memory of my beloved wife, Irene, and devoted mother of Erland and Farndale, who passed away at Yarrawonga on the 22nd November 1938 (Colac papers please copy )
 
Erlandson, Irene (I391)
 
102

IN MEMORIAM

ASPLAND.-- In loving memory of our dear mother and grandmother, who passed away, at Cobden June 25. 1946, dear mother of Ada (Mrs. Campbell), mother-in-law of Robert, loving grandma of Bill, Lindsay, Alfred, Reg, and Jean. "In silence we remember"
 
Martin, Elizabeth Clarissa Teresa (I73)
 
103

IN MEMORIAM

LOITERTON.- In loving memory of William Thomas Loiterton, who passed away on 8th June, 1938.

Always sadly missed.
-By his loving wife and family.
 
Loiterton, William Thomas (I1100)
 
104

In the Methodist Church, Young, Miss Audrey Mavis Aspland and Mr. Gordon Mote were married by the Rev. N. W. Lickiss. The bride is the
second daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Les Aspland, of Boorowa road, and the bridegroom, who resided in Boorowa street, the only son of Mr. and Mrs. Albert Mote, of Yass. Mrs. E. Brown, sister, acted as Matron of Honor. The service was choral, 'The Voice That Breathed O'er Eden' and 'O, Perfect Love!' being sung. Miss G. Tonkin presiding at the organ. The duties of best man were carried out by Mr. E. Brown, of 'Trafalgar,' Young.
 
Family F1
 
105

INSOLVENCY MEETING
Tuesday, August 12
Before Mr A Money Fisher, District Commissioner
A special meeting was held in the insolvent estate of Henry Augustus James for the examination of witnesses.
Mr Harper (for Mr Wilkinson who was indisposed) appeared on behalf of the official assignee.
Mr Iceton watched the proceedings on behalf of the insolvent.
Selwyn Pembrooke deposed: I am the local agent of the official assignee in the insolvent estate of H A James; in compliance with instructions received from the official assignee, I proceeded to the insolvent's residence on the 5th August instant, for the purpose of attaching the assets in the insolvent's estate; I attached certain furniture and other things, a list of which I produce. (List attached and marked A.) The following conversation passed between insolvent and myself:- I saw a dray standing close to the house, and I asked him where the harness was; he replied, "The dray is not mine, nor is the harness, neither are the three horses, they all belong to a party named Michael Whalen;" Whalen was present at the time; the insolvent said that in June 1882, Whalen lent him ?30 to purchase the horses, dray and harness; the money was to have been paid at the end of six months; about January 1883, I could not pay the ?30 to Whalen, and I gave Whalen a receipt for the horses, dray and harness, in consideration of Whalen foregoing the payment of the ?30; I noticed that the name H A James, Hard's Flat, had been recently partially erased from the dray; the erasing of the name must have been recently done, as I noticed it was on the dray during the present year; I have seen the name on the dray within the last three months; the farm occupied by insolvent contains I believe about 75 acres; insolvent told me the farm was freehold; about 30 acres of the land are under crop; the crop is for hay; I asked insolvent if the crop was his; he said, "No, I did not intend to put in a crop this year and Whalen said he would put the land under crop;" I asked insolvent if Whalen was to give him any consideration for the use of the land; he (insolvent (replied "No"; insolvent is a married man, and has four or five children; I believe insolvent has no other means of supporting his family except by his farm; he also brought wood into Yass with his team; insolvent told me that the farm belonged to his wife by a deed of gift, and that he had no interest in the land; he also said that after his wife's death the land went to his daughter, and then to his son; he said the deed was in the possession of Mr Iceton, Solicitor, of Yass; after the attaching of the horses and dray, I received a protest from Whalen, who claimed them; (Letter attached and marked B); I have realised a portion of the assetsof the estate, amounting to ?7-13-0; the protest marked B is in my handwriting: I wrote it at the dictation of Whalen, and read it over to him, and he signed it.
Edward Arthur Iceton deposed: I am a solicitor, residing at Yass; I produce a deed, dated 25th January, 1876, made between Timothy Kileen, of the first part, Ann Kileen, of the second part, and Ellen James, wife of H A James, and daughter of Timothy Kileen, of the third part, and William James of the fourth part; it contains two parcels of land - one of 30 acres, and the other of 44? acres; the land is conveyed to Ann Kileen and Ellen James during the life of the said Ann Kileen, or during her widowhood, should she survive the said T Kileen, without impeachment or waste, and should she marry, it was to go to Ellen James without impeachment or waste, and on her decease, in case the said Ann Kileen should survive her to the use of the said Ann Kileen during her lifetime or widowhood without impeachment or waste, and on decease of both Ann Kileen and Ellen James, or the marriage of the said Ann Kileen, in case she should be the survivor of the two, to the use of the then eldest surviving child of the said Ellen James, and the said Henry Augustus James, his or her heirs or assigns for ever; in the event of there being no such child of the said Ellen and Henry A James then to the heirs of Timothy Kileen for ever; the date of the registration 28th February, 1876, No. 315, book 157; I do not know wheter there was any document amongst the papers signed by Timothy Kileen; my knowledge is confined to the contents of the deed; there may be such a document in my possession; I have not searched my papers for any other document.
Michael Coen deposed: I am a storekeeper, residing in Yass; I know the insolvent, Henry Augustus James; he was indebted to me in the sum of ?91-7-11 at the time of his insolvency; on 24th March last he owed me ?77-14-1; at that time I had a conversation with insolvent; I told him that his account was so high I must have some security or that I would stop his credit; he relied he had plenty of security, I need not be afraid, as my account was quite safe; he said he had 75 acres of land (freehold); he said he had a stack of hay worth between ?50 and ?60 unencumbered in any way; he said Crago has a lien on the hay, but there is a separate stack that will more than pay Crago's lien, and I will give you a lien on the stack of hay, which is worth between ?50 and ?60; he said there was between 12 and 15 tons of hay in the stack; he asked me not to bring the hay in at once, as he had just commenced to plough, and was going to put in the whole of his land, about 75 acres, under crop this year, and it would take him about four months to do it; he said he would deliver the hay in the latter end of July - that would be last month; he then asked me to let him have some more goods, and I said I would on the strength of what he had told me, but he must keep down the account, as it was very high; he gave me a lien of the stack of hay he spoke previously of; It was only on the representation that insolvent was putting all his land under crop that I advanced him any goods; the whole of this conversation took place in the presence of Mr J McEvoy, my clerk; insolvent endeavoured to obtain more goods on the 28th June last: I did not let him have them, in consequence of something I had heard; I have received from Crago ?6-8-3, the amount over and above his claim on the hay; I sold a gun to insolvent, valued at ?12-2-6; I did not press James to go into the Insolvent Court.
Michael Whalen deposed: I am a farmer; I reside at Hard's Flat, in the same house with insolvent; I am unmarried; I am in no way related to insolvent; I commenced farming at Hard's Flat this year; I have been living with James for five years; prior to commencing farming this year, I was sometimes working on the line and sometimes for other people; I sometimes got 15s. sometimes 20s., and sometimes 25s. per week with rations; this time last year I was working on the line; I went back to insolvent's place in the spring time of last year; I was living at James' in June 1882; I was working for him splitting billet wood; I received 2s. per ton, and split about three tons a day; James supplied me with rations; my team brought the wood into town; my team consists of three horses and a dray; I got the three horses and dray and harness from insolvent; in June 1882, I gave insolvent ?30 to buy his team; he gave me no receipt at that time for the thirty pounds; I gave him the money in notes - fives and ones; James bought one of the horses from Field's; in January, 1883, insolvent could not pay the money, and he gave me a receipt for the horses, dray and harness; I produce the receipt; insolvent wrote the receipt.
Witness objected to have his receipt attached to the proceedings, and a copy was attached.
Examination continued: I left the horses, dray, and harness in insolvent's possession; although I was the owner of them; in january last I was working at a threshing machine; at the time the receipt was given insolvent's name was on the dray; the name of insolvent appeared on the dray up to within a month ago; I took the name off the dray, I did not want another man's name on my dray; I swear I do not know anything about insolvent's position; he did not tell me he owed money to anybody in town; I knew Louise James, brother of insolvent; he is now deceased; J. H. P. Mallyon had an execution against Louis James; a horse and saddle were seized; I claimed the saddle, and rescued my own property; during the time I have lived with insolvent, I have not paid anything for my board; I am farming this year; I have about 30 acres under crop; the 30 acres are on insolvent's farm; I am cultivating it on the authority of insolvent's wife; I am not paying anything for the use of the land; insolvent is working on the farm, grubbing stumps out; the grubbing does not bring in any money; he is doing it for himself; the dray and horses are my own property; I am not protecting them from insolvent's creditors; I let insolvent have the use of the team, because I lived with him; I saw a breechloading gun at insolvent's place; I last saw it two or three months ago; I do not know where it has gone to; James told me he had sold the gun to his brother Louis James, since deceased; I do not know who took the gun away from insolvent's premises; I have now got the land under crop, and have the use of the dray and my board for nothing, all at the expense of the insolvent.
Thomas Besnard deposed: I was part manager of the butchering business of S L Besnard, of Yass; I know the insolvent; he was indebted to S L Besnard in the sum of ?20-1-6; in the month of June last I instructed Mr West, the bookkeeper, to collect the amount; I also tried to collect it myself; I had a conversation with insolvent; I went out to his residence, in company with Mr West, about the 20th June last; Michael Whelan was at insolvent's residence; I asked insolvent to give me the security he had spoken to West about; I asked him about the dray and horses he had offered to West as security; he said, "they are not mine;" I said, "why did you want to sell two of the horses to me the other day;" he said, "I could not sell them to you, as they were not mine now;" insolvent offered to sell me the horses about the middle of June; I wanted to purchase two draught horses, and seeing insolvent in the street with a dray and three horses I said, "do you want to sell either of the horses;" he said, "yes, you can have the horse in the shaft for ?15 and ?20 for the leading horse; I offered him ?15 for the leader; he said he would give me a trial if I would give him ?20 for the leader; when we had the conversation at insolvent's place, insolvent said, "I cannot let you have the horses now, as I gave a receipt for them to that young man, pointing to (Michael Whalen) about two months ago; he then told me he was insolvent, and I replied, "the receipt is no good"; I swear he said the receipt was given to Whalen two months ago;
To Mr Iceton: The conversation took place between the 20th June and 1st July; I did not know whether James was insolvent at the time; I did not know that he did not file his schedule until the 11th July.
Henry Augustus James deposed: I am the insolvent, in whose estate this meeting is being held; I have a wife and five children; the eldest is 9 years of age; since 1882 I have been farming and drawing wood into Yass; last season I had about 30 acres under crop; I put it in myself; I had 16 or 17 acres under hay; I made two stacks of the hay - eight tons in one stack, and fifteen in the other; I gave P. T. Crago a lien on the growing crop for ?40; I owed Crago about ?20 at the time I gave Crago the lien; the debt to Crago was increased to ?40 ; I owed Crago ?20 when I signed the lien; Crago afterwards gave another man ?20 on my account; It was agreed when I signed the Lien that Crago was to give J. H. P. Mallyon ?20 on my account; I sold Peter Johnston, of Yass, about two tons of the hay at ?4 per ton; I got permission from Crago to sell Johnston the first load of hay, but not the second; I sold Johnston the second load about a fortnight before my insolvency; I did not deliver the remainder of the hay; Crago took it away; I have had transactions with Mr Coen; I owed him about ?77 last March; I recollect Cohen asking me to pay my account; I told him I could not pay any money until I sold the hay; I told Coen I believed the hay would bring enough money to pay my way; I did not tell Coen in March last that I had a stack of hay that was not encumbered; I think Mr McEvoy was present; although Crago had a lien I gave Coen a lien over one of the stacks; the lien was not read over to me before I signed it; I never said to Coen that there was one stack more than would pay Crago, and he could have a lien over it; I swear there was nothing sold by me about putting in a crop this year; I did ask Coen not to press me for payment until July; my reason, as stated to Coen at the time, was that I thought my hay would bring a greater price; I told Coen I could not bring in the hay until the ploughing was over; I did not lead Mr Coen to believe it was Whalen's ploughing I meant; I swear Coen never attempted to stop my credit; I got goods from Coen after this conversation; my credit was never stopped; I did not authorise my wife to get anything from Coen; my wife was refused some goods by Mr Coen; there are a dray horses, and harness at my place; they never belonged to me; I first had them in my possession during the year 1882; I bought the horses; I got the receipt for the black horse; I bought a bay mare from Fields, but got no receipt; I got a brown horse from George Whalenin a swop; I got no receipt from either Fields or Whalen; I paid ?8-15-0 for one horse, ?12 for the second, and the third one is worth ?4 or ?5; the dray cost ?17; the harness cost about ?6; before I commenced to buy the horses I had about ?12 or ?13; I got a loan of ?13 from Whalen; no one but Whalen and myself were present when I asked him for the loan; Whalen was working on the line at the time; the money was all in notes; Whalen took it out of his pocket to give it to me; my name was put on the dray when it was made; I told the man to make a dray for me; I gave Whalen no receipt for the money when he gave it to me; the ?30 was to be paid back to Whalen in about six or seven monthsfrom the time the loan was made; I gave Whalen a receipt for the horses, dray, and harness, which cost me ?46, for his claim of ?30; when Whalen asked me to pay him the ?30 back, I told him I could not repay him, and then gave him the receipt; Whalen has made my place his home for the last four or five years; I kept him; he paid nothing for his board; I swear the receipt was given to Whalen in January1883; the receipt was written in my house; I do not know if my wife was present; The dray and horses were left in my charge, and I was to work them all the same; I might have said to Whalen it would be better to take my name off the dray; I never erased my name from the dray; it is about one month since the name was erased off the dray - about a week before my insolvency; I remember meeting Mr Besnard in Cooma street, Yass, a short time ago; I was driving the team; Mr Besnard wanted to buy the leading horse; I told him I would sell it to him; he asked me what I would take for the leader; I said ?30; he said the price was too high, and he would not give it; he did not offer me a price for the shaft horse; I did not tell him he could have the shaft horse for ?15; I would not have taken ?30 for the leader without consulting Whalen; I offered to take ?30 for the leader; I am not doing any work at present; I told Whalen I was not going to put any crop in this year; I swear I have no interest in the present crop; I did plough some of the land; I was about a week ploughing altogether; Whalen was ploughing also; he paid me 20s. for the week's work, and I found him in board and lodging; Whalen is cultivating about 30 acres; I am not in a position to support my wife and family; I bought a breechloading gun from Mr Coen a short time ago, at a cost of ?12-2 6; I sold the gun to my brother Louis James about two months ago; Mallyon had a judgement against me in the District Court, but I do not know whether I sold the gun after the judgement or not; my brother took the gun to the back country with him; he gave me ?8-10-0 in cash, and was to send me ?4 more; my brother is since dead;
To Mr Iceton: Whalen never paid me anything for board and lodging during the four or five years he has resided at my place.
To Mr Harper: I do not know whether there was any deed with references to the land prior to the one produced.

This concluded the business of the meeting 
James, Henry Augustus (I3699)
 
106

Intercolonial.

[Through Greville's Telegram Co.]

SYDNEY.

Monday.

A telegram from Yass states that Mr. James Mote, for many years a hotelkeeper, died yesterday morning. 
Mote, James Frederick (I18)
 
107

Iram and his family emigrated to the USA and landed in San Francisco, California on 12 January 1901, having benn asked to go there by Mrs Ellen G White.

Iram and his wife Christian became Seventh-Day Adventist during the time that Ellen White was in Australia. Due to financial conditions at the time and the fact that he wouldn't work on the Sabbath, they lost their farm. They went to live in Cooranbong, NSW and almost starved. According to Arthur L White's book "Ellen G White: The Australian Years", "They had nothing to feed their four children but wild berries", p.330. When Mrs White moved back to the USA the James family went with her 
James, Iram (I1667)
 
108

It's been a long, long road for Walter
By David Uren

Mr Walter Oakley drives a vintage car and rides a 50-year-old bicycle.
He's not a collector. It's just that he has had them both for a very long time.
Mr Oakley is 90. His wife is also 90. She does not mind him riding a bike but she is not too keen about him driving.
"But I don't nag him and he doesn't drive too fast," she said.
"I got my licence in 1908," said Mr Oakley. "To get it I just rode my motorcycle into the Camperdown police station and the policeman said he supposed I could drive and gave me a licence for half a crown."
Present day drivers? "I suppose they're all right but a lot of the young ones like to show off a bit," he said.
"I'm still fit," said Mr Oakley. "I suppose it's because I've been contented - and I have a good wife."
"And another reason is that the pubs wouldn't exist if they depended upon us," added Mrs Oakley.
"We're good old Methodist church-goers," she said. "We haven't had a lot of pennies but we've been happy and contented." 
Oakley, Walter (I213)
 
109

James Brogan and his wife Ellen Horan whom he married in 1815, lived on five acres of rented land in Cappabane. In the adjoining townland of Shean lived Anthony Boland who had fourteen acres of rented land. In the townland of Fossabeg lived Daniel Dinan who rented a few acres in common with nine others. Across the river Bow in the townland of Magherareagh lived Patrick Durack and his wife Judith Bleach. This man was an uncle of Michael Durack ancestor of the Duracks of "Kings in Grass Castles " fame. For some unexplained reason he was never mentioned in Dame Mary Durack's best seller, first published in 1959.
In the townland of Sellernane , Mountshannon lived Patrick O'Dea and his wife. His subsequent actions were to change the lives of the above forever.Philip Reade, of Woodpark, owned half the parish of Mountshannon and was also a successful barrister. He had a magnificent country house with landscaped gardens overlooking Holy Island and Lough Derg. He was by all accounts a benevolent landlord, particularly in later years during the Great Hunger.
On St Patrick's night 1824, Brogan, Durack, Dinan, Boland, O'Dea and one Patrick Tuohy, for some unexplained reason broke into Philip Reade's house with the sole intention of murdering him. They shot him in the chest and shoulder and presumed he was dead. For months Philip Reade lay dangerously ill while the best surgeons in the country attended him.
The military and yeomanry scoured the countryside for his attackers and offered fifty pounds for information. No one in this part of the country was more despised than the informer and no one more deserving of the curse "may the hearthstone of hell be your bed forever." For two years the search continued until finally one of the party Patrick O'Dea informed the authorities.
There was a lot of interest in the trial but still no motive was given or at least reported. Patrick O'Dea stated that it was James Brogan who set it up and to divert suspicion they pretended to quarrel in the ensuing weeks. O'Dea was to accuse Brogan of having an affair with his wife, and this would prevent the neighbours from having any suspicions. No witness was called for the defence and after about twenty minutes the jury returned with a guilty verdict. The judge with spine chilling solemnity then said "You James Brogan, Patrick Durack, Anthony Boland, and Patrick Tuohy are to be taken from hence, to the place from whence you came and from thence to the place of execution and there you are to hang by the necks until you are dead - and may God almighty have mercy on your souls"
A few days before the intended execution they were all reprieved. No reason was given and they were sent as convicts to New South Wales. On Tuesday May 28th 1827 under strong escort they passed through Ennis on their way to the hulk "Surprise", lying at anchor at the cove of Cork. 
Brogan, James (I39666)
 
110

Jeremiah built his own home and all of his furniture. Some of the furniture is now with the Yass Historical Society.

The family grazed about 1600 head of sheep on crown land adjoining their home. Before shearing, the sheep were washed in full wool in the Boorowa River.

William Mills began a carrying business at Yass with his friend Jeremiah. The two friends conducted the business to augment their income because they found the times hard and, even if their land did produce, it was difficult to find buyers for their produce.

The round trip to Brickfield Hill from Yass took about three months with heavily laden wagons, and usually involved a stay in the Bargo Bush area. Jeremiah used to carry a grease pot swinging on the back of the wagon to grease it. He collected his money in gold sovereigns and put it on the bottom of the grease pot, melted the grease and put it in the pot, keeping only a few shillings out for his expenses on the road 
Crossley, Jeremiah (I20)
 
111

JOHN BRADFIELD
1867-1943
The engineer who altered the face of Sydney

For more than fifty years Sydney has been symbolized by a majestic arch of steel - the Harbour Bridge. But the bridge is also the symbol of one man's daring imagination. Dr John Job Crew Bradfield spent years persuading reluctant governments and firing the enthusiasm of ordinary citizens to create the public support needed to make the massive project a reality. Fittingly the bridge road surface carries his name and every day tens of thousands of motorists make their crossing of the harbour by way of the Bradfield Highway, mostly unaware of the source of the name.
Bradfield was born on Boxing Day 1867, at Sandgate in Queensland. His father, John Edward Bradfield, had fought in the Crimean War and arrived in Australia in 1857. Bradfield senior spent his working life as a labourer and the family was never affluent. The young Bradfield was first educated at North Ipswich State School and after winning a scholarship he transferred to Ipswich Grammar School. Top of his school in his final year, Bradfield won a Queensland government scholarship to attend Sydney University, one of only three such scholarships offered each year. At university he took a Bachelor of Engineering degree, graduating in 1889 with first class honours and winning the university medal. He returned to Brisbane and was employed as a draughtsman in the office of the Queensland government's chief railways engineer. But Bradfield was sacked in 1891 as part of government cost-cutting measures in response to the economic depression which had overtaken all the Australian colonies.
Moving south, Bradfield found work with the New South Wales Department of Public Works. He was fortunate to be employed so quickly because in the same year he married Edith Jenkins and began a family which eventually grew to five sons and a daughter. He also commenced postgraduate studies at Sydney University, graduating as Master of Engineering with first class honours in 1896 and again winning the university medal. Along the way he helped found the Sydney University Engineering Society in 1895. President of the Society in 1903, he was already giving thought to a bridge across the harbour as he mentioned in his presidential address of that year.
When a Royal Commission sat in 1909 to consider improvements to the city of Sydney and its suburbs, Bradfield put forward a scheme for an underground railway to his superiors in the Public Works Department. His initiative on this score eventually earned him the post of engineer in charge of the newly created Sydney Harbour Bridge and City Transit Branch of the Department. At last Bradfield was free to devote himself solely to planning the great improvements he envisaged to Sydney's transport system. To bring his ideas up to date the state government sent him on a world tour in 1914 to investigate contemporary trends in metropolitan railway construction.
The next year Bradfield submitted to the government a Report on the Proposed Electric Railways of Sydney. The report discussed in detail the need to electrify the suburban rail network, construct an underground city railway and build a bridge across the harbour. His report prompted the government to pass the City and Suburban Railways Bill of 1915. The momentum for this development was choked by the growing crisis of the world war, and shortly after the bill was passed the Railway Commissioners announced that the electrification work would be postponed for five years because of the need to concentrate public funds on the war effort. Work on the city railway was halted in 1917 for the same reason.
His vision seemingly at a dead-end, Bradfield shared his ideas on Sydney's transit needs with those attending Australia's first town planning conference held in Adelaide in October 1917. He told his audience that by 1950 Sydney could have a population of two and a quarter million people and that good planning dictated that a transport system to cope with this population should be built soon. At that time the city's population was less than one million. Bradfield argued that efficient, rapid urban transit schemes were most beneficial to ordinary people and that with the scheme he proposed 'there should be a more efficient service, reduction in working expenses, cheaper fares and quicker transit, thus enabling workers to reside further afield and enjoy fresh air and sunlight'.
Over the next few years Bradfield took every opportunity to publicise his scheme in order to revive government support. He used magazine and press articles and public addresses to various conferences and meetings to win public opinion to his side. He scored a partial victory n February 1922 when work resumed on the city railway after the Railway Commissioners added their weight to Bradfield's appeals.
Complete success came in October that year when the Nationalist government passed the Sydney Harbour Bridge Bill. The Minister for Public Works, R. T. Ball, paid special tribute to Bradfield when introducing the bill into parliament.

Mr Bradfield is looked upon not only in Australia, but in the engineering profession throughout the world, as one of the most competent men associated with bridge work, and I do not know of any man who could be better qualified to advise the government in regard to the design of the bridge.
The government placed Bradfield in charge of devising a set of official designs within which tenders for building the bridge were to be confined. Bradfield was then given the task of selecting the successful tender from the six companies that put forward plans.
Bradfield eventually recommended a design from the English firm Dorman, Long and Company which was priced at ?4 217 722. This company already had steel fabricating works in Sydney so was well placed to meet the local content provisions in, the contract. Indeed the bridge was wholly fabricated at Milson's Point and its support piers were faced with Moruya granite using Nepean River sand and local cement. It was also entirely constructed by local labour, a fact which pleased the opposition Labor party.
In 1924 Bradfield rounded off his academic awards when he took a Doctorate of Engineering from Sydney University. Not surprisingly his thesis was on 'The City and Suburban Electric Railway and the Sydney Harbour Bridge'.
Excavation work began on the bridge in January 1925 and then approaches and pylons were constructed. In June 1928 the arch was begun. Built from each shore, the span met in the middle in August 1930. During its progress Sydneysiders were fascinated by the steady expansion of the two sides and the engineering marvel accomplished when they finally met to form a single gracious curve. With the arch complete the much quicker job of hanging the deck of the bridge began.
In January 1932 the contractors handed over the completed structure to the Department of Public Works. At this stage Bradfield supervised safety tests. In one spectacular test ninety-two railway locomotives were shunted onto the bridge, which withstood their combined weight of 8300 tonnes. A test of another kind took place on 16 March, three days before the official opening, when school children were given a special preview and 100000 of them crossed the bridge.
Newspapers of the day estimated that one million people watched the opening ceremony on 19 March 1932 and that the suburbs of the city were deserted. Bradfield was with the official party as the governor, Sir Philip Came, named the bridge highway after him. The united pride felt by all Sydneysiders was expressed by The Labor Daily which said in its editorial:

Today is the day of days, when political differences forgotten, New South Wales unites in the glorification of Our Bridge, an added attraction to Our Harbour. The building of this gigantic bridge is just as much a national milestone as Anzac.

His great work completed, Bradfield retired from the Public Works Department in July 1933. Running parallel with the bridge construction Bradfield had also overseen development of the city's underground railway, which began operation in 1926 with the opening of Museum and St James stations.
Retirement for Bradfield meant a chance to shift the scene of his activities. In 1934 he became consultant engineer on a project to bridge the Brisbane River. Work began the following year and the Story Bridge was opened in 1940. He was also technical adviser to the builders of the Hornibrook Highway in south-east Queensland, as well as contributing to the planning of the University of Queensland's new campus at St Lucia.
Bradfield died in September 1943. No other Australian has left so impressive a physical monument to celebrate his creative energies. The Harbour Bridge is a constant reminder of the enormous individual impact John Bradfield made on the appearance and development of modern Sydney.
 
Bradfield, John Job Crew (I11374)
 
112

John Kirk was tried before Justice Johnston on 27th March 1822 (Lent Assizes) having in his possession, "a cow sworn to be stolen" and was sentenced to be transported for seven years. Despite a petition in June 1822 sent by Kirk to the Marquis of Wellesley, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, he was transferred to the 'gaol of Kilmainham'. Further character references sent in October of that year failed to bring about his release, but reveal more information about the prisoner and his confinement. In one, George Birch, J.P., and Minister of the parish of, Comber, states that, "I have known John Kirk, parish clerk and schoolmaster, for many years and certify him a man of excellent character". The curate of Kilclief, Samuel Burdy, states that "he was both parish clerk and schoolmaster in this parish for one year ending first May 1814 and that in both capacities his conduct gave satisfaction to my parishioners of every description", while J. Nelson D.D., Downpatrick, tells us that "John Kirk is properly qualified to teach an English school and gives close attention to his duty". While confined in Down County Gaol, John Kirk seems to have been a model prisoner. From the Reverend Richard Maunsell, Local, Inspector of Down Gaol, we learn that "the petitioner has behaved himself with the greatest, propriety during his confinement. His conduct was worthy of imitation". The Gaol Chaplain, Reverend A. Bullock, echoes these views and he reports the he (John Kirk) "has three different times in a pious and exemplary manner received the sacrament of the Lord's Supper at my hands". Despite further glowing testimonials by John McCoubery, Medical Attendant of Down Gaol.. Wm. Johnston Esq, James Richardson, Sidney H. Rowan and others, John Kirk was transferred to Kilmainham Gaol, Dublin. Furthermore we learn from a statement by Hugh Gray, Keeper, Downpatrick Gaol, that the "petitioner's conduct during the march from Downpatrick to Kilmainham was very good and regular".

A petition from Kilmainham, dated 1st February 1823 and signed by John Kirk gives further insights into his character and additional family information:- "Memorialist humbly craves of your Excellency to experience a small share of your clemency in alleviating in the small measure memorialist distress, as he was brought up formerly to habits of industry, he humbly hopes that your Excellency will be pleased to place memorialist in the penitentiary for whatever time your Excellency may think proper, which will leave your humble memorialist wife; and two infant children as in duty bound ever to pray." (Mrs. James, from her own genealogical research, believes that John, born c 1789 married Isabella Robinson, baptised 9.8.1794 Broadmills, Down, father John Robinson, mother Elizabeth. Mrs. James has traced a William Kirk; baptised. 30.3.1814, Inch, Down, father John Kirk, mother Isabella Robinson, She believes that it was this William and his young brother George who were left behind in Ireland with their mother when John Kirk was transported). A third petition sent to the Lord Lieutenant, despite having been signed by the chief noblemen and gentlemen of that county (Down)' again failed to halt transportation procedure as John Kirk was transferred to the 'Earl St. Vincent' in Cork.

On 27th April 1823, Robert Tainsh, the doctor on board the 'Earl St. Vincent' reports that John Kirk had been very ill for the chief part of the eight weeks which he had been on board "which renders him entirely unfit for the voyage". During this time Dr. Tainsh had appointed him schoolmaster as he had "formed the most favourable opinion of him". John Kirk was to spend the next four months in the Cork penitentiary. During this time he acted as church clerk and schoolmaster, conducting himself "to the satisfaction of the different officers of the prison".

He was then placed on board the convict hulk 'Surprise' in Cork Cove, where he was to stay for the next five months. In yet another petition, dated 19th September 1823 from the 'Surprise', the reader can sense a note of desperation as John Kirk once again asks the Lord Lieutenant for clemency. "Petitioner most humbly state that from the anxious thoughts, for the welfare of his helpless wife and two infant children he has left without any means of support added to his own sufferings both by land, and sea, render petitioner truly 'an object of compassion. He therefore most earnestly prays you to take his lamentable case into your accustomed human consideration and grant him the smallest share of your unbounded clemency, that has so often distinguished your illustrious name. The least mitigation of said sentence would alleviate the throbbings of a broken heart and dry the tears of distress and leave your humble petitioner, his wife and two infants as deeply bound in duty".

This final plea obviously failed as John Kirk was eventually transported to Australia on board the 'Prince Regent'. From a request made by Captain R. P. Stewart of Parramatta on 26th October 1825 for the Governor of New South Wales, Sir Thomas Brisbane, to grant Kirk a ticket of leave, we discover that he was appointed schoolmaster on board and that "his attention to the children during a period of six months, as well as his general conduct, was most, exemplary". Captain Stewart, having observed Kirk's conduct at Parramatta, made a strong case for his release. The following year, John Kirk petitioned Governor Darling of New South Wales, asking for his wife Isabella and two small sons to be given free passage out to Australia. This was unsuccessful, and in 1833 he married Elizabeth Quinn (a convict from County Antrim) and had seven children. John Kirk died on 9th March, 1855 aged 66 years 
Kirk, John (I6010)
 
113

JONES - LOITERTON

A very pretty wedding eventuated in the Johnston street Methodist Church, Annandale, on June 26, when Edna May, second daughter of Mr. and Mrs. R. H. Loiterton, of "Sunnyside." Dirna- seer, was wed to Arthur Bissell, young- est son of Mr. and, Mrs. G. A. Jones, of Nowra, the Rev. Johnston , officiating.

The bride, who was given away by her father, was charmingly gowned in magnolia satin, trimmed with self buttons at the back, and tight fitting sleeves; and she carried a dainty bouquet of roses and sweet peas. Marjorie, sister of the bride, was brides maid, and wore a frock of pink geor gette, with bouquet to match. Mr. Reg. Loiterton, brother of the bride, acted as best man. Later Mrs. Loiter- ton, who wore a black tailored costume, with white accessories, assisted by Mrs. McMahon, of Newcastle (sister of the bridegroom), received a large number of guests of the Guides' Hall,Leichhardt, where the usual toasts were honored in the happiest manner.

The beautiful three-tired cake was made by O'Shea's, of Cootamundra.

Later the happy couple left for Ka toomba, where the honeymoon was spent. Their future home will be at Nowra.
 
Family F1608
 
114

Kemp House is the oldest surviving European building in New Zealand. The Stone Store is the country's oldest surviving stone building. Kemp House was built by the Reverend John Gare Butler in 1821-22 as a mission house. From 1824-31 the house was occupied by the lay missionary George Clarke and from mid-1832 by blacksmith and lay missionary James Kemp and his family. The mission was closed in 1848, but the Kemps stayed on, eventually buying the house from the CMS. Their descendants lived there until 1974 when Ernest Kemp presented the house and its contents to the New Zealand Historic Places Trust.

The First European Familes

There was much excitement when the first European families arrived to take up residence. The flat-bottomed punt laden with the settlers and their chattels was towed into Kerikeri by two Maori canoes on the morning of 21 December 1819. Those first settlers were the Rev. John Butler, his wife Hannah, their eighteen-year-old son Samuel, two-year-old daughter Hannah, and their servant Richard Russell; James and Charlotte Kemp; William and Margery Puckey, their son William Gilbert aged fourteen years and three daughters, Caroline, Elizabeth and Jane; Sarah and William Fairburn; William and Elizabeth Bean with their young son William, born in Australia in 1817 and their very young baby George Thomas, born at Rangihoua on 21 October.

On the foreshore, near where the Tea Rooms are today, was a blacksmith's shop, 21 feet by 15 feet and a long building, 60 feet by 15 feet, designed to be a store. Charlotte and James Kemp and Francis Hall moved into the blacksmith's shop while the others, eighteen people in all, took up residence in the store. Living in such crowded and primitive conditions, carrying water from the nearby stream, cooking (at first) out of doors must have been very trying, particularly for the women. For the young mother, Elizabeth Bean, nursing a two-week old baby with another very young child, it was particularly stressful; then, some six months later their three-year-old, William, died (12 July 1820). Three months after their arrival, Sarah Fairburn was delivered of a son, Richard Alexander, on 29 March 1820 
Family F491
 
115

Land Grants

1799Book 2B Grants by Governor Hunter

No. 897James Bean Nov 12Granted 100 acres in the district of Toongabbie.
Rent: 2 shillings per year commencing after 5 years.
REMARKS
By 1802 12 acres had been cleared and a further 12 acres were in wheat and maize. He had 1 sheep, 5 goats, 8 hogs and a family of seven living off stores. 
Bean, James Thomas John (I132)
 
116

Last Member of Birregurra Pioneer Family

Passing of Mrs Anna M Parkinson

With the death at Benalla on June 20 of Mrs Anna M Parkinson, the last remaining member of a pioneer Birregurra family passed. The late Mrs Parkinson was a daughter of the late William and Mary Martin who, with Mrs Martin's parents, Matthew and Hannah Farndale, came to Australia in 1853 and settled in a property near Birregurra on the Warncoort road.

For many years the home and orchard "Hawthorne" was a well-known landmark, but was destroyed by the fire of 1901. Several ancient trees, including a cypress and a hawthorne hedge, still mark the spot, though all traces of the house have gone.

There was a family of five girls and three boys. The first break occurred in 1943 when William J M Martin died, aged 82 years. At that time the average age of the eight was 80 years and nine months.

The late Mrs Parkinson taught school at Warncoort nearly 80 years ago and subsequently at Gerangamete. She married the late W T Parkinson nearly 70 years ago and resided for many years at Portland, where he was practising his profession as a dentist. There were no children of the marriage. Upon her husband's death about 30 years ago, Mrs Parkinson went to live with her sister at Camperdown and later resided at Rushworth. Until less than a year ago, she was in full possession of the faculties and corresponded regularly with relatives and friends. She sustained a broken leg some time ago and never fully recovered. She was highly esteemed by those who knew her, but her circle of acquantances had naturally become limited by the passage of the years.

The interment took place in the Warncoort cemetery on June 22 in the presence of her immediate relatives. The service was conducted by the Rev H Small.

In the Warncoort cemetery are the graves of the late Mrs Parkinson's parents and her grandparents, Matthew and Hannah Farndale. The late Mr Farndale died at the age of 90 years in 1884 and his wife was 85 when she died in 1892. Mrs Parkinson's mother was 91 when she died; one sister was 95; another 92; another was 84. The youngest died at the age of 77. The men of the family did not live to such a great age, the oldest being 89 when he died; the others were 82 and 83 respectively.

It is interesting to record that the late Mr Farndale was closely associated with the development of the Methodist Church in the district and took a very active part in the work during his long life. He was a member of an old Yorkshire family, and a descendant, Dr W E Farndale, who was president of the English Methodist Conference in 1947 and was in 1950 Moderator of the Free Church Federal Council in England. Other members of the family still live in Yorkshire, where there is a village named Farndale. 
Martin, Anna Maria (I126)
 
117

LATE MR. CHAS LOITERTON

One of the largest funerals in Cootamundra was that of yesterday, when the remains of the late Mr. C. Loiterton, aged 88, were laid to rest in the Methodist portion of the Cootamundra cemetery.

Rev. W. L. I. Arnold (Presbyterian) who conducted the funeral service (Rev. J. H. Sorrell was away at the Methodist conference), made kindly references to the deceased as one who had a fine Christian character; and judging by the very large gathering at the funeral, he was held in the highest esteem.

The clergyman went on to speak to the text, "Let not your heart be troubled." As the disciples experi- enced a sorrowful time when, for the last time, they met the Master, so this parting was a sad experience for the many relatives of the late Mr. Loiterton. His hospitality to many had been appreciated, and this was greatly reciprocated by deceased, and especially in the days of his sickness. His death was the glorious sunset of a noble life. It had been a privilege to visit him during the past week and learn of his mind with regard to spiritual realities. Now he was

Safe in the arms of Jesus;
Safe on His gentle breast;
There, by His love o'ershadower,
Sweetly his soul doth rest.

 
Loiterton, Charles (I501)
 
118

LAWLER -SHEATIIER A pretty wedding was celebrated at St. Saviour's Cathedral, Goulburn, on Friday, January, 25, at 7 p.m. when Rita Mary, second daughter of Mr. and Mrs. C. H. Sheather, of Landsdowne Estate, Goulburn, was married to Hillary Joseph Lawler, elder son of Mrs. M. E. Lawler and the late Mr. P. J. Lawler, also of Lansdowne Estate. Rev. N. Edwards performed the ceremony.

The bride entered the church with her father, who gave her away. She made a charming picture in her frock of white cloque and hand embroidered veil held in place with a coronet of orange blossom. Her sheaf consisted of white gladioli.

The bridegroom's sister, Mrs. M. Kelly, was matron of honour and looked charming in a blue crepe georgette frock. Her head dress was of blue net and she carried a sheaf of pink gladioli.

The bridegroom's friend, Mr. Leslie Crisp, was best man. The reception was held at the home of the bride's parents where the bride's mother assisted by the bridegroom's mother received 30 guests. Mrs. Sheather chose a frock of pink crepe with a shoulder spray of frangipanni and the bridegroom's mother wore a frock of navy crepe and a shoulder spray of frangipanni. Mr. and Mrs. Lawler will make their future home in Goulburn.
 
Family F9653
 
119

LENON- SHEATHER.

At St. John's Church yesterday afternoon, the Rev. H. F. Champion celebrated the marriage of Mr. Bert. Lenon, son of Mr. and Mrs. John Lenon, of Victoria, and Miss Elsie Sheather, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. J. K. Sheather, of Nangus.
 
Family F5138
 
120

Letter to the Commissioners of the Navy
Whitehall, 12th Jan. 1798

It being proposed to send the persons whose names are on the enclosed list to the settlement of New South Wales.

I am directed by the Duke of Portland to desire you will move the Lords Commanders of his Majesty's Treasury to inform the Commissioners of the Navy thereof and to direct the Board to acquaint their Lordships whether the whole number of such persons or what portion thereof can be accommodated on board the Buffalo now under orders for that settlement.

Your most humble and obedient servant

J King


ABOVEMENTIONED LIST

1. John William Lewin and wife Carpenter
2. JamesThomas John Bean, his wife Elizabeth (Betty)
Bean and children Elizabeth 15, Rose 12, James 10,
Ann 8, William 5.Carpenter
3. John Hanson, his wife Ann Hanson, Dinah Shore 18
and children John 6, Henry 3, and Mary 1.Carpenter
4. James Harrison, his wife and 3 children.Carpenter
5. William Wheeler, his wife and 2 children.Millwright


REMARKS
The above list does not include all the passengers who arrived on the Buffalo. For example, Thomas Bradley and family are not mentioned. It would seem the Bean and Bradley families were closely associated. James Thomas John Bean and Thomas Bradley both signed the Terms of Settlement Letter. They received adjoining grants of land at Toongabbie on 12/11/1799. When James Thomas John Bean (Junior) married Esther Short at St Phillips Church, Elizabeth Bradley (a daughter of Thomas Bradley) was one of the witnesses. Elizabeth Bradley latter married William Bean, the youngest son of John Thomas John Bean (senior). William Lewin did not actually sail on the Buffalo although his wife did. William came on a later ship.
 
Bean, James Thomas John (I132)
 
121

LOITERTON - PALMER

On Friday evening, 26th Novembe, at Christ Church, Cootamundra, the marriage was solemnised of Mavis, eldest daughter of Mr. and Mrs. W. J. Palmer, and Clinton, elder son of Mr. and Mrs. S. Lolterton, both of Cootamundra. The bride is serving with the A.I.F. (Cpl., A.A.M.W.S), and the bridegroom with the R.A.A.F. (LAC., medical section).

The bride, who was given away by her father, wore an elegant frock of white satin, cut with a full train, and her mother's wedding veil, and carried a bouquet of November lilies.

Her two bridesmaids were her sisters Betty and Gwen, who wore green taffeta frocks, and carried bouquets of pink sweet peas.

The bridegroom was attended by P/O R. Gehrig and F/Sgt. B. Farrell. The service was sung by Christ, Church Choir, and Mrs. Crowe was organist.

The celebrant of the marriage was Rev. Harold Palmer (Chaplain, A.I.F.), the bride's brother. Members of the choir and Cootamundra V.As. formed a guard of honour.

The wedding had been planned for mid-December, but had to be hastily arranged when the bridegroom's leave was altered. The bride's mother was called, away urgently two days earlier, because of her brother's serious illness. For this reason, the reception as planned was not held, but a few friends gathered at the bride's home after the ceremony.

After a brief honeymoon at Katoomba, the bride and groom will return to their units.
 
Family F941
 
122

MAGISTERIAL INQUIRY AT COLLECTOR
On Wednesday evening Mr O'Brien, coroner, received a report from Collector that Mrs Margaret Cahill, a widow living alone near that place and an old resident of the district, had been found in her house. As there were some appearances leading to the supposition that the place had been ransacked and this gave rise to suspicions of foul play, it was deemed necessary to hold a magisterial inquiry,- which was done yesterday by Mr O'Brien accordingly. Evidence, which conclusively proved that death proceeded from natural causes and that th suspicions of foul play were unfounded, was adduced as follows; Bridget McInerney of the Collector Hotel sister of the deceased, deposed that deceased was born in County Clare, Ireland; she was a widow, and was, witness believed, 72 years of age; witness had heard her say she had suffered from a water-flush, but with that exception she had good health; some years ago she complained an consulted a doctor in Goulburn; witness had not seen her since the beginning of the year; she lived alone she possessed some horses and cattle; witness was present when the police found the body, and noticed the bedroom of the deceased; clothes were thrown about the floor ; but witness thought deceased had done it herself; they were dirty clothes; deceased had no valuables in the house that the witness was aware of; witness had been in the habit of assisting her with cash; at one time she said that she would come down to live with them, and then she said that she preferred to live alone; she had left 5 children, all married and grown up.
Elizabeth McKinlay, residing at Taradale near Collector, deposed that she had known deceased for nearly 30 years 
Brogan, Margaret (I12025)
 
123

MAN CHARGED WITH SERIOUS ATTEMPT AT CRIMINAL ASSAULT

Albert Leonard Simmons, 37 cook at Riverside Hostel, was charged with intent to commit a serious of fence, indecent assault, and common assault in the ACT Supreme Court before Mr Justice Simpson tester day.

The case is part heard.

Mr Phippard (for the accused) submitted that the acts were caused in a period of temporary insanity, brought about by drunkenness.

Marie Rochford said that the accused entered her house while she was in bed and struggled with her, placing his hands on her throat. She scratched his face. Exhausted she fell back at which the man released her. She lashed out with her feet knocking him on to another bed and attempted to escape. He caught her and another struggle took place before she broke away to rush to a neighbours home.

Catherine Nellie Schiller said that earlier in the evening the accused had entered her house and made an indecent suggestion. She ordered him from the premises and rushed outside for assistance.

Robert Bertram Mutch said he and his son had found the accused in the grounds of his home after a complaint by his wife. A few minutes later Mrs Schiller rushed to his door in a nervous state as a result of which he and his son searched the district.

They heard a woman screaming for help and running towards the shouts caught the accused whom they datained until the police arrived.

Constable John Aloysius McSperrin said that, when interviewed at the police station next morning the accused did not deny he had committed a serious offence on a woman.

The accused said he had had 12 schooners that afternoon and assisted two others to drink a bottle of whisky. He did not remember any thing after boarding a vehicle, until he was being questioned by a police sergeant at 1.30 am -five hours after leaving the hostel.

Edward Laurence Quirk camp steward at the hotel said he had acted as barman for a party in his room in which Simmons had been drinking whisky neat. Simmons was very drunk when he left.

John Gobbitt Henderson, chef at the hostel said he had been drinking with Simmons and the accused was very drunk when he left for the party. 
Mutch, Robert Bertram (I222)
 
124

MAN COMMITTED FOR ATTEMPT AT SERIOUS OFFENCE

Albert Leonard Simmons, 35, a cook, who was formerly employed at the Riverside Hostel, was com- mitted for trial at the A.C.T. Supreme Court on May 12, by Mr. T. Brooke, S.M., at the Canberra Court of Petty Sessions yesterday on a charge of assaulting a young married woman, at Braddon on April 19, with intent to commit a serious offence.

The Police Prosecutor (Sgt. H. Grangell) asked the magistrate to direct that the names of female witnesses should not be published, but the magistrate replied that he had no power to make such a direction.

A married woman of Wise Street, Braddon, said that about 10.30 p.m. on April 19, she was in the kitchen of her home when she heard some- one come to the door. She looked up the hallway and saw a man going towards her bedroom. She identified the defendant as the man who entered her house.

Witness told the intruder to "get out" and he walked toward the door.

She pushed the man towards the door and then ran to a neighbour's house for assistance. "He was sober. He went too silently and too quickly to be anything but sober," she con- cluded.

Robert Bertram Mutch, of Ipima Street, Braddon, said that at 10.25 p.m. he saw a man leaning against a wall near his house. He directed him to Civic Centre. Later, a woman in a distressed condition came to his house. He searched with his son for the man he had seen previously and then rang the police. After the police arrived he saw the man and chased and caught him.

Another witness, a young married woman of Braddon, said that after she had gone to bed on Saturday, April 19, she heard a noise under the bedroom window. A few minutes later, she saw a man coming down the hallway near the kitchen.

Witness said that the man caught hold of her and placed his hands around her throat. She continued to struggle and could feel the grip of his hands tightening.

While struggling, she scratched him on the face. The assailant moved back and witness brought her foot up and kicked him in the face. He fell back on the other bed and she ran out to the kitchen, where a further struggle took place. Witness went to a neighbour's house for protection and the man ran away.

Dr. B. W. Monaghan said that at 12.5 a.m. on April 20, he examined the young married woman and found her suffering from shock and nervous tension. She had bruises and abrasions on the back of both shoulders and on the arms.

Constable McSperrin told how the defendant had been arrested. At the police station he replied that he "did not remember" when asked questions by Sergeant McKay and himself.

Constable McSperrin said that the defendant was sober. 
Mutch, Robert Bertram (I222)
 
125

MARRIAGE

LOITERTON - CROPPER.- On the 6th February, at Christ Church, Cootamundra, Frederick Joseph Loiterton, of 'Angeluka,' Yeo Yeo, to Ellen Cropper, late of Lancashire, England.
 
Family F567
 
126

MARRIAGE

LOITERTON- LEAHY.-- On 4th January, 1908, Robert Henry Loiterton (son of Mr. John Loiterton, of Rosemont, West Jindalee), to Nellie Leahy, (daughter of Mr. Jeremiah Leahy, Gundagai).
 
Family F1012
 
127

Marriage Announcements
On Monday last, at St. John's Church, Mr. John Mutch, Old-ball Tavern, to Miss Hargreaves, daughter of the late Mr. William Hargreaves, North Shore. 
Mutch, John (I34170)
 
128

Martin Farndale was born on 19 September 1845 at Fogga Farm near Skelton. His father, Martin, was working on the farm which belonged to James Taylor, his father-in-law. His mother, Elizabeth (nee Taylor) seems to have been James' only child and heiress. Martin was in fact the second son of Martin and Elizabeth. At the time of the 1851 census the young Martin listed is listed as grandson to the owner of the house he was living in (ie to James Taylor of Fogga); he was aged 5 and born at Skelton. Certainly his birth is recorded in Skelton Parish Register as "Born September 19th 1845 and baptised on October 20th 1845 as son of Martin Farndale." Although all his brothers recorded at Somerset House, Martin's birth is not recorded there. The family consisted of four boys, William (b1842), Martin (b1845), John (b1848) and Matthew (b1850).

Martin's eldest brother died at Skelton, aged 11, of inflammation of the chest on 29 January 1854. Martin was aged 9 at this time. He was probably going to school at Skelton. His father died at Guisborough on 12 July 1862 of empyma and at this time Martin was 17. There is a family story that his father had been kicked by a horse.

For the next 14 years it appears that Martin grew up in the Skelton/Brotton area. He probably went on working for his maternal grandfather for some time, taking on the responsibility of looking after his two younger brothers and his mother.

By 1877 however, Martin was described as a miner of Brotton on his marriage certificate. He married Catherine Jane Lindsay, daughter of Andrew Lindsay, a shoemaker of Darlington, at St Cuthbert's Church, Darlington on 7 July 1877. He was aged 31 and she was aged 28. The ceremony was witnesses by James Mattison and Polly Thompson and the service was conducted by the Reverend T E Hodgson vicar.

It appears that the newly wedded couple moved to a cottage at Kilton-Thorpe. According to Brotton Parish Register, their eldest son John was baptised on 17 February 1878 having been born 24 December 1877. He was born "to Martin and Catherine Jane Farndale of Kilton Thorpe, a miner." Their next child, a daughter, Elizabeth Lindsay was born two years later on 11 December 1879 and baptised at Brotton on 25 January 1850. Martin and Catherine were still living at Kilton Thorpe, but he was now described as a farmer. Their third child, Martin, was born on 8 June 1881 and was baptised at Brotton on 31 July 1881 and his parents were still at Kilton-Thorpe and described as farmers.

Sometime in the next two years Martin moved to Tranmire Farm near Whitby since his next two children were born there. There is a family story that Martin asked his brother Matthew to go to make a bid for Craggs Hall Farm near Brotton. The story goes that Matthew returned saying that he'd taken the farm - for himself! True or not that is where Matthew went and Martin went to Tranmire, a farm some ten miles along the road to Whitby - a poor moore farm near Ugthorpe situated on Roxby Moor. The other brother John spent his life working on the railway at Loftus. It was at Tranmire that their next son George was born in January 1883 and also their next daughter, Catherine Jane, named after her mother and always known as Kate; she was born on 16 June 1884.

But by the time James was born on 22 December 1885, the family had moved to Tidkinhowe farm on Stranghow Moor near Guisborough, an improvement on Tranmire. Eldest son John recalled driving sheep from Tranmire to Tidkinhowe when seven years old; this would mean 1884.

The young family were brought up at Tidkinhowe and the other six children were born there. William was born on 22 June 1887, but died only two years later on 19 July 1889. By this time Mary Frances had been born on 22 January 1889 and another son also to be called William, in January 1891. Two and a half years later came Grace Alice, named after her mother's sister and her mother's mother, Alice Lindsay. Then two years later Dorothy Annie was born on 24 May 1895 to be followed by the last and youngest child, Alfred on 5 July 1897.

By now Martin was 52 and his wife, Catherine still only 43. They continued to work the farm at Tidkinhowe and the eldest sons and daughters were now starting to work helping to look after the youngest who were going to school at Boosebeck. On 23 August 1903 Lynn (Elizabeth Lindsay) married George Barker and went to Tancred Grange near Scorton to live. John worked on the farm and in 18? Martin went to try his fortune in Western Canada, soon to be followed by his brother George in ?. The Canada bug hit the family hard and Kate went in ? to join her brothers; she never returned to England. In ? James followed though he was to spend his late life in the United States. Mary remained at home until she was married to George Brown in ? and went to live at ?. Meanwhile William had become a butcher at ?, but soon the Canada bug hit again and he went off to join his brothers in Canada, settling in Regina (?) in ?.

On 14 July 1911, Catherine Jane Farndale died at Tidkinhowe aged 56; she was buried at Boosebeck Parish Church. Martin was now alone at the farm, but surrounded by his family, though now five were in Canada, two (Lynne and Mary) were married and one, the first William, had died. John the eldest was on the farm and Grace, by now 18 and Dorothy 16 were there to help bring up the youngest, Alfred, aged 14.

When the war came in 1914 three of the boys became soldiers. James joined the American forces and fought in France. Soon he was joined by William, serving in the Canadian Army who was wounded near Ypres in 1917 and then by Alfred who served from 1916 to 1920 as a British soldier in the Machine-Gun Corps in France and Mesopotamia.

After the war James returned to America where in September 1917, he had married Edna Adams. William returned to Canada where he too intended to marry, but tragically he died on 20 November 1919 from the flu, contracted when he was still weak from his was wound. Alfred returned to Tidkinhowe in March 1920. But George Barker, Lynn's husband at Tancred Grange had died in ? and their young family wee unable to cope alone. Alfred went to help out and stayed until 1921 before he returned home to help at the farm. He remained at home until Martin died on 17 January 1928, aged 82, of pneumonia. Martin is buried beside Catherine Jane at Boosebeck Parish Church where there is an inscription which says "Catherine Jane Farndale, Died 14 July 1911 aged 56 years, also MARTIN, Beloved Husband of the above, Died 17 January 1928 aged 82 years of Tidkinhowe Farm." 
Farndale, Martin (I16575)
 
129

MARTIN-ERLANDSON (Silver Wedding).-On
the 30th September, 1897, at Colac, by the late Rev. Robert Brown. William John, eldest son of Mrs. Martin and the late William Martin, of "Hawthorne," Birregurra, to Irene, second daughter of the late Allan and Mary Erlandson, of Rae street, Colac. (Present address, "Iburn Ridge,' Wilby).
 
Family F99
 
130

MARTIN. - On the 22nd November, at St. Ann's Hospital. Yarrawonga, Irene, the be- loved wife of W. J. Martin, of Wilby, loving mother of Erland and Farndale, aged 68 years.
 
Erlandson, Irene (I391)
 
131

MARY ANN KING, PHOEBE DOUGLAS, ANN NORRIS, theft : simple grand larceny, 19th February, 1829.
The Proceedings of the Old Bailey Ref: t18290219-57
view a gif image of the original file
See original
Trial Summary:

* Crime(s): theft : simple grand larceny,
* Punishment Type: transportation,
(Punishment details may be provided at the end of the trial.)
* Verdict: Guilty, Guilty, Guilty,
* Other trials on 19 Feb 1829
* Name search for: MARY ANN KING, PHOEBE DOUGLAS, ANN NORRIS,
* Crime Location: Mile-end-road
* Associated Records...


Original Text:

583. MARY ANN KING , PHOEBE DOUGLAS , and ANN NORRIS , were indicted for stealing, on the 9th of February, 30 yards of printed cotton, value 19s. , the goods of James Compigne .

MARY COMPIGNE . I am the wife of James Compigne , a linen-draper, of Mile-end-road. About four o'clock on the 9th of February, King came and wished to look at some prints; I shewed her several - she said they were not genteel enough - I shewed her some others, and then she asked for some more; she offered me 1s. 4d. a yard for one which I asked 1s. 10d. for: after she had detained me about eight or ten minutes, the other two prisoners came in together, and wished to look at a print in the window, which was very difficult to get at; I asked them to take a seat, but King detained me so long that I went and gave them the gown-piece out of the window -I was there, perhaps, about three minutes; I then returned to King, and she said I knew her terms - I said I could not take it; she went out rather fast, and I went to the other two; they said the print I had shown them was not dark enough - Douglas said she was a poor servant, and had seven children, and hoped I would take as little as I could for two dresses - I offered to take off half-a-crown; she had a child which was very troublesome -Norris walked towards the door with it, and they went away; I then stood a bit, went into the parlour, and said I had lost something, I was sure I had, but I did not miss them till Brown, the officer, brought these prints the next day - they are the prints which I had shewn them; this is one which King said was not genteel enough - this one she said was only fit for children's frocks; this she did not like, and this was not enough to make a dress: the prisoners did not speak to each other to my knowledge, and none of them made any purchase.(Property produced and sworn to.)

JOHN BROWN . I am an officer. On the 9th of February, I saw Douglas and Norris, about ten minutes before five o'clock, on the opposite side of the street, and King was on the same side as I was, with a bundle: I and Waters stopped her at the corner of Church-street, Bethnal-green, and took her into the Adam and Eve public-house - we found all these articles on her, which she said she had bought of a tallyman, who came to her house; I asked if she could tell where he lived, and she said No; we then searched her, and she had no money - we brought her out again, crossed over, and took the other prisoners, and took them all into another public-house; King then said,

"Phoebe, have you been with me to-day?" Douglas said, "No, Nance, have you been with me to-day?" Norris said No; we took King, but let the other two go: but from further information we went again, and took them: last Saturday, as I was going up stairs at the office, I heard Douglas, whose voice I knew, call to a man in the lock-up place, and say, "George, it's all up," for the fatements were on them; he said, "Why did you not go in somewhere, and take them off?" she said, "We had not a bl-y farthing among us:" we took the prisoners about three-quarters of a mile from the prosecutor's.

THOMAS WATERS . I was with Brown, and saw Douglas and Norris on the opposite side of the way; I called Brown's attention to them, and at that moment we saw King with the bundle; we took her into the house, and found these things; I then went out, and overtook the other two about one hundred yards off - we found nothing on them, and let them go; but on the Thursday morning we went and took them again - we asked them if they had been in any shop with King: they said No.

KING'S Defence. I never was in the prosecutor's shop- I know nothing of these other women; the things were given me by a tallyman.

DUGLAS'S Defence. I never saw this lady before I was at Worship-street: what the officers have stated is false- they knew me for some time.

NORRIS' Defence. I was not on the same side of the way with King; the time I was first taken I had half a crown in my hand - I had been no higher than Bethnal-green school that day; I had not been in the road at all; on the Tuesday Waters met a lad in the Bethnal-green-road, he asked where I lived, and gave him brandy, and said if he told me of it he would police him.

KING - GUILTY . Aged 22.

DOUGLAS - GUILTY . Aged 29.

NORRIS - GUILTY . Aged 26.

Transported for Seven Years  
Douglas, Phoebe Elizabeth (I20500)
 
132

Memorial Service
Late Private [sic] W.T. Fisher

There was a large congregation at the Camperdown Methodist Church on Sunday evening last, when the Rev. T. Pollard James preached a sermon in memory of the late Sergeant W T Fisher. Many of the members of the I.O.R., in which organisation the deceased soldier was prominent and had held all the chief offices, were present. A special anthem was sung by the choir. The front of the pulpit was draped with the Union Jack. The service was a most impressive one.
During the course of his remarks the Rev James said:
"One of the June Quarterly tickets that I wrote with pride from the members roll of this church recently was that of our dear and now sainted hero, Sergeant W T Fisher, AIF. Our dear brother enlisted 3 years ago, July 1915, and had a long period of strenuous service with the Australian Army, first in Egypt and more particularly in France. He was born in Grasmere 29 years ago, but resided in Camperdown nearly all his life. He made heroic sacrifice, how great none can tell save those who have left a devoted wife, father, mother and young children, such as he, to fight the good fight. The amiable and sterling qualities which endeared him not only to his nearest and dearest, but to all who knew him, also caused a wounded Geelong boy to say 'we never knew a sergeant like him.' He by these manly qualities soon won deserved promotion at the front, and he has lived up to the noblest ideals of an Australian soldier and a Britisher. Wounded two years ago he made a rapid recovery and returned again to the firing line, and made with his brothers, wife and parents, a noble contribution to the cause of freedom. We commend his dear ones to the Heavenly Father, Who now has him in His keeping, another star shining in his Redeemer's crown." 
Fisher, Sergeant William Thomas (I215)
 
133

MEMORIAL SERVICE -It is not often a minister is called upon to hold a double memorial service, but on Sunday evening last this solemn duty devolved on the Rev. H. J. Cock, who conducted a special service in memory of Mr John Gaylard and Mrs Hannah Farndale, two old and respected members of the Wesleyan Church.
The rev. gentleman based his sermon on the words "The sting of death is sin and the strength of sin is the law." But thanks be to God which giveth us the victory through our Lord Jesus Christ " (I Corinthians XV. 56.57.) He commenced by relating the parable of the angel of sleep and the angel of death in illustration of the universally natural aversion in man to death. We welcome sleep, and are to glad to have our senses locked in its sweet and refreshing embrace. But with what hated breath we speak to death. There were all around them the signs and emblems of mourning, many of those present having known what bereavement was. He would like to ask them how it was that such a horror centres in and around the dying hour? St. Paul gave us the explanation where he says "the sting of death is sin and the strength of sin is the law." Another cause was that in death we cease to be, Everything clings most tenaciously to life: man as well as the brute creation. Then again death separates bcdy and soul, after having been closely linked or welded together, for say 70 years. There is also the fear of ceasing to be, the fear that death will blot out our existence for ever. But faith looks beyond, to that home prepared for the soul. Loved ones may minister to us in the dying hour, they may go down to the very verge of the grave, and we may hear them say the last fond good-bye, the last fond farewell, yet we must all pass out of this world in utter loneliness, that is, to the soul out of Christ. The apostle, while not ex cluding these causes of pain and anguish from the dying hour, lays stress on the fact that the sting of death is sin, and, as Shakespeare says " Conscience makes cowards of us all." In that hour how many sins crowd in upon us, and we feel terror stricken at going out into eternity and meeting God, if he is not our friend. Innocence is not afraid to die, but guilt always is. The little babe is not afraid to die, and had we re tained the innocence of early life, we should not be afraid, but the angel passed out of man and the devil came in. It was no wonder that man was afraid to be called to the bar of God's judgement remembering how often he had broken His law. Turning from the dark side of the picture he drew the attention of his hearers to the bright side, as contained in Paul's words " But thanks be unto God which giveth us the victory through our Lord Jesus Christ." Fear of death may be conquered in many ways. There was a certain amount of steel and iron in man, by which he could nerve himself for the trying ordeal, as was often the case with the infidel, the scoffer, and the world ling. It was said that Jay Gould died calmly and peace fully, but of a man who had lived such a life as he had it might well be said " Ephraim is joined to idols; let him alone." Jay Gould had made gold his God, and bent all his energies in acquiring wealth ; so God let him alone, and he who com menced life by selling mouse-traps died worth ?14,000,000. God giveth us the victory in overcoming the sins thatoppresses our lives. Thechristian had the victory over death, and in a joyful resurrection ; and also had a final victory at the bar of God. Thus there was the victory of pardon, of sin, of the broken law, of death and the resurrection, and then the passing in to the eternal home. Of the two whose memory he would bring to their remembrance that night, and who had worshipped with them in past times, they had passed in to their reward. He then proceeded to read an obituary notice of each of the departed, of which the following is a summary :
John Gaylard was born on the 10th August, 1818, in Martick, England, and came to Australia, landing in Adelaide in 1853. In the following year he came over to Victoria, and almost immediately settled in Colac, where he continued to reside until his death. In 1842, eleven years before leaving England, he was married to Mliss Emma Locock, on his 24th birthday. Being a man of modest gifts he never took a -prominent part in church work or secular matters. His christian life was a very quiet, retired one, though he was always ready to talk about spiritual things, and was a constant attendant at the Sabbath services. His last illness was an exceedingly painful one, but in the midst of all the joy of the Lord was his strength. The Lord was with himin the fiery furnace, and his testi mony to the supporting grace of God was most satisfactory. His last in telligent communication was a requ s! made to his daughter to sing the hymns " Down at the Cross," and "My God I am Thine," and to read the 14th chapter of St John's gospel. Shortly afterwards he fell into a comatose state, and lingered for two or three . days until Wednesday, Nov 9th, when he fell asleep in Jesus.
Hannah, relict of the late Mathew Farndale was born in Slights, York shire, England on the 11th October 1807. She was married in 1828, and in 1853 accompanied her husband to to this colony, providence directing their steps into the Colac district. Here their children grew to manhood and womanhood; here their grand children climbed their grandsire's knee "the envied kiss to share," and here too the aged grandparents saw and blessed the children of the fourth generation. About eight years ago the fond husband, on whose strong arm the wife had leaned, and in whose love she had dwelt for 56 years was taken from her side to the higher life and service of heaven. The loneliness of widowhood has been greatly cheered by the presence sympathy, and loving kindness of her children. Not quite three years ago the sad affliction of blindness rendered her life yet sadder still, and the present being shut out from view, she naturally lingered on the past, to her so full of love and happiness. When a girl she was associated with the Church of England, but before her marriage she joined as a member of the Wesleyan Methodist Church, and during her long life remained a most consistent loyal member of the church. Though ailing for a long time past the end came rather un expectedly on Friday, December 9th. How bright the vision that suddenly burst upon her gaze. Now she sees the King in His beauty. Those darkened orbs are now feasting in delight on Him who is the fairest among ten thousand and altogether lovely.


 
Thompson, Hannah (I70)
 
134

Methodist Kindergarten Hall.

TO BE OPENED ON WEDNESDAY

For years past the Methodists of Young have felt the need of increased accommodation for their Sunday School, particularly the Infant sec- tion which has been crowded into the vestry at the rear of the Epworih Hall. The effort to secure more suitable and adequate premises for the Kindergarten has now culminated in the erection of a new hall at the rear of the Church, which is to be opened by Miss Hilda Wales, the Su- perintendent of the Kindergarten De- partment of the School. After pre- liminary addresses and a song by the Tinies themselves Miss Wales will turn the key und invite the audience to inspect the new hall, after which the company will pass through the hall into the church where the Dedi- cation Service will be conducted by Rev. L. Peacock.

At 8 o'clock In the evening a com- plementary to Rev. L. Peacock will take the form of a conversazione in the Epworth hall and will enable his old friends to meet him and each other for a social hour.
 
Wales, Hilda Ruth (I200)
 
135

Midsummer Quarter Sessions 1823
Entry Number: 576
Name: Susannah Smith
Age: 21
Height: 4 feet 11 1/2 inches
Complexion: Fair
Hair: Light
Eyes: Grey
Born: Bristol
Trade: Servant
Brought into custody: 4 July 1823
Commited When: w Clark Esq 1 April 1823
Offence Charged: Stealing a silver watch, value 50/- the property of William Harthale 
Smith, Susannah (I35761)
 
136

Mittagong, Sunday. A serious accident happened at Mittagong last evening about 11 o'clock to Mr. J. Alt, Stationmaster at Colovale. Mr. Alt was boarding a goods train to go to Colovale and it is supposed that he slipped and fell on the rails. The trucks passed over his legs. The injured man was at once conveyed to the Berrima District Hospital, where the amputation of both legs was deemed necessary. Doubts are entertained of his recovery.  
Alt, James (I46)
 
137

Mr. 'Bert' Sheather.

Gundagai's 'handy man,' Mr. Albert Thomas Milne Sheather, has gone tbe way of all flesh, and his early demise will be genuinely re gretted by many outside his own kith and kin. He died on Saturday from an attack of pneumonic influenza at the local emergency hospital, where he was admitted only a week previously. In 1915 deceased enlisted in the 56th battalion of the A.I.F., and after spending a brief period in the training camp at Cootamundra was drafted to Egypt and afterwards to England. He was invalided home in 1918, and it is thought the severe bout of ill ness through which he passed while on active service had its telling effects against him being able to successfully fight against the illness tbat brought about his death. 'Bert,' as he was familiarly known, was a man of many parts -- in fact he could do anything from the weaving and casting of a fishing net to the building of a vehicle, or even a house, and those whose privilege it was to employ him never had any cause to regret it. Deceased, who was 42 years of age, was the youngest son of Mr. Fred. Sheather, a hardy old pioneer who survives him, and three brothers (Messrs. Alfred, George and Fred. Sheather) and two sisters (Mrs. Cooke and Mrs. Podmore) are also left. Deceased was accorded a military funeral, the remains being laid to rest in the C. of E. portion of the North Gundagai cemetery on Sunday morning. The Rev. H. F. Champion officiated at the grave side, while the returned men were in charge of Lieut. Fisher, the pall bearers being Gnr. A. Hunt and Ptes. C. Weekes, H. Hardwick and W. Bale. Matron Brown, who also attended, was attached to deceased's battalion in the Red Cross army abroad.
 
Sheather, Albert Thomas Milham (I21232)
 
138

MR. A. Mathieson - Death at Carrington.
Veteran Mine manager

Mr. Alexander Mathieson,Father of Mr James Mathieson, Manager of the Bellbird Colliery, died last night at his home in Carrington, where he had lived since his retirement from the service of the Hetton Coal Company.

Mr Mathieson was a native of Lanark (Scotland) where he was born on September 22 1844. At the age of 8 years he began to learn weaving in his native town. His parents, following the example of so many others, decided to try for their fortunes in the new land, Australia, of which much was heard that was favourable, and the family sailed in a vessel named the Albatross arriving in Melbourne in 1855.

They continued on to Sydney, and then to Newcastle where Alexander who was one of four sons secured employment. His ------------ in the field of mining was most successful. Mathieson in chatting over his experiences gave an interesting record of his many impressions of the Newcastle district. He produced a manuscript record every entry in which was his own, denoting the thoroughness with which he attended to business and to it's details. One entry reads "A Mathieson started work for J & A Brown 1865 (or 1863?)"This was followed by a statement of his employment with the Coal & Copper Co., with which he was associated until September 29 1863 Worked for them for eight years six months. Another entry was "Started work for the A.A. Company September 30 1863. Worked for A.A. Co 12 years four months two days." Then there was a third entry showing that he started work for the Newcastle Coalmining Co on February 3rd 1876 for which he worked nine years six months 17 days.

Mr Mathieson's association with the Hetton Coal co was explained by the following characteristic statement "Started work for the Hetton Coal Co September 21 1885 last pay I was paid at the colliery Nov 17 1917 when I was retiring on a pension. Employed by the Hetton Coal Co for 32 years one month six days. Last day coal was hauled for shipment at colliery April 15 1915".

Searching through the book and reflecting on the contents the veteran manager ran his index finger through other entries several of which were copied. "Contractor for 'A' pit H Walker depth 252 ft first coal put into wagons april 3rd 1888 Cost of sinking 'A' pit ?10, 255/14/6 " 'B' pit 271 ft started to put out coal April 3 1888 cost of sinking ?5630/2/8.

Mr Mathieson did not believe that Hetton was worked out when the decision was reached to close the mine. "At that time" he said "We had an output of 100,000 tons of coal a year, and without driving another yard in the headings there was four years' coal ready for winning."

Although almost the entire operations of this historic colliery were carried on 240 ft beneath the ocean and harbour waters, it was drained so well that the pit horses were kept below, the actual location of the stables being in a portion of the colliery that was in a line beneath the track of shipping.

When the adjoining Stockton Colliery was closed the Government gave Mr Mathieson's company the right to continue, provided that the water in the disused pit was kept down to 100ft or 120ft. To accomplish this it was found necessary to bore through 240ft of coal and then instal a pump which was connected to the Hetton company's standard. In this way the water was kept effectively under control. There was always a ready market for Hetton coal, interstate and overseas.

Mr Mathieson lived to see Carrington grow into a big suburb with upwards of 3000 population. When he knew it first it was nearly all swamp and sand with but a few scattered buildings. His services in connection with the survey and layout of Carrington were placed on record by the council of that municipality.

Mr Mathieson enjoyed for years the friendship of Mr James Fletcher "We were great friends" he said when he recounted some of the stirring incidents in the political fights of Newcastle of 50 years ago. "I knew James Fletcher when he was 'on the coal.' He was in the New South Wales Parliament for many years and became Minister for Mines." Mr James Curley, the Secretary of the Miner's Union and Mr William Davies one of the first presidents, Mr Mathieson always expressed the warmest regards for both, were, he said, very straight. There was never any trouble with them.

The under manager at Hetton was Mr. J Welford , who with other acquaintances of the past, had since died. Mr Mathieson was one of the original members of the Newcastle Hospital Board. Mrs Mathieson died several years ago. In addition to the son who is manager of the Bellbird Colliery (Cessnock) there are two other sons Messrs William and John Mathieson both of whom are well known in the Newcastle district.

The funeral is announced to leave St Andrew's Presbyterian Church tomorrow afternoon for the Sandgate Cemetery
 
Mathieson, Alexander (I512)
 
139

Mr. Albert E. Sheather

A former well known resident of Grong Grong, Mr. Albert Ernest Sheather, of Leeton, died at Leeton on Thursday last, aged 69 years.

Mr. Sheather was born at Gundagai, and was a son of the late Mr. and Mrs. William Sheather, very early residents of Gundagai. When he was very young his parents moved to Matong (or Boggy Creek, as it was then known). Later they moved to Warri, near Ardlethan, but eventually they settled on a small property at Grong Grong and remained there until their deaths.

Mr. Bert Sheather spent many years on his property, 'Oakvale,' Grong Grong, which he disposed of only about six months ago. He and Mrs. Sheather and their son Reg, ('Mick') then moved to Leeton, where they acquired a mixed business in Kurrajong Avenue. It was here where Mr. Sheather was residing when he passed away.

There was no keener supporter of the Grong Grong Football Club than Mr. Sheather. Among other organisations in which he was keenly interested was the Farmers and Settlers' Association. He was a good neighbour and had many friends in the Grong Grong district, where he spent almost a life time.

He married Miss Margaret Molloy, a daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Molloy, who were early residents of Grong Grong.

Besides his wife, he is survived by three sons and three daughter, viz.. Messrs. Bert Sheather (Nyngan), Jack Sheather (Narrandcra), and Reg ('Mick') Sheather (Leeton), Myrtle (Mrs. Jim Murphy, near Sydney), Linda (Mrs. Phil Prowse, Kew, North Coast), Mary (Mrs. J. Burt, Leeton). Two daughters (Vio let and Elsie) predeceased him.

Also surviving him are one brothers (Mr. Wally Sheather, Grong Grong), and two sisters, Ada (Mrs. Melrose Hanson, Narrandera) and Elsie (Mrs. E. Kite, Tamworth).

The remains were taken to Grong Grong for interment in the Church of England section of that cemetery. The Rev. Blaxell, of Ganmain, officiated at the Graveside. The bearers were Messrs. W. Sheather (brother), Bert and Jack Sheather (sons), and Jack Molloy (brother-in-law).
 
Sheather, Albert Ernest (I21795)
 
140

MR. B. SHEATHER.

Mr. Benjamin Sheather, a Lansdowne pioneer, died, after a long illness, aged 72 years. He is survived by a widow, 10 children, and 37 grandchildren.
 
Sheather, Benjamin (I14831)
 
141

MR. C. SHEATHER.

Mr. Charles Sheather, who died at North Sydney on Tuesday, aged 88 years, was the eldest son of Mr. James Sheather, and was born at Camden Park. His father arrived in Sydney from England in 1840, under engagement to Captain James Macarthur, of Camden Park. Mr. Sheather was in business in Camden and Mittagong, and became the owner of the Coach and Horses Hotel, a well-known hostelry in the coaching days. He took an active part in the civic life of Mittagong, and was one of the aldermen elected to the first council. He retired from business in 1903, and settled in Sydney. His wife died in 1912. He is survived by five sons-Messrs. Frederick, P. B., Charles, Leslie, and Walter Sheather and one daughter-Mrs. J. McGrath.

The funeral, which was largely attended, took place yesterday afternoon, at the Gore Hill Cemetery, after a short service at Wood Coffill's chapel.


 
Sheather, Charles (I6777)
 
142

MR. C. SHEATHER.

Mr. Charles Sheather, who died at North Sydney on Tuesday, aged 88 years, was well known in this district, having resided at Mittagong for some years. He was the eldest son of Mr. James Sheather, and was born at Camden Park. Mr. Sheather was in business in Camden and Mittagong, and became the owner of the Coach and Horses Hotel, a well-known hos telry in the coaching days. He took an active part in the civic life of Mittagong, and was one of the alder men elected to the first Council. He retired from business in 1903, and settled in Sydney. His wife died in 1912. He is survived by five sons - Messrs. Frederick. P. B., Charles, Leslie, and Walter Sheather - and one daughter- Mrs. J. McGrath. One of the sons, Mr. Fred Sheather, who is at present Town Clerk at Campbell town, was one-time on the staff of The Mail.
 
Sheather, Charles (I6777)
 
143

Mr. G. F. SHEATHER

The late Mr. Sheather was born at Gundagai 81 years ago and had lived at Kingsdale before moving to Tallong to reside about nine years ago.

He had been employed at the quarry only six weeks, working at timber establishments at Tallong in previous years.

A member of the V.D.C. at Tallong Mr. Sheather was well known and highly respected throughout the district.

He is survived by his wife and five children, Clarence (10 years), Leonard (8), Lurline (6), Valda (4) and Ken- neth, aged nine months. His parents, Mr. and Mrs. C. Shea- there, and two sisters, Rita and Joan, reside at East Goulburn. Two brothers, Charles (A.I.F.) and William (Tallong), are also living.
 
Sheather, George Frederick Charles (I30017)
 
144

Mr. George A. Sheather

The death occurred under sudden circumstances of a well-known and respected resident of Grong Grong at his home last Thursday, in the person of Mr. George A. Sheathcr. Mr. Sheather had not been in good health of late, but his end came unexpectedly. He was 59 years of age.

Mr. Sheather was a native of Matong, and therefore resided in the district all his life. He was a drover and his trips with stock look him to many parts of the State.

He was a son of the late Mr. and Mrs. William Sheather.

He was married twice. His first wife, formerly Miss Pearl Fielding, whom he married at Grong Grong, predeceased him some years ago.

Some time after the death of his first wife he married Miss Janetta May Barber, at Grong Grong, and he is survived by her.

Deceased is also survived by two sons and six daughters of the first marriage, and four sons and three daughters of the second marriage.

The sons of the first marriage are George (Narandera) and Leslie (Culcairn); and the daughters are Rose (Mrs. Bert Mohr, Mildura), Daisy (Mrs. Liddicoat, Merbein), Mary (Mrs. Bob Dale, Shepparton), June (Mrs. Didini, Ganmain). Joan (Narandera District Hospital staff), Ada (Mrs. Ron Hahne, Narandera). The sons of the second marriage are Thomas, James, Ernest, and Roy (Grong Grong), and the daughter's are Eileen, Doris, and Stella.

Brothers are Messrs. Bert and Wally Sheather of Grong Grong; and sisters are Ada (Mrs. A. E. Smith, Balmain, formerly of Merrylands, Grong Grong); and Elsie (Mrs E. Kite, Toothdale, Bega).

The funeral took place on Friday last, the cortege leaving the Church of England, Grong Grong, for the Grong Grong cemetery.

The Rev. Tassall of Ganmain, officiated at the church and also at the graveside.

The bearers were Messrs. Jim Fisher, Joe Rava, Bob Stewart, Reg and Eric Guymer, and G. Butler.

Watkins Bros., Narandera had charge of the funeral arrangements.
 
Sheather, George A (I18012)
 
145

MR. J. A. SHEATHER

The funeral of Mr. James Alfred Sheather, of The Rock, will take place to-day, leaving the Church of England, The Rock, at 2.30 p.m. for interment in The Rock cemetery.
 
Sheather, James Alfred (I21796)
 
146

Mr. JAMES ALT

There is no more interesting personality in the Postal Service than Mr. James Alt, Semi-Official P.M. at Bowning, who celebrated his 70th birthday on the 12th of last month. He joined the railway service in 1879 at Yass Junction, and the following year was promoted to the position of night officer, in which capacity he relieved at Picton, Mittagong, Balmoral, Wingello and Store Creek.
In 1885 Mr. Alt became officer-in-charge at Hilltop, near Mittagong, and a year later, whilst occupying this position, he fell from a moving train, the injuries sustained resulting in the loss of both legs and his retirement from the railway service.
In 1907 Mr. Alt accepted appointment as P.M. at Bowning, at that time a busy centre, all material for Burrinjuck Dam being unloaded there. The Kangiara mines were also working, so that the local Post Office was taxed to capacity. Later on when the Southern line was being duplicated, the population of the town increased by 500. During all this time Mr. Alt was giving great service to the public, but probably his finest effort was on the morning of July 11, 1933, when at a point just to the rear of the Post Office, the "down' Albury Mail, conveying about 200 passengers, overturned and was partially wrecked.
Mr. Alt was called at 4.30 am, and with the assistance of his niece, Miss M. Aylen, set about the task of disposing of telegraph and telephone business, and so they worked, without breakfast, until 1 pm, and even their luncheon period was disturbed in the public interest.
In spite of his great physical limitations, Mr. Alt always welcomes one with a smile. He is courteous to the public, amongst whom he has many friends. Mr. Alt has never had one day off owing to illness during his term as P.M. at Bowning. He describes his las annual holiday as being "great" and is looking forward earnestly to his next year's leave. It is worth while calling in at Bowning Office any time to see a man who has not let his physical loss interfere with his personality.
Mr. Alt qualified in telegraphy 55 years ago, so that many H.O. telegraphists who work with Bowning will appreciate that they are working with a man whose experience in the art extends over half a century.
 
Alt, James (I46)
 
147

MR. R. W. SHEATHER

The death occurred at the Wagga Base Hospital yesterday morning of a well-known resident of Gundagal and district, Mr, Ridley Walter Sheather, of Hanley Street, Gundagai, at the age of 57 years. Mr. Sheather was seriously injured when thrown from his horse earlier this week. He is survived by his widow, of Gundagai; two sons, Messrs. Irving, W. Sheather of South Gundagai, and Lawrence Sheather of Gundagai, and two daughters, Mrs. James Smith of South Gundagai, and Mrs. C. Manns of Gundagai. The funeral will take place this morning, the cortege moving from the Gundagai Church of England at 11.30 for the Gundagai cemetery.
 
Sheather, Ridley Walter (I21834)
 
148

MR. SHEATHER'S LIFE HISTORY.

Mr. Sheather's birthplace was Sussex, England. In 1838 he left England with his father and mother, and three brothers and four sisters, and came out to this country, in the 'Royal George' -- a vessel chartered by Mr. Wm. Macleay and Sir James Macarthur. In April, 1839, he landed at Redbank (only a few yards lower down on the banks of the Parramatta River than where he subsequently made his picturesque home) -- and near where the Sandown Meatworks now stands. He went to Camden Park from Parramatta, the party being accommodated in waggons, which were 24 hours on the journey. After eight years' gardening at Camden Park, during which time he learned much, in regard to the Australian climate and productiveness, as he afterwards freely confessed, under the hints of Sir William Macarthur, he left Camden Park. He was at Mr. Henry Watson Parker's establishment, at Elizabeth Farm, for three years. It was then that he met his wife (then Miss Annie Bellamy, a young lady belonging to Pen- nant Hills). Mr. Sheather was after wards at Mr. George Oakes' place, New lands, (near Mr. Fairclough's present re- sidence). The gardener there when Mr. Sheather was at Mr. H. W. Parker's was Mr. Brown, the first to graft the orange on lemons stock - as Mr. Sheather always claimed - and a smart man generally. Mr. Brown was scalded to death in an accident. Mr. Sheather took his place, and stayed there two years. About that time Mr. Sheather got married; and he lived in George-street, Parramatta. Subsequently he took up three acres at Camellia Grove, as he called the spot just at the bend of the river before Subiaco is reached from Parramatta. The young settler started growing vegetables, though the demand for that commodity was very limited, till the diggings broke out. Then things began to improve all round. As much as ten shillings would be given at that time for a cwt. of cabbage -- some- times ten cabbages making up that weight. Mr. Sheather then took to the nursery business proper, and in those early days we are now speaking of the Sixties things were brisk in that line. He received as much as 6s for a single orange tree, and ?6 and ?6 6s per hundred often. Mr. Sheather was a man of quiet temperament, and retiring disposition; and did not mix up very much in public matters. Three of his children predeceased him, one daughter -- a popular local young lady -- dying only a few years ago.
 
Sheather, Silas Charles (I6721)
 
149

Mrs E C Sheather of Flett Street, Taree, who is 81 years of age, recently returned from a visit to Melbourne, on which she was accompanied by Mr Murray Voce of Taree. After a 3000 mile trip she came home as if it was nothing, despite her years. She had since gone to Hannam Vale district to see her daughter and from there she went to Port Macquarie, and returned to Taree on Thursday. She is the mother of 11 sons and daughters and many grandchildren 
Minett, Eliza Charlotte (I14841)
 
150

MRS. ALBERT SHEATHER

The sudden death occurred at her home at Back Station Creek on Tuesday last of Mrs. Olive Sheather, wife of Mr. Albert Sheather. The suddenness of Mrs. Sheather's death not only shocked the community of Back Creek but the whole of the district where she was well and favorably known. The deceased passed away shortly after 1.30 a.m. on Tuesday. At that time she announced her intention of listening to the news over the wireless and when she did not arise from bed her husband enquired if she intended to put on the radio, and much to his alarm he discovered his wife in the throes of a heart attack. Help was summoned immediately, but in the few brief moments the deceased had breathed her last. A member of the Smart family of Nangus, the late Mrs. Sheather had resided in the Gundagai district all her life. She leaves a widower and a family of eight, Mrs. Reg. Murray (South Gundagai), Mrs. McEwen (Jones' Creek), Misses Ester, Joan, Jean and Eila Sheather, and one son, Charles. The funeral took place at Nangus on Wednesday, Rev. Geo. E. Morris officiating at the graveside.
 
Smart, Olive (I21341)
 

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