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1


Railway Accident at Mittagong
Mr. James Alt
About 11 o'clock on Saturday night last, Mr. James Alt, Station Master of Hilltop for the past ten years, was found on the railway line near Mittagong platform, with both legs injured, apparently from being run over by a train. Mr. Alt had spent the evening in Mittagong and was intending to return to Hilltop by the goods train that leaves Mittagong about 10.30 pm. It is supposed that he caught hold of the rope attached to the brake-van while the train was in motion, but that his foot slipped off the step and, after holding on for about sixteen yards, let go his hold, falling under the wheel which passed over both legs. Of course that is a good deal conjecture as no one witnessed the sad affair. It is not known how long Mr. Alt lay there, but his groans attracted the attention of a guard who was sleeping in a brake-van on the line alongside and who lost no time in communicating with the doctor and police. He was at once conveyed by a special train to Bowral, accompanied by Dr. Middleton and carried on an ambulance stretcher to the Cottage Hospital where it was found that injuries were so extensive as to necessitate the amputation of both legs, one above and the other below the knee. Dr. Fisher applied the anaesthetic, while Drs. Armstrong and Middleton performed the operation without any delay. The patient passed a bad night from sheer exhaustion through loss of blood and shock and only a strong constitution could have survived it all.
On Sunday his condition seemed more hopeful, but during that night unfavourable symptoms set in again. On Monday he was in a critical condition and during that night showed unfavourable symptoms. On enquiry at the hospital yesterday afternoon, we learnt that he was in an extremely serious state, at the same time he is not any worse than he was early in the morning. Mr. Alt's recovery is doubtful. We believe an official inquiry into the occurrence is to be made. Mr. Alt is thirty-two years of age and has a wife and three young children. His brother, Mr. Alt, Station Master at Gordon, visited him at the hospital, also his mother, sister and a very large number of friends. 
Alt, James (I46)
 
2

General Sir Martin Farndale
Commander who oversaw the two biggest British military exercises held since D-Day

GENERAL SIR MARTIN FARNDALE, former Commander-in-Chief, the British Army of the Rhine, and Commander, Northern Army Group, who has died aged 71, had a dynamic, inspiring personality which made him successful and popular in a wide variety of projects and several theatres of action.
Urbane, slightly unmilitary in appearance, and softly spoken with a faint lisp, Farndale was relaxed, self-confident and wholly unpretentious. His fellow Nato generals acknowledged him to be one of the most gifted field commanders in the alliance, and knew that his skill as a tactician was informed by a compendious knowledge of military history.
"If you want to go the full 15 rounds with Martin," an American general once commented, "you'd better be prepared to learn that your pet new tactic, which you had toyed with the idea of naming after yourself, was first devised and used in battle by the Romans."
In 1984, as Commander of 1st (British) Corps, BAOR, Farndale oversaw Exercise Lionheart, manoeuvres involving 131,000 British troops, including tens of thousands of Territorials and Army Reservists, and extending over 3,700 square miles. Lionheart, intended to test BAOR's reinforcement plans, was the biggest British military exercise to be held since the Second World War.
As Commander-in-Chief, BAOR, from 1985 to 1987, Farndale worked doggedly to implement a revised "concept of operations" for the Northern Army Group. Under this, the five nations involved agreed to fight under Farndale's direct battlefield command, according to an agreed defensive doctrine and standardised procedures. In the event of a Russian invasion, the new plans, he explained in 1987, would enable Nato forces to "bide our time and then strike viciously, at the time of our choosing, at an exposed flank or sector".
These new operational plans were tested in 1987 during Exercise Certain Strike, the largest and most complex field exercise of its type staged in Europe since the D-Day landings in 1944.
Later, in his capacity as chairman of Royal Artillery Museums, Farndale's drive to establish the RA Museum at Woolwich (which is due to be opened in May 2001) earned him the nickname "Project Champion"; all noted the tremendous energy he showed in fundraising, leadership and organisation. After leaving the Army he had a successful career in industry and as a writer.
Martin Baker Farndale, of Yorkshire farming ancestry, was born in Alberta, Canada, on January 6 1929 and went to Yorebridge Grammar School, Yorkshire.
Having joined the Army in 1946, he attended Sandhurst and was commissioned into the Royal Artillery in 1948. After early service in an anti-aircraft unit on the Suez Canal, he was selected for the 1st Royal Horse Artillery, with whom he served in Germany from 1952 to 1954. He was then posted for three years to HQ 7th Armoured Division, and after that attended the Staff College, Camberley. This was followed by another staff post - with HQ, 17 Gurkha Division, in Malaya.
From 1962 to 1964 Farndale commanded a Chestnut Troop in 1st RHA in Germany and in Aden, where he saw action. He was an instructor at the Staff College from 1966 to 1969, and then was for two years in Northern Ireland, commanding 1st RHA, the first gunner regiment to serve as infantry in Belfast.
After a spell on the defence policy staff at the Ministry of Defence, he commanded 7th Armoured Brigade in Germany; and then from 1976 to 1978 he was Director of Public Relations for the Army.
In the latter post he was a great success, being a fluent and amusing speaker as well as being able to cope at short notice with questions about embarrassing incidents which occasionally occur even in the best conducted units.
He was Director of Military Operations at the Ministry of Defence from 1978 to 1980, during which time he was involved in the arrangements for Rhodesia's independence as Zimbabwe. He went on to command 2nd Armoured Division in BAOR from 1980 to 1983; and thereafter spent the rest of his Army career in Germany, first as Commander of 1st (British) Corps from 1983 to 1985 and then as Commander-in-Chief, BAOR.
After retirement, Farndale became a director and senior defence adviser of Short Bros, and defence adviser to Deloitte Touche.
For eight years he also held the appointment of Master Gunner, St James's Park, an office dating back to the 17th century. The Master Gunner's principal duty is to keep the Queen, who is Captain General of the Royal Regiment of Artillery, informed of all matters pertaining to the Royal Artillery.
Farndale was Colonel Commandant of the Army Air Corps (1980-88), of the Royal Artillery from 1982 and of the RHA from 1988. He was chairman of the Royal United Services Institute (1989-93), and a consultant to Westland Helicopters (1989-95).
From 1993 he was chairman of the Battlefield Trust, which, under the auspices of English Heritage, endeavours to preserve historic battlefields from being destroyed by roadworks or building projects.
Farndale succeeded in saving the site of the Battle of Tewkesbury (1471) from developers. Martin Farndale was also a prolific writer. He wrote a four volume account of the history of the Royal Artillery, covering the years 1914-1998, as well as writing many articles for the British Army Review and the Royal Artillery Journal. He was also interested in genealogy and had traced his family back to 1615.
He was appointed CB in 1980 and KCB in 1983.
He married, in 1955, Anne Buckingham; they had a son 
Farndale, General, Sir Martin Baker KCB (I16579)
 
3

On 28 March 1858 John Loiterton and his family left Farm Cove in Sydney on a two or three day journey to join Charles and Susannah at Camden. John and his family commenced work almost immediately at Camden Park. John was a gardener in the Camelia gardens and Elizabeth became a maid.
In 1861 the family moved on to Sutton Forest in the southern highlands of NSW where John, now almost 51, settled on a leased smallholding between Jordan's Crossing and Sutton Forest. The family remained there until 1870 when they moved to Red Hill at Sutton Forest.
Late in 1874, John (and presumably his wife Elizabeth - no death details have been found for Elizabeth) and his daughters Sarah Ann and Elizabeth (with husbands and children) and John Junior all moved north to Queensland, initially settling around Ipswich. The inland journey north took some six months. John Senior, then approaching age 64, continued to work as a farm labourer until his death in 1893 at age 82 
Loiterton, John (I1000)
 
4

CLARENCETOWN.
A shocking and most distressing occurrence happened a few days since to one of Mr Croker's family. While the youngest child, a boy of about 12 months old, was asleep in bed it was attacked by a rat, which stripped the lower eyelid from its place, and would no doubt have effected other and perhaps fatal injuries had not the poor child cried out, and aroused its parents. As soon as it was day-light, Mr & Mrs Croker drove with the sufferer to Morpeth, but as there was no surgeon there they were recommended to proceed on directly to Newcastle, whither Mrs Croker, in charge of the child, immediately went. Rats are just now very troublesome about the neighbourhood of the river. The premises of Mr C F Holmes, at Fotheringay are much infested with them, and Mr Holmes has been laying down poison for the purpose of exterminating the vermin. Although every precaution was used, some of the house and cattle dogs were unfortunately fatal sufferers. 
Family F6017
 
5

Local and General

THE LATE MR. JAMES LOITERTON

A large number attended the funeral, on Monday afternoon, of the late Mr. James Loiterton, of Queen street; and among them were many from the Stockinbingal district, where deceased spent so many years on the land.

The Rev. J. H. Sorrell (Methodist), who officiated at the graveside, had with him the Rev. C. Goy, associating in sympathy with the Presbyterian relatives of the deceased.

''This large gathering speaks more eloquently than any words to which I could give utterance," said Mr. Sorrell, "of the appreciation in which the late Mr. Loiterton was held. It is evidence that he lived his life well, He so played his part as to earn the respect of his fellow men. We know that the great test, when the last day comes, is the life we have lived and the deeds we have done; whether we have taken the cup of water to others, and extended the hand of sympathy. The memory of a splendid life of 67 years is something that counts in this world. Many are a weight on life; others put good into it. We think of Mr. Loiterton as one who made the world a better place. Most of you know him better than I did; but I knew something of his good- ness as a husband, as a father, and as a friend. And the memory of these things softens the sorrow of the family to-day. Our sympathy goes out sincerely to them."

[In mentioning the sisters of deceased, in Monday's issue, there was an error. They are: Mrs. James Manning, Stockinbingal, Mrs. Tom Mutch, Cootamundra; Mrs. R. Mutch, Cootamundra; Mrs. Alf Armstrong, Cootamundra; Mrs. C. J. Lines, Leura; and Mrs. A. J. Cranfield, Cootamundra. Ed. C.H.]
 
Loiterton, James (I1011)
 
6

"Veteran Ex-Postmaster"
Late Mr E E Smith
On the eve of his eighty-eighth birthday, Mr E E Smith, who was for many years associated with the postal services of this state, passed away. The late Mr Smith was born in 1847 in Queen Street, immediately opposite where the GPO now stands. His father, John Patience (sic) Smith, familiarly known by his second christian name, had a metal worker's shop and residence there. He was a prominent temperance and church worker.
There was no national school here when Mr E E Smith was a boy. He therefore was sent to a private school conducted by Mr Joseph Hobart Carvosso, father of Mr W H Carvasso, for many years sheriff of the Supreme Court, and a well known cricket umpire, and of Doctor A B Carvosso. The curriculum was a liberal one and the late Mr Smith there became acquainted with Latin and other subjects not taught in the State Primary schools.

POSTAL SERVICE
Upon leaving school, the young Queenslander entered the postal service, and he remained associated with it until he retired under the age-limit regulations, when he became a Savings Bank officer. During his term in the Postal Department, he served in the travelling post office between Brisbane and Dalby, being one of the first officers to carry out this exacting work in Queensland. He was a model penman, and some time later he was brought into the accounts branch of the head office. His first postmastership was that of the old office in Petrie Terrace, opposite the Normanby Hotel. Then he was transferred successively to the same position at Paddington and George Street, and later he was savings bank officer at Woolloongabba.
The late Mr Smith was twice married and had eleven children, nine of them from his first marriage. His widow and nine of the children survive. Mr A B Smith, for many years associated with His Majesty's Theatre, and now resides at Bribie, is a brother. The funeral took place at Bulimba Cemetery 
Smith, Eli Elijah (I34194)
 
7

(Includes photograph of A. F. Sitlington in uniform)
DISTRICT CASUALTIES.

Word was received on Wednesday, by his parents, of the death in France, of Private Alexander Farndale Sitlington, of Colac. He was 26 years of age, and was one of the first to enlist from Colac. He was at the landing at Gallipoli, and was wounded, at Cape Helles, and was sent to Malta, after which he went back to Egypt. He was then sent to France, where he met his death.
 
Sitlington, Alexander Farndale (I41976)
 
8

26 YEARS CONTINUOUS DUTY WITHOUT A HOLIDAY
POSTMASTER AT BOWNING FOR 32 YEARS
LATE MR. JAMES ALT
In the death at St. Vincent's Hospital in Sydney on Monday morning of Mr. James Alt of Bowning, one of the best known personalities in the Postmaster-General's Department has passed
on. Jim Alt was known by everyone in the service. Mr. Alt, who was 74 years of age, was Postmaster at Bowning for 32 years. His record of 26 years continuous duty without a holiday is probably unique.
A sad but very human incident occurred on Tuesday afternoon. Mr. McCarrigle, of the Yass Post Office Staff, was on duty at Bowning, when the testing operator at the G.P.O. inquired how the old man was. He was not aware that he was being taken to his last resting place that afternoon.
A native of Yass, Mr. Alt started work at the age of 14 years as a railway porter at Yass Junction. At the age of 32, he lost both legs. He was on duty at Mittagong when he endeavoured to board a train while in motion. He fell and the wheels passed over both his legs. However, he accepted the tragedy philosophically and ten years later took charge of the Bowning Post Office.
It may not be generally known that there is a big testing station at Bowning, with fifteen trunk morse lines, and Mr. Alt was regarded by the testing officer in the G.P.O. as one of the most reliable testing officers in the south. He was a steady and efficient morse operator and a particularly methodical man.
When the Albury mail train was derailed just beyond Bowning a few years ago, Mr. Alt rose to the occasion and put up a wonderful performance transmitting and receiving telegrams. He kept the dots and dashes going for hours on end with characteristic efficiency. From the little Bowning Post Office, many anxious moments were relieved f(?r people all over the State who had relatives on the wrecked train.
But that is only one side of Mr. Alt's long and useful life. As a patriarch of Bowning, he was held in the highest esteem and adrniration.
The late Mr. Alt is survived by one son, James (Bowning) and one son predeceased him. Two daughters also survive, Mrs Jack O'Brien of Maroubra and Mrs C. Jones of Wau, New Guinea.
There was a large and representative cortege at the funeral, which took place in Bowning on Tuesday afternoon from the Catholic Church to the local cemetery, where the Rev. Fr. McCusker officiated. The funeral was conducted by Mr W.H. McIntosh.
Among the wreaths received were the following: Alice and Sam, Clara and Frank, Mr. and Mrs. M.C. Smith and family, Mr. and Mrs. W. Armour, Mr. and Mrs. Loomes and Ric., Anne and Hugh Muir, Zeta and Athol Pearce, Grace and R. Holmes, Miss Wall, Limestone, Mrs. Pearce Senr., and family, Mrs. K. Ryan and family, Mr. and Mrs. Hollis and Mr. and Mrs. Turner, Yass P.O. Staff, Mrs. Morgan and Vera, the Glover family, Mr. and Mrs. Alf. Armour and family, All at Charlesville, Mr. and Mrs. Alchin and family, Mrs. 0. Hilly and family, Mrs. Hannford and family, Mrs. and Mr. W. Chown, Mr. and Mrs. Don Meikieham, Neta and Claude Ryan, Molly Crossley and Mr. and Mrs. G. Armour, Major Weir, B. Eglington, Mr. and Mrs. Bill Richards and family. 
Alt, James (I46)
 
9

A BOLT that was fortunately unattended with serious consequences occurred yesterday evening. Mr. Aspland was engaged removing furniture to his new residence, Cr??sy road, when the horse took fright at a bicyclist, and bolted in spite of the exertions of two men to hold it. It first of all came into contact with, a buggy and pair driven by Mr. Gibson, and capsized the trap. The animal then careered wildly up Manifold street, and turned down into Scott street, where it was subsequently caught. The contents of the waggonette were scattered abroad and somewhat damaged. Mr. Aspland, himself, was knocked down in his attempt to stay the progress of the animal, and dragged several yards. He was stunned and bruised by the fall. 
Aspland, William Middleton (I74)
 
10

A wedding took place at St. Clement's Church, Yass, on Wednesday, when Mr. James Weatherby, son of Mr. George Weatherby, was married to Miss Amelia Mote, daughter of Mrs. George Weatherby, of Yass, and the late Mr. James Mote. The ceremony was performed by the Rev. Canon Faunce, assisted by the Rev. A.E. Coote, B.A., the church being beautifully decorated for the occasion. The bride wore a dress of ivory silk, trimmed with Yak lace, and accordeon pleated chiffon, also a wreath and veil. Her diamond bangle and shower bouquet were gifts from the bride- groom. Miss Alice Mote was chief bridesmaid, and wore cream voile, and a pale blue chiffon hat. Her Nellie stewart bangle and shower bouquet were gifts of the bridegroom. The brlde's two little nieces, the Misses Doris and Eileen Sheeky, and Miss Madge Jewell, acted as trainbearers, dressed in cream, with wreaths and and veils on their heads. They carried baskets of flowers, and wore gold brooches, gifts from the bridegroom. Mr. G. Weatherby was best man. After the ceremony the bride's mother held a reception and the company, numbering over 60, were subsequently entertained at the wedding breakfast. Later the bride and bridegroom left for Sydney, the bride's travelling dress being of flecked tweed and a black hat. 
Mote, Alice May (I14)
 
11

A wedding took place at St. Clement's Church, Yass, on Wednesday, when Mr. James Weatherby, son of Mr. George Weatherby, was married to Miss Amelia Mote, daughter of Mrs. George Weatherby, of Yass, and the late Mr. James Mote. The ceremony was performed by the Rev. Canon Faunce, assisted by the Rev. A.E. Coote, B.A., the church being beautifully decorated for the occasion. The bride wore a dress of ivory silk, trimmed with Yak lace, and accordeon pleated chiffon, also a wreath and veil. Her diamond bangle and shower bouquet were gifts from the bride- groom. Miss Alice Mote was chief bridesmaid, and wore cream voile, and a pale blue chiffon hat. Her Nellie stewart bangle and shower bouquet were gifts of the bridegroom. The brlde's two little nieces, the Misses Doris and Eileen Sheeky, and Miss Madge Jewell, acted as trainbearers, dressed in cream, with wreaths and and veils on their heads. They carried baskets of flowers, and wore gold brooches, gifts from the bridegroom. Mr. G. Weatherby was best man. After the ceremony the bride's mother held a reception and the company, numbering over 60, were subsequently entertained at the wedding breakfast. Later the bride and bridegroom left for Sydney, the bride's travelling dress being of flecked tweed and a black hat. 
Family F10
 
12

ACCIDENT TO JAMES ALT
Mr. Alt, Station master at Cob Vale, who was so injured at Mittagong on 12th June by being run over by a train as to necessitate the amputation of both legs, has recently been discharged from the Cottage Hospital, Bowral, as cured. Very few cases are recorded of recovery after such injuries, and Mr. Alt's bears testimony to the excellence of the medical and nursing treatment he received. It is stated that the Railway Commissioners propose finding Mr. Alt some suitable employment at Goulburn Station
 
Alt, James (I46)
 
13

According to Elizabeth Bean's death certificate - she was 96 when she died at Parramatta. However, her maiden name in the death certificate is shown as Elizabeth Kirshaw, this is incorrect. Her father was James Thomas John Bean and mother Elizabeth Taylor. At the time of her death, she was survived by one son and one daughter. Three males and two females deceased. The informant for the death certificate was her son-in-law W. Mansfield.

In the Australian Index 1824-1842 Vol. 19 ML "SHELLEY, Elizabeth - Parramatta - Land Grant to issue. A., 23 -9- 1831"
Same source - "SHELLEY, Elizabeth - Land Grant, Parramatta A., 13.4.1832."
Same source - SHELLEY, Elizabeth - Subscriber to Parramatta Weslyan Chapel Fund - A., Aug, 4th 1837 p. 1"
Same source - SHELLEY Mrs - Parramatta - Signs petition to Dr Sherwin. A., 26-8-1829"

Sydney Gazette 23 August, 1822 - " To the Editor of the Sydney Gazette - Sir, I trust my communication will not be deemed an intrusion either upon you columns, or your Readers. Something within me exists, as a prompter, to impel me before the Public - I have often looked upon the wretchedness of the poor New Hollander, and sighed for an alleviation of his distress. There now appears some prospect of good, according to the reply to Philanthropus. A certain paragraph in the communication constrained me to visit the Native Institution; and I was astonished, beyond measure, at the proficiency of the children under the tuition of the Governess, Mrs Shelley. The Institution did not contain more than twelve children. This diminutive numbers is the result of having married several of the females, who have been settled at Boongarruuby; and death has thinned their ranks. The few, however, that remain, bear ample testimony to two important facts: 1 - They have not made the proficiency to which they have attained without the most assiduous care of the Governess. From the little knowledge I possess of the blacks, I think myself competent to pronounce, with decision, on their character. They possess a vagrancy of mind that bears a strict analogy to their vagrancy of body. And those who have attempted merely to domesticate ONE black, and to make, him contented with a local habitation, will immediately perceive, how constant that application must have been on the part of the Governess, that has effected wonders, so extraordinary upon twelve. 2 - That these Aborigines posses powers of mind that may be greatly enlarged and improved. It is true that an excessive darkness seems to becloud their intellects, and apparently forbids the approach of intellectual light. But, it is very evident that this darkness is only apparent. I am fully convinced, that we have altogether erred in our estimation of the blacks, because we have inferred their total darkness, by comparing it with the effulgence of our own light. There is certainly a diversity in human minds, and much more may be expected from some of these natives, than from others. And as this same remark is applicable to the whole of the human family, does it not follow, if the tuition of the rising generation be perseveringly attended to, that we shall see from among these Natives, ornaments to political, moral and religious society. Much praise is due to Miss Shelley for the great attention she has paid to the female part of this little company. Nothing but seeing can prove a proper source of believing how much has been effected. If a company of Ladies and Gentlemen, would form themselves on a plan of paying regular visits to these children, doubtless their improvement would be greatly facilitated. There is no lack of persons in Parramatta of sufficient respectability to afford a little time for this purpose: and their little endeavors would produce great emulation in the minds of the children. This measure, in my judgment, would effect a change so mighty in the natives, generally, that they would send their children to the Institution, and the respectable Public would be insensibly drawn, to co-operate with All mighty God, in restoring to this moral image a people, the most degraded in the human family. Yours &c Aneradelphos."
 
Bean, Elizabeth (I865)
 
14

Advertising

.........
Les Aspland for all Smokers' Requirements.
.......................
 
Aspland, Leslie James (I75)
 
15

ADVERTISING

.........................
WANTED KNOWN!

LES ASPLAND

Has secured the services of Mr. JOE GARRY, who is known far and wide as a FIRST CLASS TRADESMAN, and new and old clients can rely on first class atten tion. Three chairs-No Waiting. Our Saloon has a reputation second to none for cleanliness and civility. If we please you tell your friends ----- if not tell us.

.........................
Just arrived --- Indent of Bengall Razors --- all guaranteed. LES ASPLAND.

.........................
LES ASPLAND'S Saloon has reputation second to none for Cleanliness and Civility.

.........................
See Pipe Display at Les Aspland's. Hundreds to choose from.

.........................
 
Aspland, Leslie James (I75)
 
16

After her husband, Ted Perceval, was killed in February 1922 Florrie and her daughter continued to live in Kershaw Street in Rye Park. When her daughter left in later years, Florrie remained at the same address. Florrie never remarried but attended Saturday Night dances and community functions 
Wales, Florence May (I8512)
 
17

All the Vormisters born before 1918 had an E in their name (Vormeister) except for Charles Edward.
In 1917 Charles Edward needed his birth certificate to apply for a passport to attend an Electrical Engineers Conference in England. On receiving the birth certificate he noted his name did not have the E. From that day on the Vormeisters spelt their name without the E 
Vormister, Charles Edward (I40412)
 
18

ALLEGED MURDER BY A WIFE:
Last Sunday morning it was reported in town that Mr. Ebenezer Douglas Dunlop, farmer, Kitty's Creek, a few miles from Yass, had suddenly dropped dead near the entrance of his dwelling-house. At an early hour yesterday morning the coroner (Dr. Blake) proceeded to the locality to hold the necessary inquest. As the evidence proceeded the case assumed a most serious aspect, and pointed to poison having been administered to the deceased on the morning of his death, apparently in a glass of spirits; and one witness asserted that before death occurred the deceased accused his wife with having poisoned him.
The inquest adjourned for a week, in order that the stomach might be forwarded to Sydney for analysis. Meantime we withhold publication of the evidence taken, or any comments on the sad occurrence. The police yesterday evening apprehended the wife of deceased, and she is now in custody awaiting the result of the inquiry 
Family F7879
 
19

Among other things, George occasionally sank dams. George had his own system for measuring dams. On one occasion a dam George had sunk was thought not to be the correct size, but after Teddy Davidson, the manager of Bendenine, and a Mr. de Mestre, the owner of a nearby property, examined it, the dam was found to be correctly proportioned.
In 1907 George Wales acquired his own property and at Hassalls Creek near Bowning. He and his wife Mary moved their family from Bendenine to Hassells Creek in sulkies. The sulkies were, however, so crammed full of belongings that George's children Rene and Joe walked along behind the sulkies to their new home.
At Hassells Creek the Wales children attended a subsidised school on the property of their neighbours, the McInerney family. This arrangement came to an end when Miss McInerney, the teacher, left to become a nurse.
In May 1910 the Wales family gathered on their verandah to witness Halley's Comet. Years later Rene Wales recalled how the comet was visible during the day and completely lit-up the sky at night casting something akin to moonbeams upon the earth.
George was understandably concerned about bush fires and so he purchased a Furphy water tank to protect his house.
George was very successful on his property. In 1915 his property, which comprised 597 acres, was running 4 horses, 5 Cattle, and 100 sheep. By 1927 the property was running 6 Horses, 2 Cattle, and 362 sheep. George's obvious success with sheep led to him being awarded a cup inscribed as follows:

Cup donated by H.J. Wilson for the champion fleece of wool in the Yass/Bowning District.

Judged by Mr Coleman, Government Wool Expert.
Awarded to George Wales, Bowning, February 1927.

Also in 1927 George Wales was taught to drive a car by Charlie Winters of Bowning. George then bought a 1927 chevrolet, one of the earliest cars in the Bowning district.
In 1932 George's property was running 5 horses, 4 cattle, and 400 sheep. This was proving too much for George and so in 1935 George sold his property to Sir Walter Merriman and retired with his wife, Mary, to Boorowa where George had bought a house in Brial Street. George also bought a block of land at 83 Marsden Street Boorowa on which he had a house built. He subsequently rented this house to various tenants. After his death the house was sold to the Murphy family.
George's wife Mary was a great supporter of fetes run to aid the local Catholic church and school. She excelled in making sweets such as Turkish delight and coconut ice, but George was always good humoured about the large amounts of sugar, jelly etc. that appeared on the grocery bills.
George took a great interest in cricket and frequently attended matches in Boorowa with his friends: Michael Hyde; Bert Flannery, a grazier; Patrick Slattery, the local station master; and Joseph Mockbell, a wool, hides and skins dealer. George also attended football games but his first love was cricket.
In 1942 Darwin was bombed by the Japanese, and fearing a Japanese attack various precautions were taken. George, as part of these precautions, dug slit trenches at Boorowa's Catholic School in which, in the event of an air raid, the children and nuns would seek protection 
Martin, Joseph William Jnr. (I29285)
 
20

An interesting wedding was solemnised at St. Augustine's, Yass, last week, the contracting parties being Mr. Frank Delaney, of Albury, and Miss Clara Mote, of Yass. The bride wore a smart costume of cream hopsac, coat and skirt, and white felt plumed hat, with white furs, and the groom's wedding present of a gold cable bangle. after the wedding festivitie, Mr. and Mrs. Delaney leftfor their home at Albury.
 
Family F13
 
21

As previously reported in these columns, the death occurred suddenly at his residence, 2 Brial Street, Boorowa, on Thursday, July 8, of Mr. George Wales, well-known and highly respected resident of the Boorowa district, at the age of 86 years.
The late Mr. Wales, who was born at Wargeila in 1867, was the youngest son of the late Mr. and Mrs. John Wales, and was the last surviving member of a family of nine.
On October 9, 1895, he married Miss Mary Martin in St. Patrick's Church, Boorowa, and took up residence in the Bowning District.
In 1907 he acquired a grazing property known as "Hassells Creek," Bowning, which he carried on successfully until ill-health forced his retirement from grazing pursuits in 1935. After disposing of his property to Mr., now Sir Walter Merriman, the late Mr. Wales purchased town properties at Boorowa, where he resided until the time of his death.
Possessing a car driver's licence until the time of his death, the late Mr. Wales was a devout Catholic and a foundation member of the Holy Name Society, his car was seldom missing from outside the Church on Sundays.
He was possessed of a cheerful dispositions and enjoyed relating his experiences of early pioneering days, which was spent in the district of his birth, which he served so well and notably.
He is survived by his sorrowing wife, three daughters, Ella (Mrs. Crawford, Concord West), Irene (Mrs. E. Harding, Boorowa), Vera (Mrs. F. Harding, Marrickville) and one son George, of Bowning. One son, Joseph, pre-deceased him. There are also 16 grandchildren and 12 great grandchildren.
Requiem Mass was celebrated for the repose of his soul in St. Patrick's Church, Boorowa, at 8.0 a.m. on Friday, July 9, by the Rev. Fr. Reynolds.
Following a service at 3 p.m. in St. Patrick's Church by the Rev. Fr. Greene, the funeral, which was a striking and fitting tribute to the memory of one such as George Wales, moved to the Catholic portion of the Boorowa Cemetery where the remains were interred. Rev. Fr. Greene officiated at the graveside and the funeral arrangements were carried out by Patterson Bros. Pall bearers were George (son), Eric Harding (son-in-law), J. Moore, R. Packham, H. Wales (nephews), and George Dunn.

FLORAL TRIBUTES
The family wreath was lowered with the casket. Floral tributes were forwarded from the following: Loving Wife and Family; Grandchildren; Patricia, Phillip, Terry and Doreen; Bob Fan, Ellma Jack and Family; Mrs. F. L. Wheeler, Jack and Agnes; Bill Kate and Family; Lucy, Jean and Roy; Fred Turton and all at Elmslie; Maisie and George Dunn and Family; Les Heather and Gloria Jones and Mr. and Mrs. W. Simpson; Mr. and Mrs. Frank Cleary; Daphne and Keith Martin; Albert; Mrs. Bryce and Family; Mr. and Mrs. Greg Shaw; E. Boulding & Sons; Railway Staff, Bowning 
Wales, George Henry (I1406)
 
22

At the Sacred Heart Hospital yesterday morning a kindly Cootamundra old hand, Mr Thomas Wales, aged 84, passed away after about three week's illness.

For the past six years deceased had been unable to get about much, but prior to that he was active with his horse and dray.

His wife predeceased him about twenty years ago.

Two sons survive - Messrs. Gus (Cootamundra), Fred (Sydney), and two married daughters, one of Temora and the other of Sydney.

The interment took place in the RC portion of the cemetery at 3pm yesterday afternoon; and it was well attended 
Wales, Thomas Henry (I1423)
 
23

At the time of his marriage he received the following letter from the bank where he worked:
Dear Sir,
The withinmentioned officers of the Queensland National Bank Ltd deem the present a fitting occasion to acknowledge your ready willingness to oblige at all times and as they are desirous to do so in a substantial manner, I am requested to forward you the accompanying purse of 25 sovereigns as a small token of their respect and esteem and to wish you and yours all prosperity and happiness in the future.
I remain, Yours sincerely .................... H M Mower? 
Smith, Benjamin Gilmore (I10192)
 
24

Australian Dictionary of Biography entry for:
SHELLEY (SHELLY) WILLIAM (1774-1815), missionary and trader, was born on 29 May 1774 at Hanley, Staffordshire, England, where his family had long been associated with the local potteries He was apprenticed to a cabinet maker at Leek, joined the Congregational Church in 1794 and volunteered as an artisan missionary to the (London) Missionary Society He was one of the party which sailed in the Duff in 1796 with Rev J F Cover [q. v.] and was a member of the original mission to Tonga. When the Tongans killed three missionaries in 1799 he escaped and next year went to Sydney in the Betsy, in company with the Anna Josepha, navigated by Rev John Harris [q. v.] Shelley took up his residence with Rowland Hassall [q. v.] at Parramatta, commenced his own trade, and helped in the religious work of the settlement

In March 1801 he left for England in the Royal Admiral in the hope of reopening the Tongan mission, but after arriving at Tahiti decided to join the mission there He returned to Sydney to marry Elizabeth Bean, daughter of a free settler, which he did on 7 October and returned to Tahiti next month While in the colony he impressed Samuel Marsden [q. v.] with the dangers to the mission of establishing a government colony at Tahiti and proposed that the pork trade should be conducted by the Missionary Society Shelley was deeply impressed with the need of a ship to support the mission by trade and, being dissatisfied with the organization of the mission, determined to work independently He returned to Sydney in the Lucy in April 1806, taking with him about forty gallons of rum made secretly at the mission still to use for barter Soon he entered into a commercial arrangement with John Macarthur and Garnham Blaxcell [q. v.] and engaged as supercargo in the Elizabeth, which had been bought to open trade in sandalwood with Fiji. However, Shelley sailed to Tahiti in the Harrington in January 1807 There he built the Halcyon, which he sent to Sydney with a cargo of pork, and in May he joined the Elizabeth, returning to Sydney in June and again in November, estimating that his own share was upwards of 1,000-pounds Convinced that a trading ship was essential if the mission was to prosper, and with plans to reopen the Tongan mission, he sailed for London in the Albion in November 1808, but he could not convince the directors that he was right, even though he had the help of Marsden, who was then in England

Early in 1810 Shelley returned to New South Wales and next year opened a general store in York Street, Sydney In August 1812 he was granted 400 acres at Cabramatta and a town lease at Cockle Bay, but early in 1813 he closed his business and sailed from Sydney in May as master of the Queen Charlotte. In the Tuamotus the ship was seized by Raiatean pearl divers, three men were murdered and Shelley narrowly escaped with his life He recovered the ship at Tahiti and returned to Sydney in February 1814 with a large cargo of shells and 'as large a quantity of pearls as has ever yet been procured by a single vessel' It was probably during this voyage that Shelley left a European artisan at Tongatapu preparatory to reopening the mission there

Resettling at Parramatta, Shelley conducted Congregational services in his house and commenced work among the Aboriginals He attempted to learn the language, took some children into his own family and addressed Governor Macquarie on 'the practicability of civilizing them. He was invited to draw up plans and in December was appointed superintendent and principal instructor of the Native Institution at Parramatta, the first of its kind in the colony However, after establishing the school, he died on 6 July 1815.

According to Marsden, with whom he was on intimate terms, Shelley was a man 'of very comprehensive mind.' Macarthur described him as 'respectable and intelligent' Captain House found him an over 'busy' person, whilst to W. P. Crook [q. v.], he was 'bustling and active', with his heart set on this world' Macquarie described him as well qualified and a 'Moral, Well Meaning Man' Mrs Shelley continued the work of the institution, but despite Macquarie's interest it met with little success and was closed in 1826. Shelley's plans to reopen the Tongan mission were also abandoned, but later Mrs Shelley persuaded Rev Walter Lawry [q. v.] to reopen it She died on 20 September 1878. Two of their sons, William (1803-1845) and George (1812-1852), were among the pioneers of the Tumut district, taking their herds beyond the Nineteen Counties in 1829.
 
Shelley, William (I884)
 
25

Autobiographical note written by Gwen Brown

My memory takes me back to when I was four years old when my father took me on a horse up a hill on our property at Brawlin, to dig out rabbits. He was digging at a burrow when he said, "Oh, there are some baby rabbits in here", and of course I leaned over the hole to have a look, inquisitive like, just as he lifted the pick out of the hole and it hit me in the corner of my eye; I have the scar to this day. Dad (Les Aspland) was so upset and it was a wonder that he never fainted as he was good at that - even on the night that I was born, so he told me. Anyhow, he put me on the horse and quickly rode home.

My school days at Young Primary, after leaving Cootamundra at the age of four years, are memorable regards a ringworm I had once on the point of my nose when I was eight years old. The doctor prescribed black ointment to be put on it. I hated going to school. I was also made to wear a pair of shoes I disliked very much because they had a strap across the instep and very thick crepe soles.

My High School days were better as I loved sport and was always chosen in sports events. In 1928 I won a silver medal in the shape of a shield for running and I will always treasure it. I achieved the Intermediate Certificate in third year and left school at the age of fourteen.

I started work at O Gilpins store for a weekly wage of seven shillings and nine pence (79 cents) of which I gave my mother five shillings (50 cents). After working there for twelve months I left and went and worked for a Mr Wareham who owned the store named C.D.S. I never did ask what those letters stood for. My wage then was seventeen shillings and sixpence ($1.75) per week and I was still giving my mother five shillings per week. I thought I was made; I even bought a wardrobe and dressing table for my bedroom. When I got married my mother said, "You had better take that with you as you will need it". Even up to this day it causes a lot of laughs between our four daughters as, one day when they were young, they were playing hide and seek; one hid in the wardrobe and broke through the bottom of it.

I fell in love with my husband Ted Brown and we were married on 26th December 1934. We have four daughters and have had a very happy and interesting life together. We have just celebrated our 61 years of marriage. On our fortieth anniversary one of our grandsons asked his grandfather, "How do you live so long with one person?"; he made us a leather medal.

Ted, when we were married, was a dairyman on his father's dairy. We also had a poultry farm and when the girls were older we moved to town (Young) and bought a mixed business, stayed in that for eight and a half years (1956 - 1964) and then we retired. I now play bowls after giving up tennis and have achieved something that hasn't been done in the club for over twenty odd years. In 1994 I won the "Grand Slam" in our club (YWBC) Championships. Skipped the fours, triples and pairs then won the singles. I also helped win a pennant for the club the same year and was chosen by the council and tourism committees as "Sports Person of the Year". I was presented with an engraved silver tray of which I am very proud.
 
Aspland, Clarice Gwendoline (I77)
 
26

Autobiographical note written by Les Aspland circa 1981 when he was 91 years old.

My family consisted of Mum and Dad, Perce, Nell, Ethel, Hilda, Bert, Ada, Clarice, Dorrie and myself.

Mum had very little to feed the family, but we were all fed well. At meal times there was no talking unless it was from Mum or Dad. There was all the old style cooking - stews, puddings and plenty of meat which was cheap then.

Perce was a cabinet maker and upholsterer. Ethel was a governess, Nell in a shop, Hilda in a drapers shop, Bert a house painter with Dad, Ada in a baker's shop, Clarice a nurse girl and Dorrie in a drapery shop.

We had a big tub for a bath, no shower in those days, and heated the water on the stove. I belonged to a bike club but the others were not involved in any sport. Hilda was learning singing and sang very well. I was at all their weddings and got bilious at every one of them, except at my own wedding. Nervous attacks!

One of my earliest memories was when I was 5 years old and my father was a paper hanger and house painter working out at Cobden. A man at Cobden had a small piebald pony, and he asked DAD (William) if he would bring it into Camperdown behind his wagon. It duly arrived, and I went out into the yard to see it, and DAD put me on it, and it raced around the back yard and I sat on it till it ran under the clothes line which caught me under the neck and I thought it had cut my head off.

We lived about 100 yards from the school. When I was 6 years old my sister took me to school, but as soon as the bell rang to go inside I used to run home. It took about two weeks to break me in.

As time went on, it was the usual thing for two boys to have a fight every day after school, and I eventually finished up with about six fights all of which I won, but they were all very gory. As soon as I was hit on the nose I used to bleed freely and there was blood everywhere. I have only had one fight since I left school, which I won, and that was in the Sunday School ground, and the Superintendent tried to stop it. They had cut down a pine tree in the yard and I picked up a limb and hit him on the legs and made him sick, and he went home, but that ended the fight and we both went into Sunday School covered in blood. Another chap took over and gave a speech about it and cautioned us.

[The following is an extract from a story Les told his grand daughter Louise Schuhkraft (nee Dwyer) Ed.]
"Les tells the story of one Friday evening of Mr. Birrell, the Headmaster of the Camperdown School where Les attended, and who lived next door to Les, went to Melbourne for the weekend and left three of his daughters at home. Les and Billy Hall, Maurie Bailey, and Alf Fringer, sneaked over to Mr. Birrell's home and legged each other up to the high windows to look at the girls chasing each other around the lounge room. Les legged the other three boys into the room but of course was then left stranded outside. A great time was had by all except Les. However on Monday morning at assembly Mr. Birrell called the four boys into his office. Maurie Bailey jumped out the window as he had a heart condition and knew that his Father would protect him from being caned, but Billy and Alf got 6 cuts and Les received 12 as he had been the one to leg them in.

On another occasion a Mr. McNicoll arrived for his first day of teaching at the school, and upon entering Les's class room, stated to his pupils that he operated on one system only and that was discipline; discipline; discipline; Les turned to the boy next to him and whispered, "Gee this is going to be rough" and was immediately called to the front of the classroom and caned. However the following day Mr. McNicoll must have regretted his hasty decision as he gave Les all the good jobs to do. After this a mutual liking sprang, and later Les and his sister corresponded with Mr. McNicoll. This gentleman went on to become a politician and eventually the Administrator Of New Guinea."

LES treasured these letters that he received from his old school teacher and kept them for many years, in fact it was for 74 years. When going through his things he decided to send one of the letters to his son David McNicoll. He did this and received the following reply;

BOX 4088, SYDNEY
JAN. 12
DEAR MR.ASPLAND,
What a wonderful surprise to be sent a 74- year- old letter from my father. I found it most interesting, and have sent a copy to my eldest brother, who completed a biography of my Father last year. My Father certainly had a varied career - Teacher - Soldier - Politician - and finally Administrator Of New Guinea.

We were very proud of him.

I wish you many more years of health and happiness.

Yours sincerely,

DAVID McNICOLL.



Now back to Les's own words.

Only once was I roused on by Dad. I met him down the street on Christmas Eve with his foreman, they were both drunk and I said to him, "go home you silly fool". As he turned towards me I ran up a lane into the backyard of a grocer's shop and hid in a big box till I thought I was safe. When I got home at 10 o'clock Mum was waiting at the front gate and told me to sneak in as Dad was very annoyed with me. So, I sure was quiet. I got up early the next morning and went down to a mate until I thought Dad had gone down the street. But, when I went home he was just coming out of the gate and said, "don't you ever speak to me like that again." I was quite happy with this outcome.

Dad used to buy a pig at the saleyards and get a man to cut it up. On one occasion I was helping bring it home with a rope on its leg when, a quarter of a mile from home the rope came off. It was nearly dark and we had quite a job catching it and getting it home.

I left school at the age of thirteen (in some letters he says twelve Ed.) years on a Friday with William Fisher (who was later to marry my sister Ada), and we were both apprenticed on the Monday for seven years, with Walls and Horne; I as a Coach Painter and Bill on the Woodwork, as they were Carriage Builders and also Undertakers. I stayed there several years during which time I always drove the pair of horses in the Hearse, and later when the boss was on holidays or sick, I conducted the funerals, some of which were very funny as we hired horses from the livery stables and at times got one that would jib and it was an awkward position to be in, and it happened four times to me.

We had a very big area to cover, up to 50 miles on one occasion. About 15 miles out we had to go down a very steep hill, but half way down we had to turn into the gate to go to the house and all was well but, when we came out as soon as we struck the hill one horse jibbed, and no effort could get them to go. Another chap was the driver that day, and I was conducting. The Carriage following had two horses so we changed over, and when the funeral topped the hill my mate belted them all the way at a gallop, and I made it in time for the burial.

On one occasion when my boss was in Melbourne I conducted a funeral of an old lady, very thin, about 82 years old, and her husband was about the same build. I had been out to measure her, and they made the coffin, and the next day I went to conduct the funeral. In those days a fair amount of liquor was taken by some of the mourners, and I asked the husband if he wanted any particular people to carry the coffin, and he asked how many I wanted. I said," sometimes they have six, and sometimes four " and he said, " six be buggered, you and I can carry her, she's as light as a feather." He was well under the grog so I got four. I could write a book on my experiences at funerals.

A few days after my father died my boss and I went to lift a woman into her coffin and I let go and fainted, and came to on the floor with the nurse bathing my head.

Another time we went to Darlington and there was a mouse plague on and all harness was put on wires out of reach, and when we got there the mourners were sitting around a table with a kerosene tin on the floor at the end, and on the table they had a board with cheese on the end. The board was fixed so it would tilt, and the mice were in the tin of water in hundreds. In the night my mate had his moustache half eaten off.

When I was about 14 years old I used to go out shooting rabbits that were very plentiful at the time and sell them for sixpence a pair and made good money for the half day holiday.

I left Walls & Thorne after three years and went to work in Terang, fourteen miles from Camperdown, for A J Thomas the leading carriage builders of Victoria. They had a very big staff and used to win every year at the Melbourne Show in those years. A year later I switched over to house painting in Terang for Clarke Bros. I rode my push bike from Camperdown to Terang and back each day for the two years I worked with the two companies, and was never late but often wet through.

I bought a block of land opposite my mother's place in Hopetoun Street for ?50 and when I was 19 years old I got two weeks off from Clarke Bros. to put up the frame of a new house with Maurice McMahon and Boyle. Maurice was paid ?3 per week to build the house and Boyle ?2-8-0. The house cost ?208. I never lived in it but rented it out. I later sold it to my sister Ada. When I later built a home in Young, I used the same design as that I had built in Camperdown.

I had worked as a house painter for a man named Hugh Cummins. The manager of the Bank in Camperdown owned two houses in Gippsland and he wanted the boss to go down and paint them. The boss took me with him so we went on the train and stayed the night in Melbourne, and that night we went to see Sinbad The Sailor, and next morning we caught the Cobb & Co. Coach at Dandenong for Toora.

We boarded with a man and wife with two daughters about my age and I fell in love with the younger one, and for a long time after I went back home we wrote regularly, but I met another girl, and somehow we parted. I had letters from her, and her mother wrote and asked me to make it up as Phyllis was fretting over it. Even to-day I feel sorry it turned out that way, as she was a lovely girl. Many years later I had afternoon tea with her sister, but I never saw Phyl. again.

About a year after I started with Clarke Bros., they took on a contract to paint Danedite Homestead, which was being renovated for Marion Manifold's wedding (Sir Chester's sister, I think) to Captain Adams, a Sea Captain, and they got two carpenters out from England to build the new stables, all built of Jarra wood. Four stalls, a chauffeur's room, car room, a 20ft x 20ft all white tiled room for washing cars and buggies, and a feed room etc. to cost ?10,000 ($20,000), a lot of money in those days. The stalls were boarded up 4ft, then lattice with 6 inch openings and all morticed in one another, and they were sure experts couldn't get a bit of putty in anywhere. Feed boxes of porcelain and the same with the automatic water drinkers.

I was still painting Danedite Homestead when I got two weeks holiday to come to NSW to be best man at my brother's wedding. (His brother Alfred Herbert Aspland, who married Minnie Knight in August 1914. Ed.) I met a girl I later married, and was offered a job as coach painter, so stayed at my sister's home in Cootamundra, that was in August 1914. My sister Hilda was Mrs. Lloyd Holmes.

When I left Victoria I was to return after two weeks as I had no idea of staying in NSW, so I had left everything behind including my sulky, two ponies, harness, saddles etc. I had to get my brother to sell everything.

After being in NSW a while, I bought a hairdressing business in Cootamundra with two barbers employed, so I set to learn the trade. After about two years I found one of the men to be a thief so sacked him, and carried on the shop for about 8 years and did well, but had got very sick and had to sell out. The doctor said I needed outside work. and so, on recovery, I bought 550 acres eight miles out at Brawlin, and had a new home built on it as I had sold my home in Cootamundra.

I bought 500 sheep and was a grazier for four years and eventually sold out.

I went to Grenfell to buy a Newsagency but although the two brothers had it for sale, when I got there one of them decided not to sell. I came back as far as Young and stayed the night, and met a man I knew from Cootamundra who was working at Young and boarding with a hairdresser who wanted to sell. I saw him the next morning and decided to buy it, and at one time was employing three barbers, and a girl in the shop. I had a very large stock of tobacco and cigarettes and all hairdressing and smokers' equipment, and carried on the business with the addition of seeds and plants for thirty five years, very successfully. I bought the shop in 1921 and sold out and retired in 1954

I have had a very good life and have enjoyed having a family of four; Gwen, Audrey, Mona, & Ray, and they have all been very good to me throughout my life, and I hope that they will have as good a life as I have had.

LIFE IS WHAT ONE MAKES IT.

YOURS SINCERELY,

LESLIE JAMES ASPLAND.
 
Aspland, Leslie James (I75)
 
27

Awarded Royal Red Cross
For several years Sister Pidgeon was a member of the nursing staff of Sydney Hospital, but when war came its call was insistent, and the light to which she turned was the lamp of Florence Nightingale; to the succour of sick and wounded soldiers of Australia it led her to within sound of the guns on Gallipoli, to the parched sands of Egypt, and to the stricken fields of France, where German brutality spares not even the Red Cross, and where only a few months ago nine heroic women working beside her were killed in the night by bombs, and nine others were wounded. the consistent bravery of this Sydney girl has now been recognised by the award of the Royal red Cross - an honour rare and highly prized amongst the thousands of noble women of the British race who, under the Red Cross, have added new and wonderful glories to the traditions of womanhood during the present war.Leaving Sydney about three years ago with the 3rd Australian General Hospital, under Dr. Fiaschi, Sister Pidgeon, who is the eldest daughter of Mr. T. Pidgeon, of 98 High Street, North Sydney, went to Lemnos island, where she remained for eight months. After this she spent six months in Egypt, followed by a similar period at the new Kitchener Hospital at Brighton (England), and then she went to France, where she has been ever since. The ribbon of her decoration was presented by General Birdwood, and the cross itself is to be pinned on by the King. - The Sydney Daily Telegraph (?), 1917
 
Pidgeon, Elsie Clare (I23112)
 
28

BARBARA WILSON McINNES

Barbara was the elder child of Jonas Jackson and Jane Mathieson, and had a brother, William Mathieson, some seven years her junior. Her father, Jonas Jackson, was an English seaman from Newcastle on Tyne. Jonas had contracted small pox while in the Black Sea and, after a long convalescence, was advised to settle in New South Wales, arriving in Newcastle in 1912, and taking a position on the Newcastle wharves. He also joined the local fire brigade and served in both the Carrington and Hamilton brigades until his retirement. Jonas' mother had died when he was a babe and his father's mother came to care for him while his sister, three years older, was taken by the mother's parents, Wilson, who had come to Newcastle on Tyne from Scotland. Grandmother Jackson died when Jonas was just six and his father married again but both the father and step-mother had died by the time Jonas was 13. All alone, Jonas went to sea.

Jane was the eldest daughter of William Mathieson whose father, Alexander, was manager of the Hetton Colliery which mined under Newcastle harbour. The Mathieson family had come from Scotland in the 1840's and Alexander's father, William, had settled on the Hunter River. William was married to a sister of James and Alexander Brown who were to develop the coal industry in the Hunter region. Alexander married Christina Miller, one of the families settled in the Hunter area in the early days. Alexander was one of the first elders of St. Andrew's Kirk, Newcastle, and had had much to do with its construction. On becoming manager of the Hetton Colliery at Carrington, he built his home in Carrington, believing that he should live amongst the men he employed. Among her earliest memories Barbara has those associated with her great grandparents were closely associated with all the local people and community development until their death.

It was at Carrington that Barbara received her first schooling. Her first day at school was in the company of Milton Merrilees whom, she was to meet again, many years later when a return to Newcastle was made in 1977. However, the family soon moved to Mayfield and later to 12 Sandon St., Hamilton. Barbara was a bright school girl and set her mind on becoming a teacher of domestic science, enrolling in a course that opened at the Newcastle Technical College as her High School. However, the great depression of 1930 saw the course closed in 1931 and she was faced with the prospect of recommencing high school or finding work. Through the good offices of friends she was offered employment at Breckenridges, Hunter Street, Newcastle, a store dealing in women's wear. One of the senior members of the store was Miss Constance Collins with whom Barbara formed a lasting friendship. Constance Collins and Barbara often traveled to Sydney by boat for the weekend, using the yearly boat ticket of the store, staying in town, visiting important places including the churches, and returning by boat on Sunday night ready for work on Monday morning.
From 1928, when the family moved to Hamilton, Barbara was involved in the Hamilton Presbyterian Church, at that time under the ministry of the Rev. Joseph Lundie. She attended the Sunday School and then became a teacher, taking a class of boys from the kindergarten right through to the senior bible class. She sang in the choir and became a member of the Fellowship Association. In the association were also Constance Collins and Bernie Newbert, two senior members, both serious and progressive theological thinkers who had a profound influence on the younger members. Becoming active in the district council of the Presbyterian Fellowship Association, Barbara was responsible for arranging the annual P.F.A. district Eisteddfod and was appointed Registrar of the Easter Camp. She and Constance Collins played a prominent part in selecting camp sites for some years and in the organisation of the camps. It was in this capacity that she was involved in the Easter Camp, 1935, which was held on the race course at Rutherford, West Maitland. And at this camp she met Robert Lachlan McInnes of East Maitland, at that time a university student preparing for the ministry of the Presbyterian Church. It was the commencement of a life long relationship. Though her mother did not approve of the relationship, realising that it would take her daughter away from Newcastle and her maternal influence, the attraction between Barbara and Lachlan was not to be denied and they were married some five and a half years later. It was a long courtship which was conducted largely by mail, Lachlan being in Sydney and Barbara in Newcastle. It was only at vacation time that they were able to meet, and that only for a day at a time until August 1938 when Lachlan left St. Andrew's College and was appointed as student in charge of the Camden church, boarding with the Coates family in Menangle Road, opposite St. John's Anglican Church whose bells chimed the quarter hours all through the day and night. Barbara was then able to take a holiday in Camden, and later in Marulan, where Lachlan, for a few months in 1939, was working and boarding with the Purves family of Tallong.

Breckenridges store held no future for its employees and Barbara was offered a position by a family friend, Eric Scott, director of Scotts Ltd., one of the two leading stores in Newcastle. She became head of the baby wear department and made frequent trips to Sydney to purchase stock for the store.

Marriage came on the 15th. October, 1940, where Lachlan, having completed his course of training at the end of 1939, had been appointed assistant to the Rev. Charles McAlpine at Tamworth. As an assistant minister, Lachlan was given a stipend of four pounds a week, paying thirty shillings in board. Barbara was earning four pounds ten shillings a week as a buyer at Scotts which was surrendered with marriage. It was a very quiet wedding at the demand of Barbara's mother, and was celebrated in the manse at Hamilton with the Rev. William Young, then the minister of the Hamilton Church. Those present were the minister, his wife, the four parents and Barbara's brother, Bill. The honeymoon was just for a couple of days spent at Gosford. Married on the Tuesday, they were back in Newcastle on the Thursday, to put a deposit on some furniture at Mackie's Furniture Store in Newcastle. Back to Tamworth by train on the Saturday to arrive for a congregational tea that evening with turned out to be more of a wedding breakfast for Barbara and Lachlan. Sunday saw Lachlan taking country services, accompanied by his new wife. They boarded with the Murdoch McInnes family in Tamworth for the first two months of their marriage, leaving little of the four pounds a week for social activities.

Meantime, negotiations were under way for ordination and induction into the pastoral charge of St. Paul's Church, Walcha, and this eventuated in December, 1940, Barbara becoming the Lady of the Manse, to exercise a ministry in her own right within the communities in which they served.
The rest of the story is bound up with the stories of the various parishes in which they worked together, however, we make a list of Barbara's own involvement.

In Walcha, she worked in the Voluntary Aid, assisting in the entertainment and welfare of the soldiers camped on the Walcha Showground, and serving as treasurer of the Country Women's Association branch.

In Gunnedah, she continued her service in the Voluntary Aid, giving help and guidance in the conduct of the used clothing store for local and overseas relief. Membership of the Country Women's Association was also part of her life.

In Goulburn she was responsible for the establishment of the Evening Fellowship, a group of women who were to exercise an influence beyond the church community. She became involved in the Arts Council and in several community groups. Appointment came to the State Council of the Presbyterian Women's Association of which she was to be awarded later, a life membership.

In Burwood, with the family now largely independent, Barbara's involvement in community affairs and in the church at large increased considerably. As a member of the P.W.A. state committee she was responsible for setting up the Programme Committee with the purpose of conducting schools in leadership and meeting procedure for women. She trained in the Group Life Laboratories conducted by the Rev. Stan Eldred, and was able to raise the standard both of meetings and the knowledge of the church's work in congregations. With a small group Barbara conducted "schools" for P.W.A. members in many places, traveling through much of the state. She was appointed to the Assembly Christian Education Committee, serving thereon until 1977 when church union occurred. During the time that Lachlan was Moderator of the Church in N.S.W., Barbara traveled with him extensively and met with women throughout the state. Appointment came to the Joint Board of Christian Education necessitating Barbara's attendance at meetings in Melbourne.

Local church and community work in Burwood took much of her time. St.James' Church had its own branch of Red Cross. The branch had been established on the outbreak of war in 1914 and some of the original members were still active, meeting weekly to sew and make items for the military hospital at Concord as well as arranging fund raising appeals. Barbara's involvement was kept to a minimum because of her other commitments. She was active in community welfare work, and established a weekly gathering for handicapped people in the church hall of a Wednesday morning. People came from the local area and from nursing homes to enjoy an "outing" with games, dancing and morning tea with others. Arranged on a community basis, helpers came from other churches as well as St. James, assisting in the morning tea and in the conduct of the meetings. Human nature being what it is, there were those in the congregation who murmured against the club, asking why church property should be used for those who did not contribute to it. However, there was much good done and most approved quite heartily. The establishment of the Burwood Aid Society gave further involvement. As a result of this contact was made with the local office of community service and relationship made with the local social workers. The Community Referral Office was established, first in the old picture theatre and then in the lane behind Burwood Road. Efforts began which led to the establishment in 1978 of the Burwood Community Centre.

In 1977 Church Union brought Barbara, and Lachlan into the Uniting Church. Although the congregation of St. James', Burwood, in the first vote had decided on union, in the second vote taken in 1976 the necessary two thirds majority for union was not achieved and St. James' came to remain a part of the continuing Presbyterian Church. Many of the leading members became part of the Uniting Church congregation in Burwood and a rump remained to struggle, not very successfully, to maintain the witness of what had been one of the strongest congregations in NSW. Barbara and Lachlan were called to the Uniting Church parish of New Lambton and Barbara returned to the Newcastle district.

In New Lambton Barbara found that in a predominantly Methodist parish there was little recognition of her Christian Education skills and her efforts were not welcome. As a result she involved herself in the setting up of a Friendship Club for Senior Citizens which Lachlan had been asked to form by the New Lambton Rotary Club of which he had become a member. While Lachlan remained as President, Barbara was the chief coordinator and arranged the programs. The club was hosted by the Church, meeting in the Trinity Church Hall, and sponsored by the Rotary Club. Working on an ecumenical basis it gathered over a hundred members with rostered helpers, among whom were Anglicans and Roman Catholics who contributed much to the life of the club. While it did not meet with the universal approval of the Trinity Church members, it was supported by most and continued to meet a tremendous need.

Retirement came in 1982 and in 1983 Barbara and Lachlan moved to Bowral. There was no opportunity given at the time for Barbara to exercise her particular talents within the church and, after some investigation of all community organisations, Barbara became involved in the Bowral Branch of Red Cross. In this she was soon appointed secretary and then became President. The branch which had been in the doldrums was given new life. Telecross, a form of Red Cross service to people at risk had just begun and Barbara was responsible for its introduction into the Wingecarribee Shire. She was known as the contact person for Red Cross throughout Bowral and was awarded by the N.S.W Council of Red Cross awards for her meritorious service.

This is a brief record of a life spent in faithful devotion to the Christian task by one with leadership and organisational abilities. While she was involved in church and community affairs family needs were never forgotten.
 
Jackson, Barbara Wilson (I112)
 
29

Becket, James c1758 - c1808
On 17 June 1788 Becket was arrested and charged with the highway robbery of Joseph Tipton in the parish of Holy Cross and St Giles in the town of Shrewsbury. A hempen bag, a linsey waistcoat, two handkerchiefs (one cotton and one silk) and nine shillings in cash had been stolen. In a statement signed with a mark X, Becket said he had been at Mr Pugh's house in Shrewsbury from 6pm till 8.30pm on the night of the crime and had crossed the road to eat his supper at his mother's. He had gone to the bed which he shared with his sister at about nine and remained there till five the next morning. Tipton, a shoemaker of Westbury, alleged that Becket had knocked him down and robbed him between 10 and 11pm on 10 June. Penelope Sheppard said she had seen both men at Mr George's at Norton (a village just outside Shrewsbury) between 8 and 9pm and that they had left together and walked towards the town [Pugh's and George's were probably pubs]. Becket was found guilty and sentenced to death at the 26 July 1788 Shrewsbury (Shropshire) Assizes. He was reprieved to transportation for life in October and remained in Shrewsbury Gaol until early November 1789 when he was sent with three other convicts to the Thames hulk Stanislaus, age given as 30. On the 20th he was embarked on the Surprize transport.

Becket was a skilled brickmaker and soon after arrival he was placed in charge of the brick kilns at Rose Hill (Parramatta). Writing in November 1790 the Marines officer Watkin Tench reported that Becket had 52 people working under him and was producing 25,000 bricks per week. He told Tench he had worked as a brickmaker at Birmingham prior to his conviction, which suggests that he may have committed his crime while staying with his mother during a spell of unemployment.

On 30 January 1791 Becket married Ann Calcut (qv) at Rose Hill, both signing with their marks X. A son, Samuel, baptised there on 2 October, died aged 16 months. Although a prisoner for life, Becket was allowed to earn money and in July 1802 was recorded holding a 30 acre farm at Concord by purchase. Three and a half acres were sown in wheat with another three ready for planting maize. He owned one hog and supported his wife and four children. The family seem to have lived mainly near Parramatta. By 1806 Becket had received a conditional pardon and in August of that year the muster of landholders lists him as a settler on 30 acres in the Parramatta district. He was cultivating 11 acres in wheat, maize barley and vegetables, owned five goats and nine hogs and held ten bushels of maize from a previous crop. It seems likely that this farm was located east of Parramatta on what later became known as Becket's Creek and A'Becket Street, near John Macarthur's Elizabeth Farm and modern Rosehill Race course. It seems likely that he was associated with the construction of Becket's Bridge near Parramatta which was built prior to April 1805 when it was referred to in a Sydney Gazette notice. In August 1806 Becket was granted 30 acres in the Toongabbie district [in the vicinity of Old Windsor Road and Vardys Road].

The latest colonial record traced for Becket is his signature on an address from settlers to Governor Bligh dated 1 January 1808. No record of his death has been found, but by 1814 Ann Becket was described as a widow. Other children born to the couple were James (1793), Samuel (1795), Esther (1798) and Mary (1801).

Notes: Beckett's committal examination is at PRO ASS15/108/ptl; he may have been the James Becket charged at the lent 1785 Shrewsbury Assizes with the highway robbery of Joseph Gwyn in which a purse and money were stolen; this robbery also took place in the parish of Holy Cross and St Giles [the outcome of the case has not been checked, but he was probably acquitted]; for brickmaking details see Tench, Watkin Sydney's First Four Years p196; Becket is definitely recorded in the published version of the landholders' muster of 1802 as holding a farm at Concord by purchase. It has been suggested that this entry is an error because Becket is thought to have been living in or near Parramatta at the time. It is possible, however, that he lived near Parramatta and employed men to work the purchased farm at Concord. In 1806 he was recorded holding another farm outside Parramatta which he had probably also purchased. The 1806 muster is somewhat ambiguous, listing him as a settler on 30 acres at Parramatta in the general muster and on an unspecified grant in the landholders muster. The confusion probably arose from the fact that he was occupying the Parramatta farm at the time of the muster and received the Toongabbie grant in the same month. The Toongabbie grant may have been the 30 acres held by Becket's son James at Seven Hills in 1828. James senior had died insolvent according to a government document dating from about 1820 (ML MSS Bigge Appendix box 12 p51). Some details contributed by A. McEwan, A. Needham & P. Scott
 
Becket, James (I9621)
 
30

BICYCLE CLUB
A meeting of persons favourable to the formation of a bicycle club in Yass was held at Mote's hotel on Saturday evening. There were ten persons pre- sent. Mr. W. Howard was voted to the chair, and after he had explained the object of the meeting, Mr. Styles proposed--That a bicycle club be formed in Yass, to be called the Yass Bicycle Club. Mr. Knox seconded the motion, which was carried. On the motion of Mr Knox, seconded by Mr. Styles, it was resolved that the entrance fee be 2s 6d.. The following members were then enrolled:- T. Colls, A. C. Wood, J. F. Mote, J. Styles, D. W. Howell, W. Howard, S. Colls, G. W. Wilson, J. Knox, F. Mote, J. Horan, and F. Bard. The following gentlemen were elected office-bearers :?President, Mr. T. Colls, J.P., vice-president, Mr. A. C. Wood, mayor; secretary and treasurer, Mr. W. Howard. A com- mittee, consisting of Messrs., T. Colls, A. C. Wood, W. Howard, J. Styles, J. Knox, G. W. Wilson, and S. Colls, was appointed for the purpose of drawing up a code of rules for the guidance of the club, and submit the same to a meeting of members to be held at Mote's hotel on Wednesday evening, 1st July, at 7.30.
 
Mote, James Frederick (I18)
 
31

Bill Wales was educated at the Cootamundra Intermediate High School and obtained the Intermediate Certificate in 1933. He joined the 1st Cootamundra Troop of Boy Scouts, became a Patrol Leader and gained All Round Cords, in addition to other various proficiency badges.

He was selected for employment with the Department of Railways at Cootamundra on 23rd September 1936 and transferred to Wyalong as a Junior Clerk on 13th April 1937. He was granted leave from the Railways to attend Military Camp at Wallgrove, NSW from 23rd January to 22nd April 1940, as a member of the 21st Light Horse Regiment from the Riverina district.

Bill was again granted leave from the Railways to enlist in the Australian Imperial Forces on 13th March 1941. He served with the AIF in the Middle East and New Guinea during World War II and was demobilized on 13th June 1946 with the rank of Corporal. He was awarded the 1939/45 Star, Africa Star, Pacific Star, War Medal 1939/45 and the Australian Service Medal.

Bill married Elza Booth (n?e Jones) on Saturday 3rd August 1946 at Canterbury, NSW. Elza was the daughter of Joseph Jones and Metta Wilhelmina Meyer and Bill had met her when they were both posted to an Army Ordnance Depot at Moorebank, NSW. Elza, served with the Australian Womens Army Service for three years during WWII, and in addition to her duties with the AAOC, took part in concerts arranged by the Army Entertainments Officer at Leichhardt, Sydney. She was selected to attend an LHQ AAOC School for General Army Organisation and Ordnance Procedure at Broadmeadows, Victoria, and obtained a DISTINGUISHED Certificate on 27th July 1945 with a pass of 85 1/2%. Elza was awarded the War Medal (1939/45) and the Australian Service Medal in recognition of her service with the Australian Military Forces during WWII

Bill and Elza purchased a block of land and built a cottage at what is now known as 32 Noble Avenue, Greenacre, NSW.

Due to the economic circumstances which existed at that time, and as her husband was a shift worker with the Department of Railways, Elza, obtained employment in a private capacity with an electrical firm at Sydenham, with which she remained for a number of years. She later served with several State and Commonwealth departments and authorities; among which were the Bureau of Census and Statistics, Foreign Affairs, Australia Post and the Public Transport Commission of NSW from which she retired on 22nd October 1977. Elza, was well versed in classical music and poetry, and was for some years interested in the philosophy of Yoga. She was a good pianist and had a fine contralto voice.

Bill resumed employment with the Department of Railways on 22nd July 1946 and remained with that department, later known as the Public Transport Commission, until his retirement on 15th July 1979; a total period of 43 years service.

Elza lived in retirement with her husband, Bill, at their home in Greenacre until she died at Lidcombe Hospital on 27th September 1993.

Bill died on 23 January 2002 
Wales, William Leslie (I12387)
 
32

Biographical note written by her daughter Audrey Mote
Phyllis was the first child born to Louisa and Robert Mutch of 44 Crown Street, Cootamundra. She was born on Monday 6 July 1896 at Parker Street, Cootamundra, and was registered by her father, Robert Mutch, a farmer of 28 years, on 20th August 1896. The witness was Mrs Sharp.
Phyllis eventually had two brothers, Bert and Jack, and two sisters, Ethel and Elma.
Nothing is known at present of her early school days up until her teens when she worked in the office of Attwood's shop at Cootamundra. I also seem to remember that she worked at some time as a milliner, making and decorating ladies' hats.
It was in her teens that she met my Dad, Leslie James Aspland, who had come up to Cootamundra from Camperdown in Victoria, to be best man at his brother Bert's wedding. Les was staying with his sister Hilda and her husband Lloyd Holmes.
Evidently Phyllis saw this nice looking young stranger in town, dressed to the nines in a double breasted navy suit and fur felt swedish style hat, and decided to get to know him. And according to Leslie she often went out of her way to do just that. Anyway it must have worked for both of them as they were married in the Methodist Church in Cootamundra on 24th JULY, 1916 and travelled to Victoria for their honeymoon. It was a Monday night when Phyllis Nellie Mutch and Leslie James Aspland were married by Rev. Bellhouse. The bride was given away by her father, and wore a pretty frock of white crepe-de-chene, the bodice being daintily trimmed with satin and pearls, and lined with pale pink ninon. She wore the customary wreath and veile.
Miss Ethel Mutch was bridesmaid; her dress was of white cotton voile, trimmed with shadow lace. She also wore a mob cap of white tulle, lined with pale pink ninon, ninon roses, and velvet streamers. The bridegroom's gift to the bridesmaid was a cameo ring. Mr. E. Thompson acted as best man. The bride's mother wore a black costume.
At the end of the ceremony, the bridal party and guests adjourned to the residence of the bride's parents, "Glenroy", Crown Street, Cootamundra, where the wedding breakfast was held.
Later in the evening, the happy couple left by the express train for Camperdown, Victoria, where the honeymoon was spent. The bride's travelling dress was a navy coat and skirt , and a violet hat.
The bride's gift to the bridegroom was a pair of silver sleeve links, and the bridegroom's gift to the bride being an aquamarine pendant.
They came back to Cootamundra and settled, and Lloyd Holmes lent Les ?275 to purchase a barber's shop. He had this for about 3 years and suffered fainting spells (probably from too much standing) so the Doctor advised a change of work.
I can imagine it was an important decision for them, but they eventually decided to try the land, and bought 550 acres at Brawlin (just out of Coota.) The purchase price was ?4,000 and they borrowed ?500 so I imagine it was an important step for them to take. They built a new home on the land and were there for 4 years.
My Dad then decided that he would very much like to own a paper shop, and on hearing of one for sale at Queanbeyan for ?800, he tried to talk my Mother into going to have a look at it, but she was very definite and wouldn't consider it, as she said it was too far away from home and family. Evidently my Mother must have considered Grenfell close enough as Dad went across by train to inspect a paper shop there, but by the time he got there it was withdrawn from sale.
On the way home he stayed at the Great Eastern Hotel at Young overnight, and the next morning met a friend from Coota. in the street who told him of a hairdressing business for sale. He must have contacted Mum and she said she would come to Young, so next day he went down and bought the business from Mr. Stan McKellar. He did very well in the business and carried a very large stock of tobacco, and sometimes on Saturdays I would go down and run the shop part for him. Customers from the hairdressing used to bring their ticket out to me and I would attend to them.
Sometimes to make extra money Dad would bundle up plants that he had grown at home and sell them at the shop. He had his regular customers and did quite well, but it was a lot of hard work, and each night he could be found out in the garden in the dark with a lantern, digging up and bundling his plants, ready for the next day. He often told Bob (my husband) and me that he had been sorry not to have had a paper shop, so I think that was a dream that he didn't fulfil.
When my Mother and Father decided to come to Young, Dad bought a block of land on the Burrowa Road, now known as 5 Whiteman Avenue. Mr. Vogt built the house in 1922 and in fact Dad told me that the night I was born he could remember sitting on the floor joists as the floor wasn't finished, and that was where he received the news that he had another daughter. My elder sister Gwen was born while my parents were at Cootamundra. I guess I was a disappointment for them as I suppose they badly wanted a son. However they were to have another daughter Mona, before they finally got their son Ray .
My Mother lead a fairly quiet life as she was mostly a home person. She belonged to the Methodist Ladies' Church Aid but she didn't go along often. Her interests were sewing and gardening and she always kept her family and the house spotless. She liked dressing nicely, but she didn't have a lot of money, so the dressmaking helped a lot. She was often frustrated because of the shortage of money, and Bob (Gordon) my husband used to help her as much as he could, if she wanted any furniture or goods that he sold, in the furniture shop he was in.
This shortage of money often caused arguments between my parents - they were both strong willed, and neither would give in during an argument. They were not very compatible as the years rolled on, and they very rarely did anything, or went anywhere together. They drifted apart, and one day without any warning, my Mother moved out with the two children, Mona and Ray. Gwen and I were married . She moved to a home at 51 Nasmith Street, Young, and took in girl boarders to make ends meet.
Of course it was a great shock to my Father to come home from work one night and instead of finding his dinner waiting for him, to find most of the house empty of furniture, and his family gone.
This led to a divorce, a divorce I don't think either of them wanted, but both being pig-headed they couldn't talk to one another and admit how they really felt. None of the family took sides.
Dad put some boarders in his house and continued to live there for a time, until Mona married, and she and Pat Dwyer moved in with him and stayed.
Mum always suffered from Hayfever and Varicose Veins, and her legs must have gotten so bad that she went to Dr. Stocks to have some treatment for them. I wasn't living at Young at this time, but I believe she was having injections for them, and shortly after became ill and confined to her bed. I can never understand why the Doctor didn't put her in hospital, but perhaps she wouldn't go and leave Mona and Ray on their own to look after the boarders. Perhaps they didn't realise how serious it was, as I know for myself I didn't, and I didn't know at the time the nature of her illness.
Bob and I and our 2 children Robert and Jan were living at Bowral at this time, and towards evening I had an urge to ring Mum to see how whe was. Having no phone, we put our kids in the car and drove to Bowral P.O. to ring up. I went in to ring while Bob and Robert and Jan waited in the car. I got through O.K. and Teddy Brown (my brother-in-law) answered and said, " just a minute, Dr. Stocks wants to speak to you. " He came on and told me that Mum had just died. She got out of bed and died from a clot. It was a terrible shock.
On the death certificate it says she died from;
1 a Coronary embolism
1b Hepatic thrombosis cause of death
11 Severe neurasthemia
2 a 40 mins.
b ?
11 1 month duration of last illness
3 DR. STOCKS
27th JANUARY, 1948.

My Dad was a total wreck emotionally at the funeral, who knows what thoughts were going through his head. He retired from business not long after and spent his time in his garden which he really enjoyed, and he often came to us for holidays at Bowral and later when we moved to Goulburn. Then at other times he would travel to Victoria to visit with his many relatives and he was always a good letter writer. Bob and I were always interested in photography and one time when Dad was staying with us Bob suggested to Dad to buy a camera to take photos on his travels. They went down to see Ian Steele a friend of Bob's, who owned a camera store and bought one. From then on he took many lovely colour slides of the various gardens that were open for inspection like " MILTON PARK " at Bowral. He was very proud of the collection that he acquired.
Dad went on to live another 39 years after Mum died. His later years were spent at Mount Saint Joseph's Home, at Young, where he was very happy and very well cared for. He used to write to us every week until his eyesight failed, and then Bob & I made the decision to ring him every Sunday morning, and that continued until he died. He used to look forward to our calls, and was always waiting near the office. His health was very good, and right up until the end his memory was outstanding, even remembering things that we couldn't. He passed away quietly on 15th JULY, 1987, at the remarkable age of 97.
 
Mutch, Phyllis Nellie (I76)
 
33

BIRTHS

.............. WOODMASON (nee Doris Aspland) -On the 27th January at Eglinton private hospital, Inverness avenue, Malvern, to Mr and Mrs Arthur Woodmason, Torquay, Elizabeth Strect, Malvern-a daughter (Joan Albutt).
 
Aspland, Doris Jean (I124)
 
34

Bryan McManus, the Parish Priest, wrote to his Excellency, the Earl of Mulgrave, Lord Lieutenant General of Ireland to appeal the sentence.

The Memorial of Pat Cullen of Kilmactrany in the County of Sligo, now a convict for life in the Gaol of Sligo.

I humbly relate .......
That in the neifhbourhood of Pat lived a man, named Michael McGarry, who being contrary to his wishes to marry, put away his wife and drove the unfortunate object of his hatred, to seek support among her charitable neighbours. Pat, through compassion for her suffering, frequently gave her lodging, for the night or two which displeased her husband so much that he came to his house and forbade him to entertain her in future, and vowed vengeance against him if he did. Sometime since, pat was bringing home potatoes on a horse, which he got from a neighbour whose land lay beyond McGarry's farm. After leaving the horse at home, whom should he see by McGarry's wife and her sister taking away one of her husband's cows. McGarry having discovered them, also took the cow back and would have prosecuted the wife, were it not that every person informed him, he could not injure her. As previously remarked, he was angry with Pat for offering her asylum and therfor as he saw him at the same time in his field, he prosecuted him.

Pat, being unprepared and without counsel, got transported for life. Pat is a poor man aged 50 having a good wife and 10 children depending upon him for industry.

His Lordship Justice, when sentencing him had said he was the object of great compassion. The pity he felt of him, he trusts the same feeling will actuate Your Excellency, upon consideration of his case, to change his sentence and remain grateful to Your Excellency.

Sligo Prison Aug. 8th 1837 Pat Cullen
Bryan McManus Parish Priest

Three similar memorials were wrtten by a Vicar and 2 Justices of the Peace 
Cullen, Patrick William (I41386)
 
35

Burns was born two miles (3 km) south of Ayr, in Alloway, South Ayrshire, Scotland, the eldest of the seven children of William Burness (1721-1784) (Robert Burns spelled his surname Burness until 1786), a self-educated tenant farmer from Dunnottar, The Mearns, and Agnes Broun (1732-1820), the daughter of a tenant farmer from Kirkoswald, South Ayrshire.

He was born in a house built by his father (now the Burns Cottage Museum), where he lived until Easter 1766, when he was seven years old. William Burness sold the house and took the tenancy of the 70-acre Mount Oliphant farm, southeast of Alloway. Here Burns grew up in poverty and hardship, and the severe manual labour of the farm left its traces in a premature stoop and a weakened constitution.

He had little regular schooling and got much of his education from his father, who taught his children reading, writing, arithmetic, geography, and history and also wrote for them A Manual Of Christian Belief. He was also taught by John Murdoch (1747-1824), who opened an 'adventure school' in Alloway in 1763 and taught Latin, French, and mathematics to both Robert and his brother Gilbert (1760-1827) from 1765 to 1768 until Murdoch left the parish. After a few years of home education, Burns was sent to Dalrymple Parish School during the summer of 1772 before returning at harvest time to full-time farm labouring until 1773, when he was sent to lodge with Murdoch for three weeks to study grammar, French, and Latin.

By the age of 15, Burns was the principal labourer at Mount Oliphant. During the harvest of 1774, he was assisted by Nelly Kilpatrick (1759-1820), who inspired his first attempt at poetry, O, Once I Lov'd A Bonnie Lass. In the summer of 1775, he was sent to finish his education with a tutor at Kirkoswald, where he met Peggy Thomson (b.1762), to whom he wrote two songs, Now Westlin' Winds and I Dream'd I Lay.

At Whitsun, 1777, William Burness removed his large family from the unfavourable conditions of Mount Oliphant to the 130-acre (0.53 km2) farm at Lochlea, near Tarbolton, where they stayed until Burness's death in 1784. Subsequently, the family became integrated into the community of Tarbolton. To his father's disapproval, Robert joined a country dancing school in 1779 and, with Gilbert, formed the Tarbolton Bachelor's Club the following year. In 1781 Burns became a Freemason at Lodge St David, Tarbolton. His earliest existing letters date from this time, when he began making romantic overtures to Alison Begbie (b. 1762). In spite of four songs written for her and a suggestion that he was willing to marry her, she rejected him.


In December 1781, Burns moved temporarily to Irvine to learn to become a flax-dresser, but during the New Year celebrations of 1781/1782 the flax shop caught fire and was sufficiently damaged to send him home to Lochlea farm.

He continued to write poems and songs and began a Commonplace Book in 1783, while his father fought a legal dispute with his landlord. The case went to the Court of Session, and Burness was upheld in January 1784, a fortnight before he died. Robert and Gilbert made an ineffectual struggle to keep on the farm, but after its failure they moved to the farm at Mossgiel, near Mauchline in March, which they maintained with an uphill fight for the next four years. During the summer of 1784, he came to know a group of girls known collectively as The Belles of Mauchline, one of whom was Jean Armour, the daughter of a stonemason from Mauchline.


Love affairs

His casual love affairs did not endear him to the elders of the local kirk and created for him a reputation for dissoluteness amongst his neighbours. His first illegitimate child, Elizabeth Paton Burns (1785-1817), was born to his mother?s servant, Elizabeth Paton (1760-circa 1799), as he was embarking on a relationship with Jean Armour. She bore him twins in 1786, and although her father initially forbade their marriage, they were eventually married in 1788. She bore him nine children in total, but only three survived infancy.

During a rift in his relationship with Jean Armour in 1786, and as his prospects in farming declined, he began an affair with Mary Campbell (1763-1786), to whom he dedicated the poems The Highland Lassie O, Highland Mary and To Mary in Heaven. Their relationship has been the subject of much conjecture, and it has been suggested that they may have married. They planned to emigrate to Jamaica, where Burns intended to work as a bookkeeper on a slave plantation. He was dissuaded by a letter from Thomas Blacklock, and before the plans could be acted upon, Campbell died suddenly of a fever in Greenock. That summer, he published the first of his collections of verse, Poems, Chiefly in the Scottish dialect, which created a sensation and has been recognised as a significant literary event.


Kilmarnock Edition

Title page of the Kilmarnock Edition
At the suggestion of his brother, Robert Burns published his poems in the volume Poems, Chiefly in the Scottish dialect, known as the Kilmarnock volume. First proposals were published in April 1786 before the poems were finally published in Kilmarnock in July 1786 and sold for 3 shillings. Brought out by John Wilson, a local printer in Kilmarnock, it contained much of his best writing, including The Twa Dogs, Address to the Deil, Hallowe'en, The Cotter's Saturday Night, To a Mouse, and To a Mountain Daisy, many of which had been written at Mossgiel farm. The success of the work was immediate, and soon he was known across the country.


Edinburgh
Burns was invited to Edinburgh on 14 December 1786 to oversee the preparation of a revised edition, the first Edinburgh edition, by William Creech, which was finally published on 17 April 1787 (within a week of this event, Burns sold his copyright to Creech for 100 guineas). In Edinburgh, he was received as an equal by the city's brilliant men of letters and was a guest at aristocratic gatherings, where he bore himself with unaffected dignity. Here he encountered, and made a lasting impression on, the 16-year-old Walter Scott, who described him later with great admiration:

? His person was strong and robust; his manners rustic, not clownish, a sort of dignified plainness and simplicity which received part of its effect perhaps from knowledge of his extraordinary talents. His features are presented in Mr Nasmyth's picture but to me it conveys the idea that they are diminished, as if seen in perspective. I think his countenance was more massive than it looks in any of the portraits ... there was a strong expression of shrewdness in all his lineaments; the eye alone, I think, indicated the poetical character and temperament. It was large, and of a dark cast, and literally glowed when he spoke with feeling or interest. I never saw such another eye in a human head, though I have seen the most distinguished men of my time. ?
? Walter Scott



His stay in the city resulted in some lifelong friendships, among which were those with Lord Glencairn, and Frances Anna Dunlop (1730-1815), who became his occasional sponsor and with whom he corresponded for the rest of his life. He embarked on a relationship with the separated Agnes 'Nancy' McLehose (1758-1841), with whom he exchanged passionate letters under pseudonyms (Burns called himself 'Sylvander' and Nancy 'Clarinda'). When it became clear that Nancy would not be easily seduced into a physical relationship, Burns moved on to Jenny Clow (1766-1792), Nancy's domestic servant, who bore him a son, Robert Burns Clow in 1788. His relationship with Nancy concluded in 1791 with a final meeting in Edinburgh before she sailed to Jamaica for what transpired to be a short-lived reconciliation with her estranged husband. Before she left, he sent her the manuscript of Ae Fond Kiss as a farewell to her.

In Edinburgh in early 1787 he met James Johnson, a struggling music engraver and music seller with a love of old Scots songs and a determination to preserve them. Burns shared this interest and became an enthusiastic contributor to The Scots Musical Museum. The first volume of this was published in 1787 and included three songs by Burns. He contributed 40 songs to volume 2, and would end up responsible for about a third of the 600 songs in the whole collection as well as making a considerable editorial contribution. The final volume was published in 1803.

On his return to Ayrshire on 18 February 1788, he resumed his relationship with Jean Armour and took a lease on the farm of Ellisland near Dumfries on 18 March (settling there on 11 June) but trained as an exciseman should farming continue to prove unsuccessful. He was appointed duties in Customs and Excise in 1789 and eventually gave up the farm in 1791. Meanwhile, he was writing at his best, and in November 1790 had produced Tam O' Shanter. About this time he was offered and declined an appointment in London on the staff of the Star newspaper, and refused to become a candidate for a newly-created Chair of Agriculture in the University of Edinburgh, although influential friends offered to support his claims. After giving up his farm he removed to Dumfries.

It was at this time that, being requested to write lyrics for The Melodies of Scotland, he responded by contributing over 100 songs. He made major contributions to George Thomson's A Select Collection of Original Scottish Airs for the Voice as well as to James Johnson's The Scots Musical Museum. Arguably his claim to immortality chiefly rests on these volumes which placed him in the front rank of lyric poets. Burns described how he had to master singing the tune before he composed the words:

? My way is: I consider the poetic sentiment, correspondent to my idea of the musical expression, then chuse my theme, begin one stanza, when that is composed - which is generally the most difficult part of the business - I walk out, sit down now and then, look out for objects in nature around me that are in unison or harmony with the cogitations of my fancy and workings of my bosom, humming every now and then the air with the verses I have framed. when I feel my Muse beginning to jade, I retire to the solitary fireside of my study, and there commit my effusions to paper, swinging, at intervals, on the hind-legs of my elbow chair, by way of calling forth my own critical strictures, as my, pen goes. ?
?Robert Burns


Burns also worked to collect and preserve Scottish folk songs, sometimes revising, expanding, and adapting them. One of the better known of these collections is The Merry Muses of Caledonia (the title is not Burns's), a collection of bawdy lyrics that were popular in the music halls of Scotland as late as the 20th century. Many of Burns's most famous poems are songs with the music based upon older traditional songs. For example, Auld Lang Syne is set to the traditional tune Can Ye Labour Lea, A Red, Red Rose is set to the tune of Major Graham and The Battle of Sherramuir is set to the Cameronian Rant.


Literary style
His direct literary influences in the use of Scots in poetry were Allan Ramsay (1686-1758) and Robert Fergusson. Burns's poetry also drew upon a substantial familiarity and knowledge of Classical, Biblical, and English literature, as well as the Scottish Makar tradition. Burns was skilled in writing not only in the Scots language but also in the Scottish English dialect of the English language. Some of his works, such as Love and Liberty (also known as The Jolly Beggars), are written in both Scots and English for various effects.

His themes included republicanism (he lived during the French Revolutionary period) and Radicalism which he expressed covertly in Scots Wha Hae, Scottish patriotism, anticlericalism, class inequalities, gender roles, commentary on the Scottish Kirk of his time, Scottish cultural identity, poverty, sexuality, and the beneficial aspects of popular socialising (carousing, Scotch whisky, folk songs, and so forth). Burns and his works were a source of inspiration to the pioneers of liberalism, socialism and the campaign for Scottish self-government, and he is still widely respected by political activists today, ironically even by conservatives and establishment figures because after his death Burns became drawn into the very fabric of Scotland's national identity. It is this, perhaps unique, ability to appeal to all strands of political opinion in the country that have led him to be widely acclaimed as the national poet.

Burns's views on these themes in many ways parallel those of William Blake, but it is believed that, although contemporaries, they were unaware of each other. Burns's works are less overtly mystical.

He is generally classified as a proto-Romantic poet, and he influenced William Wordsworth, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, and Percy Bysshe Shelley greatly. The Edinburgh literati worked to sentimentalise Burns during his life and after his death, dismissing his education by calling him a "heaven-taught ploughman." Burns would influence later Scottish writers, especially Hugh MacDiarmid, who fought to dismantle the sentimental cult that had dominated Scottish literature in MacDiarmid's opinion.


Robert Burns memorial, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory (1935)
[edit] Later years
Robert Burns was initiated into Lodge St David Tarbolton on 4 July 1781, when he was 22. He was passed and raised on 1 October 1781. Later his lodge became dormant and Burns joined Lodge St James Tarbolton Kilwinning number 135. The location of the Temple where he was made a Freemason is unknown, but on 30 June 1784 the meeting place of the lodge became the ?Manson Inn? in Tarbolton, and one month later, on 27 July 1784, Burns became Depute Master, which he held until 1788, often honoured with supreme command.

Although regularly meeting in Tarbolton, the ?Burns Lodge? also removed itself to hold meetings in Mauchline. During 1784 he was heavily involved in Lodge business, attending all nine meetings, passing and raising brethren and generally running the Lodge. Similarly, in 1785 he was equally involved as Depute Master, where he again attended all nine lodge meetings amongst other duties of the Lodge. During 1785 he initiated and passed his brother Gilbert being raised on 1 March 1788. He must have been a very popular and well-respected Depute Master, as the minutes show that there were more lodge meetings well attended during the Burns period than at any other time.

At a meeting of Lodge St. Andrew in Edinburgh in 1787, in the presence of the Grand Master and Grand Lodge of Scotland, Burns was toasted by the Grand Master, Francis Chateris. When he was received into Edinburgh Lodges, his occupation was recorded as a ?poet?. In early 1787, he was feted by the Edinburgh Masonic fraternity. The Edinburgh period of Burns's life was fateful, as further editions of the Kilmarnock Edition were sponsored by the Edinburgh Freemasons, ensuring that his name spread around Scotland and subsequently to England and abroad.


[edit] Tour
During his tour of the South of Scotland, as he was collecting material for The Scots Musical Museum, he visited lodges throughout Ayrshire and became an honorary member of a number of them. On 18 May 1787 he arrived at Eyemouth, Berwickshire, where a meeting was convened of Royal Arch and Burns became a Royal Arch Mason. On his journey home to Ayrshire, he passed through Dumfries (where he later lived), the site of the Globe Inn, which he described as his "favourite howff"(or "inn"). Burns's accommodations at the inn, which is still in use, can be visited by arrangement. His final resting place, the Burns Mausoleum, is also in Dumfries at St.Michaels Kirk. He was posthumously given the freedom of the town.

On 25 July 1787, after being re-elected Depute Master, he presided at a meeting where several well-known Masons were given honorary membership. During his Highland tour, he visited many other lodges. During the period from his election as Depute Master in 1784, Lodge St James had been convened 70 times. Burns was present 33 times and was 25 times the presiding officer. His last meeting at his mother lodge, St James Kilwinning, was on 11 November 1788.

He joined Lodge Dumfries St Andrew Number 179 on 27 December 1788. Out of the six Lodges in Dumfries, he joined the one which was the weakest. The records of this lodge are scant, and we hear no more of him until 30 November 1792, when Burns was elected Senior Warden. From this date until his final meeting in the Lodge on 14 April 1796, it appears that the Lodge met only five times. There are no records of Burns visiting any other Lodges. On 28th August 1787 Burns visited Stirling and passed through Bridge of Allan on his way to the Roman fort at Braco. In 1793 he wrote his poem "By Allan Stream" [1]


Final years

Statue of Burns in Dumfries town center.
Robert Burns Mausoleum at St Michaels churchyard in Dumfries.As his health began to give way, Burns began to age prematurely and fell into fits of despondency. The habits of intemperance (alleged mainly by temperance activist James Currie) are said to have aggravated his long-standing rheumatic heart condition. In fact, his death was caused by bacterial endocarditis exacerbated by a streptococcal infection reaching his blood following a dental extraction in winter 1795, and it was no doubt further affected by the three months of famine culminating in the Dumfries Food Riots of March 1796, and on 21 July 1796 he died in Dumfries at the age of 37. The funeral took place on 25 July 1796, the day his son Maxwell was born. A memorial edition of his poems was published to raise money for his wife and children, and within a short time of his death, money started pouring in from all over Scotland to support them.


Honours
There are many organizations around the world named after Burns, as well as a large number of statues and memorials. Organisations include the Robert Burns Fellowship of the University of Otago, and the Burns Club Atlanta in the United States. Towns named after Robert Burns include Burns, New York, and Burns, Oregon. Burns' birthplace in Alloway is now a public museum, and significant 19th-century monuments to him stand in Alloway and Edinburgh. In the suburb of Summerhill in Dumfries, the majority of the streets have names with Burns connotations. A BR Standard Class 7 steam locomotive was named after him, along with a later British Rail Class 87 electric locomotive, No.87035.


Stamps and Currency
The Royal Mail has twice issued postage stamps commemorating Burns. In 1966, two stamps were issued, priced fourpence and 1 shilling and threepence, both carrying Burns's portrait. In 1996, an issue commemorating the bicentenary of his death comprised four stamps, priced 19 pence, 25 pence, 41 pence and 60 pence, and included quotes from Burns's poems.

Robert Burns is pictured on the ?5 banknote (since 1971) of the Clydesdale Bank, one of the Scottish banks with the right to issue banknotes.[3] On the reverse of the note there is a vignette of a field mouse and a wild rose which refers to Burns's poem "Ode to a mouse". In September 2007, the Bank of Scotland redesigned their banknotes and Robert Burns' statue is now portrayed on the reverse side of new ?5. [4]

In 2009 the Royal Mint will issue a commemorative two pound coin featuring a quote from Auld Lang Syne.[5] 
Burns, Robert (I14275)
 
36

BUSH FIRE

Outbreak at Mr. Jim Loiterton's Farm 100 ACRES OF GRASS

At noon on Saturday a fire broke out on Mr. James Loiterton's, a mile and a half from town.

A number of willing workers rushed out to the combat, and the progress of the flames was arrested when it reached the wheat.

About 100 acres of grass were destroyed, and some fencing.

After this experience -- the first fire of the season -- landholders will need to look out.
 
Loiterton, James (I1011)
 
37

BUSH FIRE BRIGADES

Farewell Mr. Ray Mutch

Representatives of Cootamundra and district bush fire brigades and other bodies gathered at the Hotel Central on Friday evening to bid farewell to Mr. Ray Mutch. who is leaving Cootamundra for Newcastle.

Many sincere and glowing tributes were paid to Mr. Mutch for his splendid work as secretary of the Cootamundra Volunteer Bush Fire Brigade, his fine qualities as a citizen, and as a business man and a judge of stock.

Mr. E. J. O'Connor, president of the Cootamundra Volunteer Bush Fire Brigade, chaired the gathering, and read out a long list of apologies.

Mr. O'Connor said it was with very great regret that they were assembled to say farewell to their late secretary. Ray had been the perfect secretary. As a business man and auctioneer he had excelled. There was no one better in Cootamundra. His valuations of stock had been remarkably accurate.

Mr. O'Connor added that he was sorry to lose a good and sincere friend, and knew that Ray would make a success of anything he undertook.

The president was supported in his remarks by Messrs. A. Bragg, F. Ward; B. O'Connor, J. Kirley, T. Bannon; W. Loiterton; Const. H.Clifton, K. Corby, W. J. Elliott, Ray Ryals, S. Worthington, J. Faunt, R. Punnett, M. McClintock, D. McClintock, J.Moore, W. C. Elliott. L. Sutton, L. Forsyth, E.Elrlngton. W. Corby, N. Armour, H. G. O. Burrows, B. Williams, and M. Scott.

Cr. A. Donaldson (shire president) made a presentation to the guest of a substantial wallet of notes; He said it was a great honor to do so. The town and district had sustained a great loss. They would miss Ray very much, and hoped to see him back. He felt that the remarks passed that night had been very sincere.

Mr. Mutch, in reply, said that it was not only a proud moment for him, but a very emotional one. No one ap preciated friendships more than he did. He had tried to make his life a useful one, and it was more than gratifying to see such a gathering of friends. Every thinking Australian realised that Australia's national income depended on what it could produce. He believed it to be his duty to be constructive and helpful to the pri mary industry in any way possible. One way was to assist in fighting the bush fire menace. He had appreciated the cordiality and good friendship extended to him by members of the dif ferent brigades. Mr. J. Leahy, as president, had been a great worker, and Mr. O'Connor would be equally so. In many instances the speakers had overstated his ability. He and his wife would like to see Cootamundra friends at Newcastle. He thanked them all very sincerely.

Mr. Mutch then proceeded to propose 'The Cootamundra- Bush Fire Brigade's New Secretary (Mr. R. Loiterton)," and said he thought that Ron could do a better job.

In responding, Mr. Loiterton said that Ray had carried out the job to such a degree of perfection that it was going to be hard to follow him. However, he would do his best. With Ray's departure he was losing a great friend. His ability to weigh small matters just as accurately as big ones, together with his outstanding honesty, had made him a prominent figure in tho town and district.

Mr. J. Moore proposed 'The Ladies," and said that the calibre, of the womenfolk of a town and district made it, and in this respect they were very fortunate. Mrs. Smart, in responding, said that anything done had been with the greatest of pleasure.

Mr. and Mrs. Smart were also thanked for the manner in which they had catered for the function.

Mr. J. Kirley proposed "The Press," and Mr. H. Plnkstone responded.

The final toast of the evening was that of 'The Cootamundra Volunteer Bush Fire Brigade.'"This was pro posed by Cr. A. Donaldson, and Mr. E. J. O'Connor responded.
 
Mutch, Raymond Wilfred (I1120)
 
38

BUSINESS CHANGES.-Mr. P. Sheekey has bought the bakery business of Mr. Walters, and Mr. L.Walton has disposed of his chemists' business in Yass to a Sydney gentleman.
 
Sheekey, Patrick (I10749)
 
39

CALCUT, ANN
Ann Calcut was sentenced to seven years transportation at the 13 August 1789 Stafford Assizes for the theft of a silver tablespoon, a fan, a cotton gown, a black silk bonnet, a linen apron, a muslin handkerchiefs and a pair of plated shoe buckles belonging to Charles Sowter. She was held in the Stafford County Gaol until 25 October 1789 when she was sent to Woolwich, London, along with four other convict women, for embarkation on the Neptune transport.

At Parramatta on 30 January 1791, six months after her arrival in the colony Calcut married James Becket (tried Shrewsbury, qv), both signing the register with an X. Their first child, Samuel was born in October but died aged 16 months. In 1802 Becket was recorded holding a purchased farm at Concord, although the family appear to have mostly lived in or near Parramatta. In 1806 they were living on a farm outside Parramatta with three sons and two daughters. James Becket died about 1808 and in 1814 Ann was described as a widow of the Parramatta district. She has not been traced in later colonial records.

Notes: some details contributed by A. McEwan, A. Needham & P. Scott; gaol ref. at PRO T90/166; Ann Calcut is recorded incorrectly in the 1806 population muster and Marsden's female muster as Ann Becket, came free; she was indicted as Cacutt, probably in error 
Calcut, Ann (I9622)
 
40

CAUTION.

I HEREBY Caution all Constables and others from molesting me after this notice, I having lost my Certificate of Freedom.

Description-Name, Jeremiah Crossley; ship, John 3; year of arrival, 1832; sentence, seven years; tried at York, 1831; native place, Yorkshire; year of birth, 1811 ; hair, brown; eyes, grey; height, five feet eight and three-quarter inches; complexion, ruddy; trade or calling, brickmaker ; general remarks, two upper front teeth wide, small-pock mark on the back of eachhand. 
Crossley, Jeremiah (I20)
 
41

Charles was born in Camden, and spent his first few years there before the family moved to Bowral. He arrived in Cootamundra with his family when he was only seven years old. It is likely that he lived and worked with his family at "Lincoln Dale" up until around the time he married in 1886.

Charles was also involved in the various activities of the Cootamundra A.P.H. & I. but not to the same extent as his father had been. In 1967 Charles was a committee member for the Ploughing Matches. In 1890 he won first prize in the Cootamundra Show for a team of six horses, shown in harness, and second prize for a pair of draught horses (Bowler and Dragon) fully harnessed for ploughing. The prize of ?1-1-0 had been donated by his father, Charles Snr.

Charles was a farmer, and a hard worker from all accounts. He was a share farmer at various times with different farmers at Cullinga and Kilrush. He did a lot of land clearing and also dam sinking in the area. Making a dam a hundred years ago was tough going as it was done using primitive scoops and ploughs. A small scoop called a "tumbling Tommy" which was pulled behind a team of draft horse was frequently used for this purpose.

The 1891 Census lists Charles Loiterton Junior as living with his wife and family at Green Hills near Cootamundra. This name appears to refer to an area rather than to a property. A report for November 1898 showed Charles as being the owner of 150 acres, one and a half miles from the school.

Charles and Mary Ann owned a farm called "Forest Home" on the Old Gundagai Road about three miles from Wallendbeen. Charles did contract chaff cutting when he was there. Chaff cutting plants generally consisted of steam traction engines to power the cutter and had steamers to soften the hay so that it wouldn't break when being cut. The house on the property was a fairly large, neatly painted weatherboard house which had verandahs all around it. Much of the verandah area was enclosed by gauze panels. The house was surrounded by acacias with their noticeable white flowers in the spring.

Charles and his family were missing from the 1902 Christmas photo. This gathering was quite obviously a big family affair with all of the rest of the family present after having travelled by horse and buggy from nearby places such as Stockinbingal in some cases. At the end of the day some of them had to face perhaps a twenty mile trip back home again as there was no room for them all at "Lincoln Dale". They were all tired, and to make matters worse the photographer was late. He was a travelling photographer who lived in Jordon's Crossing (later to become Bundanoon) in the Bowral area. Perhaps Charles and his family had been at the gathering at "Lincoln Dale" but decided not to wait any longer for the overdue photographer. They may have wanted to get on home or perhaps to visit some of Mary Ann's family.

At some stage, Charles and his brother John were working somewhere in the area of the Corby's farm. As they would approach each other from opposite directions on their way to work each morning Charles would say "Hello John, how's Mary Ann?", to which John would reply "Hello Charlie, how's Mary Ann?" The subjects of their little joke were of course their wives, Mary Ann (nee Guymer) and Mary Ann (nee Manning).

Mary Ann was also a hard worker, and did a lot of the heavy work on the farm. She helped on the farm generally as well as in the work of sowing crops and carting grain. On occasions she was known to kill a sheep for home use.

Charles and his family frequently visited his brother John and family at Stockinbingal. John's son Alan recalls Charles visiting on several occasions but does not recall Mary Ann ever coming out there. They most likely visited Alice at the same time as she lived close to John. Emma and Eliza went to Stockinbingal often and in turn Nell, Herb and perhaps others would go to Wallendbeen to visit.

In March of 1916, Charles held a clearing out sale at his property as he had decided to considerably curtail his farming operations. Charles sold by auction 25 draught horses and numerous harnesses, his chaff cutting plant, and harvesters, ploughs, wagons and other farm machinery. Charles stayed at "Forest Home" for the next four years and was still living there in June 1920.

In late 1920, Charles and his family moved from "Forest Home" into the township of Wallendbeen. The original farmhouse, a few miles from Wallendbeen out along the Old Gundagai Road, was occupied by someone else after they left then became empty. It soon became dilapidated and overgrown with thistles and disappeared at some time during the 1930's. The house was located about fifty metres on the western side of the Cootamundra-Wallendbeen road, at the point at which the road is joined by Wallendoon Lane. The now old and gnarled acacia trees still live and mark the site of the house. All that remains of the house is a small concrete slab adjacent to four very weathered posts that protrude a foot or so from the ground. The posts are most likely the remains of an old tank stand.

The home in Grey Street, Wallendbeen that they moved into was called "Chelsea" and had been sold by Mr. William Palmer.

Some people have described Charles as having had a red moustache and dark hair, and yet others say that he was fairer than some of the other Loitertons. It appears that he was taller than most of the Loitertons and was fairly stout.

Charles died at the age of 59, after having been ill for several years. He died of cancer of the rectum which eventually resulted in total obstruction of the bowel. After a church service in Wallendbeen, on a grey and rainy day in 1923, his coffin was taken away in a glass sided, horse drawn hearse for burial in Cootamundra.

Mary Ann was to live on in the house in Wallendbeen until her death following a lengthy illness in November, 1940. Her daughter Ivy, continued to live with her until she married in 1929. Her son William's wife and children lived with her following his tragic death in 1938.
 
Loiterton, Charles (I1010)
 
42

COMMITTAL OF A WIFE ON CHARGE OF POISONING HER HUSBAND:

Monday, January 10:
Rosa Ann Wales deposed: I have been already examined in this case; I will be seventeen years of age on the 19th next April; I was the adopted daughter of the late Ebenezer Douglas Dunlop and Mrs. Dunlop; I believe I was with them twelve years; sometimes Mr. and Mrs. Dunlop lived peaceably and sometimes not very peacefully; they have had one or two serious quarrels since I knew them; I recollect the Wednesday before Christmas; on that day I was in Yass; my aunt, Mrs. Dunlop, was with me; we purchased that day a half gallon of rum, but nothing about the brandy; on Christmas eve my uncle was drinking rum; he did not drink a great deal; I cannot say how many glasses; Mr. Thomas Hines called that night about six o'clock and remained perhaps about an hour; they had some spirits together; next morning, Christmas morning, my uncle was in good health; he was lying on the sofa most part of the day reading a paper he got from home; he occasionally took a glass of this rum; my aunt was lying down part of the day; I think I saw her take one glass of brandy; during Christmas day I did not notice her to be under the influence of drink; they were, I think, friendly on that day; about six o'clock that evening Alfred Davis and John Ahearn called; there might be some talk about my going to get married to Alfred Davis; they remained there until nine o'clock or perhaps a few minutes later; During the time they were there they has some drink; Mrs Dunlop gave my uncle rum and Dr Davis brandy; After they had left my uncle said to me "are you coming to the well with me". I said, "you don't want me". During this time Mr Dunlop was feeding the pig; the sty was not a hundred yards from the house. Mrs Dunlop first returned to the house; she asked me "did not uncle want you to go for the water?"; I said yes; she said "He always wants someone with him."; this occurred after nine o'clock; after this Mrs Dunlop came in and went to bed; she went into her bedroom and went to bed for I saw her; I sat on the sofa; During the time I was sitting on the sofa she called out from the bedroom "I am frightenedfor poor uncle, I am afraid he will do something." I saw nothing in uncle's manner to lead me to think he would do anything more than usual; I was not afraid of him; She said if my uncle said anything to me not to make him any back answer. I saw my uncle return; he returned just as my aunt spoke; he went into the kitchen; the kitchen is about four or five yards from the parlor, and the doors are opposite each other, and we couls see into one from the other. I went into the kitchen and said "Good night uncle, I am going to bed". He said, "all right, I have got the water without you." I then left, leaving him in the kitchen. I went into my room and went to bed. I went through the parlor, through the front parlor door, along the verandah, and then to my room which is a skillion room at the end of the house. I shut the front parlor door when I went out. I pulled it to, and could then open it again if I wish. A slab wall divides Mrs Dunlop's bed and mine. When I went to bed Mrs. Dunlop said "Rosey, don't go to sleep." I said o. She said this to me four or five times. She said she did not know where my uncle was - that he was out. I answered he every time up to the last. I said I would not go to sleep. The last time I did not answer her. I then heard her get up out of bed and heard her with some keys. They were making a nose. I heard her unlocking a box and open it. She then closed the box and locked it. I heard her then go into bed again. She did not speak to me after that. My uncle then cam back. It was before eleven o'clock. I did not hear eleven strike. I heard my uncle go into the parlor, and from that into the room where Mrs. Dunlop was. I heard the bed make a noise as he sat down upon it. I heard my aunt ask where he had been. He said "I went for a bit of a walk with my dog over to the gate". She said something else to him but I cannot say what it was.

He went out to the parlor and had a glass of something and she said "you are drinking too much!" He said "no, I only took a small glass." He came back then and again sat upon the bed. I then went to sleep and do not know what afterwards occurred. I was awoke between twelve and one o'clock. My uncle called me. He called "Rosey, Rosey, come to me, I have fallen!"

I got up but did not dress. I ran out in my nightdress. When I left my own room I went to the front door of the parlor where I had come out of before. When I reached there the door was barred inside and I could not get in. I do not know who barred the door. It was not barred when I went to bed. I sang out and said "Uncle, open the door for me". He said, "I cannot move. I fell". I then went round the house to the gate, went through the garden and to the kitchen. On reaching the kitchen I saw uncle lying on the stones between the kitchen and the house. My aunt was sitting at an outhouse or store some yards away and about six or seven yards from where uncle was lying. I asked uncle "What's the matter with you?" He said, "I am poisoned!" I said "no you are not" He said, "I am." I said then "How did you get it!" He said I got it in the last glass." I said "You could not, you took it yourself." He said "No, I did not, your aunt gave it to me." I said "no, I heard you take it yourself." He said, "No, she gave it to me. I told her when she gave it to me that it was bitter. I wanted a drink of water and she told me to take some sugar!" He also said she wanted him to go to bed at once. He said that when he was going for the water he had the first fit and fell. I asked what way he knew he was poisoned. He said he knew the fits, and that they were caused by strychnine. I asked him how do you know it was strychnine, and he said because he had seen dogs poisoned with it. Mrs. Dunlop was present and could have heard every word said while Dunlop was speaking. Mrs. Dunlop said "How can you think that I" He said "You did" and "You have done it at last Kitty!" Mrs. Dunlop was crying and I do not think she made any answer to this. Dunlop then said "I wish there was a doctor here" Aunt said "we'll send for a doctor" and he said "it is no use, I will be dead."

He asked aunt - said "Kate (meaning my aunt) go for a neighbor!" She said "Rosey will go." He said "No, Rosey wont go" and "Rosey don't leave me or I will be dead before you come back!" He had a fit then. I then left and went for Mr. Garner.

Mr. Garners' is not far distant. I informed Mr. Garner and ran back again. On my return I found uncle dead and lying in the same place but on his face and hands. When I left he was on his back. Mrs. Dunlop was then pouring water from a jug on his head. I asked her what she was doing and she said he had asked her for a drink but could not take it, and had then asked her to pour it on him. Then Mr. Garner came. Mr. Garner asked what had happened.

I went away to tie up a big dog that was loose. I do not think I made any reply to him. During the time he was there he asked what had happened. We both replied. I said "He said he had got something in the grog." I said to Mr. Garner that my uncle said there was poison in the grog but I do not remember telling him that my uncle [had] said my aunt had given it to him. We carried the body inside and laid it on the sofa. After I went out first, my aunt asked me to give deceased some painkiller. I did so. I gave him what was in the bottle. That was scarcely a teaspoonful. On next day (Sunday) I saw a policeman out there. I did not ell him all I have told you today. He asked me something about how deceased died. I told him something but nothing about the poison. Mr. David Webster and others were there that day (Sunday).

On that night my aunt and I had some conversation. This was previous to the inquest. She told me not to speak about giving him painkiller and not to say anything about his saying he had poison given to him. "If you do we will all get into trouble about it!" She said he would be cut up and butchered like a bullock. I do not think she said anything else. She said we would all be taken to gaol. I said I would not, but if they asked me I would tell then. She said, "Very well, I'll say no more to you - you can do as you like!" She further said "Oh, Rosey, you have turned on me!" After saying this she was crying. On Sunday morning I swept up the bedroom floor. I found a cork. There was a piece broken off the cork. I found it on the verandah in the dirt I had swept out of Mrs. Dunlop's bedroom. I had a recollection of seeing the cork previous to this. I believed it to be the cork of a bottle that contained poison - strychnine. I had seen the bottle previous to this in the looking-glass drawer on the table in Mrs. Dunlop's bedroom. As far as I can judge, it was about twelve months before I had seen the bottle in the drawer. My uncle got the bottle and strychnine some years ago. I heard my aunt that day state to sub-inspector Brennan that that poison had been destroyed years ago. I heard her say there had been no strychnine there for the last even years. I do not remember hearing her say my uncle could not have been poisoned with strychnine as there had been none in the house. I heard her say that uncle never said before he died that he had been poisoned with strychnine. I said he did say so. On Christmas Day she asked me to have a glass. This was before my uncle died. She said it was peppermint. The glass (tumbler) was about half full and the contents were of a yellowish color. I took it out of her hand. I drank about half of it. I said, "It is very strong. I don't like it!" She said, "you'd better drink it!" She forced it on me and put the tumbler to my lips and wanted me to drink it. She did not force any of it into my mouth but she endeavored to do so. I felt sick to my stomach after taking it. I spoke to her about it and she said "Oh, you have been nicely taken in - most of it was brandy." I do not know if it was brandy or not. It smelled like peppermint. It was somewhat bitter. I would not know the taste of brandy. Mrs. Dunlop may have had a few glasses during Christmas. She never showed signs of drink. She had drink before the inquest. On the Sunday night after my uncle's death, she drank. My uncle died with the knowledge that he was poisoned and he said my Aunt had poisoned him.

Mrs. Dunlop was always very kind to me. She was as kind to me as my own mother could be, if not kinder. My uncle also was very kind - a kindness such as a father would show to his daughter and nothing more. I have no feeling of animosity against Mrs. Dunlop and I make this statement honestly and it is all correct. If I had not been asked about the poison or foul play I would not have said anything about it. Mr. Arthur Webster was the first I told the particulars about the poison to. I know nothing more than what I have told about the death of Mr. Dunlop. I recollect seeing sub-inspector Brennan out there and saw him find some poisons in the pantry - one was vermin killer, the other oxalic acid, and the other hartshorn. It is a long time since any of the vermin killers was used. The police took these poisons away with them.

To Mr. Wilkinson (solicitor for Mrs. Dunlop): There has been one young man coming there lately and paying his addresses to one - Mr. Alfred Davis. There has been on one else. Some twelve months back a person named Garner used to come. Some times Mrs. Dunlop advised me for Mr. Davis and sometimes against him. My uncle was always for him. I am quite sure Mr. Dunlop was in favor of Mr. Davis and never did anything to prevent it. He never spoke against Mr. Alfred Davis coming there. I was on the best of terms with Mrs. Dunlop about Alfred Davis. I recollect two serious quarrels between Mr. and Mrs. Dunlop. I know that Mrs. Dunlop made up some story about Alfred Davis and told it to my uncle to put him against us but it was only a story. That was one quarrel they had and it was about me. It was a serious quarrel. The other was a long time ago when I was very young. My uncle told me it was about my turning to my aunt's religion. The only serious quarrels I know them to have had were about me. I was very angry at the time with Mrs. Dunlop for talking about Alfred Davis. I am not still very angry about it. My anger lasted some two or three days. I am not very anxious to get Alfred Davis.

Mrs. Dunlop has often before come into Yass and purchased brandy and rum before Christmas. We always had drink in the house at that time. Uncle had not had any spirits in the house between last Christmas twelve months and the last Christmas. Uncle had been complaining of a pain in his side for over two years but said it was only rheumatic. Some time ago I heard him say the pain would be the death of him but not lately. The Wednesday before Christmas was the last time I heard him complain of the pain. When he was dying he spoke more to me than to Mrs. Dunlop. He had not a hold of her hand when I was present. I did not hear conversation pass between deceased and Mr. Hines on Christmas eve. I did not hear Dunlop walk about on Christmas Day complaining about me and Davis. His manner did not seam strange to me on that day. He had been taking a glass occasionally but you would never know he had been drinking. A stranger would not. Mrs. Dunlop said she was afraid of him. Deceased did not say to me that he had no one to care for him and I did not hear him say I would be the death of him.

The door of the parlor is barred on some nights and not on others. He was lying about the same place on my return as when I left him to go for Mr. Garner. His head was off the pillow but his feet were in the same place. I told Mr. Webster about what my uncle said and I told Mr. Hines when leaving for Yass to be sure and have and inquest. Mr. Hines is on the jury. I do not remember all I said to Mr. Hines. The drawer in the looking glass was the place the strychnine was kept. I saw it about twelve months ago there. I saw it lying in the drawer but did not touch it or examine it. I believe the cork I have referred to to be the cork that was in the bottle. I wont swear positively it is the cork but I believe it to be the cork. There were plent of bottles in the house with corks. There was one the same size but its cork is a new one and this cork is an old one. There may have been more than one bottle of the same size in the house.

After the death Alfred Davis was at the place. He came there perhaps eight o'clock before the inquest. I believe he was there all Sunday and went home with his father and mother before sundown. He came back on Sunday night about nine o'clock. He stopped all night. We were sitting together but not alone. He was not paying his address to me on this very Sunday. I did say to Mrs. Dunlop I would never forgive her for telling the story about Davis but did not swear it.  
Family F7879
 
43

CORBY - LOITERTON

A picturesque wedding took place at St. James' Church, Stockinbingal, on Wednesday, March 5th. The bridegroom was Frank, fifth son of Mr. Joseph Corby, of ' Sunnydale,' and the bride, Nellie, eldest daughter of Mr. and Mrs. J. Loiterton, jun., of Mount Hope. Stockinbingal.

The church, waa very tastefully decorated with asparagus fern and evergreens, tied with white ribbons, done by the girl-friends of the bride. The ceremony was conducted by the Ven. Archdeacon Simpson. The bride, who waa given away by her father, wore white cache-de-soie draped with chiffon, and also wore a wreath and veil, and carried a ahower bouquet of cactus dahlias, autumn lily, maden hair and asparagus fern. The only ornament worn, waa a gold pendant and chain, the gift of the bridegroom. She waa attended by three bridesmaids? Misses Elsie and Eileen Loiterton (sisters), and Miss Ivy Corby (sister of bridegroom)? who were dressed in striped Jap. silk, with malines lace and trimming. The brooches with their bouquets were the gifts of the bridegroom. Mr. Bert. Corby was best man, and Mr. Herb. Loiterton groomsman. After the ceremony the guests ad journed to the residence of the parents, where the wedding breakfast was served, followed by a dance at night, when about 800 guests took part. Tbe happy couple left by the; after noon train for Sydney, where the honeymoon is to be spent. The bride's travelling dress was a navy coat and skirt, with hat to match. *

PRESENTS. Bridegroom to Bride, gold pendant and chain; Bride to Bridegroom, silver shaving outfit; Bridegroom to Bridesmaids, gold brooches ; Mr. J. Loiterton (father), cheque; Mrs. J . Loiterton (mother), house linen : Mr. Herb. Loiterton (brother), silver mid. hair brush aad comb ; Mr. L. Loiterton (bro.), silver cake dish; Walter and Allen (bros.), silver pickle jar ; Mr. Harold Loi terton (bro.), silver butter knife and sugar apoons ; Miss Elsie Loiterton (sister), silver serviette rings ; Miss Eileen Loiterton (sis.), set silver afternoon tea spoons in case ; Mr. C. Loiterton, senr., cheque; Mrs. C. Loiterton, senior, afternoon tea set.; Misses Millie and Doris Loiterton (sisters), cut glass sauce decanters; Mr. J. Corby (father of Bridegroom), cheque: Mrs. J. Corby (mother), household furniture com plete ; Mr. Bert Corby (bro.), marble clock ; Mr. Ern. Corby (bro.) bro* ae lamp ; Mr. Victor Curby (bro), oak picture frame; Mr. Horace Corby (bro.)f pair a.m. vases;. Mr. Earl Corby (tro.), pair a.m. perfume bottle#; Mr. Cyril Corby (bro.), jardmecr ; Min Ivy Corby (?iater), s.m. jam dUh and apoon ; Mies Dnlcie Corby (lis.), pair perfume bo'.* ties; Miases Tbeliaa and lulda Corby (ais.), a.m.-.'iilad bowl ; Matters J)eeaoDd and Norman Corby (broe.), diver augir scuttle ; Miss BUietBeflsaas, silver breakfast cruet ; Mies May'BslImaa, afternoon tea set ; Mr. Chafei'BeUman, 'silver aaoce enut ; Mr. Alf* Bellman, pair ornaments ; Mr. and Mrs. C. Loitsrtq^j^m^dbnec^kBivfls and forks ; Mr. and Mrs. W. Loitertoo, dinner knives ; Mr. and Mrr. Jas. Loiterton,' silver baoked band mirror Mw- Maude Loiterton, tea ?poo&s; 'Mr.*ah3Mn. S.'Corby, silver butter nub ; Mr. W. Corby, f-ea., silver jam dish ; ?Mr. Alf. and /.Misi-ETsie Corby, . Gtit biscuit 'taml ; Mr. -Fercy and Miss Elsie Corby, aftez&ooa-tea aet ^JfrraaffiMri. A. Corby, silveni(ia,.pot ;'Mr. ..and4iMifl. T. Corby, lamp ; Mus HJv':Corby, glass dish ; jfr, Peroy aud.MiM.M.' Corbv. afternoon tea set:

JJCewre. aa3,&fi-8ee Elliott^, sot oanrers and steel in case; Mr. i^Bar^ess. diver button book iao'd'sHoo lift ; Mr. B. NewbonDd, pair silver saltadn Csso ; Yen. ^ri-hdeabon Simp son, Biblel) Meters. Albert an4 Liobel Tetby, ink*tand uMr. K V, Begloy,'-: silver teapot ; iMescrs 8. Oohenasd Co., silver hot water kettle.?ndt e&nd ',i Miss M. Broady, silver toest taok-; jB&. Jss. and Miss* A^ Priestly, ritver o?g cruet ;*1Cm MoQaeen, rilver but ter knife; Mr. MoOo&ald, silver:-; breakfast or net ; Mies B. Finch, 'illvtr breakfast cruet; .Mr. H. Leaby. sUver dinner -ruot-; Mr. A. XJurry, 'silrcr Jap* breiak. cruet Mr. and 'Mrs. T. N? ville, eilvendinner oruet ; Mr. Theo. . Webb, 'silver dinner cruet ; :Mr. B. A. Fincb, silver jam dish ; Mies A. Curry, sil ver sweet dish ; Miss P? Caoty, silver honey jar.; Mr. and Mifsvli. Pi Forsyth,, silver .eugarsouttlei;: Mr. CLMatxning, pair, photo frames ; Mr. 
Family F548
 
44

CORONER'S INQUEST
Dr. Blake held an inquest at Wargeila on Friday last when the following evidence, touching the death of deceased (Jeremiah Crossley) was taken.

Hezekiah Crossley Deposed.
I am a son of the deceased and lived in the same house with him; the last time I saw deceased alive was about half past 5 o'clock yesterday afternoon, the 31st of July. He complained that he was suffering acute pains in his legs; deceased had been suffering for some time past from rheumatic pains; I was absent from home from half past five o'clock yesterday afternoon until ten o'clock at night; when I returned home at ten o'clock I did not see deceased.

About two o'clock this morning my mother woke me up, telling me to come out, that she wanted me; I came out onto the verandah and saw deceased lying dead there; I lifted deceased up, and carried him into the house, and placed him on a sofa; when I lifted the deceased up I saw the double barrel gun produced; it was lying under deceased; I was using the gun last night shooting opossums; when I brought the gun in I left it hanging on one of the beams of the roof; it was not loaded in either barrel; when I picked the gun up, after lifting deceased on the sofa, I noticed that it had been recently discharged; I am sure that no one but deceased took the gun after I hung it on the beam; I did not hear the report of a gun being fired during the night; it would be possible for a gun to be fired on the verandah of the house without me hearing it as I sleep in a room some distance from the verandah.

I informed my brother of what had taken place and he reported the matter to the police; my brother's name is James Crossley; when I hung up the gun on the beam, the hammers of both barrels were cocked, and when I found it where deceased was lying, the hammer on the right-hand barrel was down and battered cap on the nipple; the gun is my property; deceased often used it.

Sarah Crossley deposed:- The deceased (Jeremiah Crossley) is my husband; deceased is 73 years of age; I last saw deceased alive at eleven o'clock last night, July 31st, 1884; he was suffering from rheumatic pains in his legs; I bathed his legs with hot water and turpentine about nine o'clock; he then went to bed, and shortly afterwards I went to bed also; we slept in the same bed; after we went to bed we slept a short time, and about eleven o'clock deceased complained that the pains were very severe, and he would get up; he told me not to get up, or that I had better go into the bed with my daughter; I told him I would stay where I was, but that I would leave him plenty of room to get in and out without disturbing me; deceased then got up and I heard him making a fire; he sat by the fire, and I went to sleep; about two o'clock this morning I was awakened by hearing a noise like something falling on to the ground; I thought that deceased had fallen down; I got up and when I came into the room where the fire was, I could not see deceased; both doors of the room were open; I called to deceased, asking where he was, and, hearing no reply, went in search of him, and found him lying on the verandah; I noticed that blood was flowing from the left side of his head; I then called my daughter and son, and when my son carried deceased to the sofa, I saw the gun produced lying where the body of deceased was lifted from; the gun is the property of the last witness; deceased, when he complained of the pains, said if he suffered another night as much as he had done on last Tuesday night, he could not stand it; I am quite sure deceased fired the shot that caused his death; he had said he would make away with himself rather than again suffer the pains he endured on last Tuesday night; deceased appeared to be quite dead when I found him; deceased and myself always lived on the best of terms, and the only reason I can assign for deceased committing suicide was the acute pains he was suffering.

Alton Kingsley Hoets deposed: I am a legally qualified medical practitioner, and reside at Yass; I have made a post mortem examination of the deceased (Jeremiah Crossley); immediately in front of the right ear I found a large irregular wound, communicating with the interior of the skull; the edges of the wound were blackened, and smelt strongly of burnt gunpowder; on opening the skull, I found the bones on the right side of the head extremely fractured; the interior portion of the brain is severely lacerated; on the left side of the brain I found a large quantity of small sized shot; it appears to be No. 4 shot; I produce some of the shot found in the brain; there were no other marks of violence about the body; I am of opinion that the cause of death was injury to the brain, caused by a gunshot wound; the wound could have been inflicted by deceased, who could have placed the muzzle of the gun produced to his head, and fired it by touching the trigger with his foot; he could not have pulled the trigger with his hand; a shot fired from the gun produced would cause such a wound as I have described.

The jury found the following verdict that the deceased Jeremiah Crossley of Wargeila died on the first day of August 1884 from the effects of a gunshot wound inflicted by himself on the same day 
Crossley, Jeremiah (I20)
 
45

CORONER'S INQUEST.

An inquest was held on Wednesday at the Commercial Hotel on Wednesday on the body of Thomas Milham, alias Sheather.

James Harding deposed : I am a farmer, residing at Oura; have seen the body of deceased, and identify as that of a man I always knew as " Tom," and whom I have often seen; last saw him alive on Sunday morning, 19th inst. ; on Saturday night, the 18th, about 9 o'clock, I was on horseback on my way home from Wagga, and on passing M'Mullen's publichouse in North Wagga deceased came out on horseback and joined me ; he was not sober; we rode together towards Oura ; we went on quietly for about two miles, abreast of each other, when deceased's horse appeared to plunge suddenly forward, as though he had been struck with the spur; deceased fell off instantly, and the horse ran away; the man did not get up, and I said, "Are you all right ?" he replied, " Yes ;" then went after the horse, which I caught and brought back in about twenty minutes; when I returned deceased lay on his belly moaning; I said "Are you hurt, Tom ?" he made no answer, and only moaned ; then rode as fast as I could to Mr. Robert M'Intyre's, and told him what had happened ; three men returned with me to where deceased lay to see if we could get him to Mr. M'Intyre's place, but we could not get him up ; as deceased was not sober we thought if we let him lie and have a sleep he would be all right; then went home and left the other men with him ; the next morning (Sunday) I was passing the spot with my wife and saw deceased lying where I had left him the night before; saw he was moving; he raised his head and lifted his feet, and I thought he was all right; never saw him alive afterwards; deceased and I had nothing at all to drink together ; he always appeared to be a strong, healthy, able-bodied man.

Robert Somerville deposed : I am a farming man, in the employ of Mr. Robert M'Intyre ; have seen the body, the subject of this inquest, and identify it as that of a man I always knew as Tom Sheather; remember the night of Saturday, the 18th instant; then saw the last witness ; he came to Mr. M'Intyre's brother's place, where I was, and was riding very fast; he said, " Old Tom has fallen off his horse, and I doubt if he is not almost killed," and asked me to go down and see him; this was about 9 o'clock ; went with two others and Harding himself to the spot where diseased was lying; he was lying almost on the track, on his side, with his back against a tree ; he was not moaning, but he commenced to do so when we strove to raise him up ; he seemed to be in a sleep and was snoring; we thought him drunk, and that he would be all right after he had had a sleep, and we left him ; we were with him about an hour ; at daybreak I went to where deceased lay, and took a billy of water with me; found him lying a few feet from where I left him the night before; spoke to him and asked him if he was fit to come home, and tried to rouse him and get him up, but all he would say was "Let me be," and he did not make any attempt to rise; observed a little skin off tho top of his head put my hand on it and said, "Is that sore, Tom ?" deceased said " No;" then felt the back of his head, and he immediately cried out, "Oh, Somerville, don't do that ;" when I found I could not raise deceased, I went home and told Mr. M'Intyre ; he told me to catch a horse, put him into a waggonette, and go for deceased ; I did so ; when I got within about eighty rods of the deceased I saw him getting to his feet ; he walked about seven or eight steps towards me and then lay down against another tree ; when I got to him he was on his mouth and nose again; tried to raise him and said "I have the horse and waggonette for you ;" after a little he attempted to scramble up, and with my assistance got upright ; he then leant his head against a tree, and said " God have mercy on me" two or three times; then he lay down again and I could not rouse him any more; got help from a traveller, and put deceased into the vehicle; took him to Mr. M'Intyre's, and two of us carried him in and laid him on his bed; he only snored, and did not appear to rouse himself; on Monday, at noon, Mr. M'Intyre gave me a note to the police at Wagga; I did not know tbe contents of it, but Mr. M'Intyre told me it was for the police to come and take deceased away; gave the note to a constable who gave it to the sergeant; the sergeant wrote a reply and gave it to me ; he said, " I have no horse or convenience to send for the man, but if Mr. M'Intyre will send him in I will get him into the hospital"; as soon as I got back I gave the note to Mr. R, M'Intyre's brother to deliver to him; on Tuesday morning, by Mr. M'lntyre's directions, I took deceased in the waggonnette to the hospital, and delivered him to the wardsman ; It was after night on Monday before I got back to Mr. M'Intyre's and gave the sergeant's note to his brother ; it was between 10 and 11 o'clock in the forenoon on Tuesday when I got to the hospital with deceased. To my knowledge deceased had never spoken from Sunday, just before we placed him in tho waggonette; of my own knowledge I do not know the deceased was in the habit of drinking to excess; he was living when I got him to the hospital, but never appeared to recognise me from the time I put my hand to the back of his head on Sunday.

Robert Mclntyre deposed: I am a farmer and grazier, residing at Glenfiield, in the Wagga district; have seen the body, the subject of this inquiry, and recognise it as that of Thomas Milham, alias Sheathar, who has been frequently working for me at intervals during tho past twelve years; he was not generally intemperate ; he left my house on Saturday morning, the 18th instant, after having been settled with ; the witness Harding came to me just as I was going to bed, to say that old Tom had met with an accident; he said, " old Tom hos been thrown from his horse and very much hurt, or half killed," or words to that effect; sent him at once for help to my brother's, which is only about 300 or 400 yards from my own residence; early on Sunday morning was told by the witness Somerville that deceased appeared still very unwell: he was breathing heavily, and was not able to stand up ; then sent a wagonotte for him, and deceased was brought to my house about 9 or 10 o'clock ; he was placed on his own bed; we repeatedly tried to get tea down his throat, but could not; he appeared helpless, and always remained in one position unless moved by us ; in this state he remained all Sunday and Monday; on Monday I began to fear deceased was in danger, and in the afternoon sent Somerville with a note to the police to have deceased removed, stating my belief that he required more attention than I could give him ; Sergeant Vizzard replied that he had no means of removing deceased into town, and if he had, he had no power to remove him from my residence ; also, that if I would send him in he would have him placed in the lockup for protection; on Tuesday morning, as soon as we could possibly get deceased started, I sent him to the care of the police, as directod by Sergeant Vizzard; he was alive then, but I never saw him so afterwards; settled with deceased a week before his death, and have no money of his in my hands ; should say deceased was about fifty-two years of age ; did not notice him vomit; for some time back he appeared to have very little appetite.

Morgan O'Connor deposed : I am a legally qualified medical practitioner, residing in Wagga ; have made a postmortem examination of the body the subject of this enquiry ; on the 21st inst., about 11 o'clock a.m., was called to see the deceased in the hospital ; he was placed in the ward, and was dying ; as I found the bladder greatly distressed, I relieved that organ of the urine, and injected, by the rectum, stimulants to raise him ; they had no effect, and the man died about half- past 1 o'clock ; this morning, by direction, I made a post-mortem examination of the body ; externally there were no marks of violence, except a contusion on tho top of the head ; cut down under this; there was no fracture of thoe skull; on raising the skull cap I found extensive extravasation of blood over all the substance of the brain ; the vertebrae of the neck was sound; the liver was much diseased ; the stomach and bowels were tho roughly empty; the cause of death was extravastion of blood on the brain; have heard the evidence, and consider that a fall from a horse, such as has been described by one of the witnesses, would be likely to produce the effects I saw and have deposed to ; it would be impossible to say that had early attention been paid to deceased his life might have been saved, but drunkenness greatly aggravates effects in such cases.

The Jury returned a verdict to the effect that Thomas Milham, alias Sheather, died at the Wagga Wagga Hospital on the 21st January from the effects of a fall from his horse on the night of the I8th inst., which resulted in extravasation of blood upon the brain.
 
Milham, Thomas William (I21067)
 
46

COTTAGE HOSPITAL, BOWRAL.
WEDNESDAY 7th JULY 1897
Mr. Alt, the stationmaster at Hilltop who met with an accident, causing both legs to be amputated at the hospital, is progressing favourably and hopes of his recovery are entertained
 
Alt, James (I46)
 
47

Country music lover Noel Francis Wales of Chisholm St, Goulbum has died at Goulburn Base Hospital, aged 65.

Born on December 27, 1926, Mr Wales was educated at Cootamundra Sacred Heart Primary School and De La Salle High School before spending 46 years with the State Rail Authority.

He ended up as a Senior State Guard for the SRA and spent 40 years in Goulburn. He also resided at Cootamundra, Yass and Hornsby.

Mr Wales came from a very strong family background and being a country music lover he would travel anywhere there was a concert, especially if Slim Dusty was appearing.

He was a member of the Australian Railways Union and Labor Party and was always eager to do voluntary work for the Worker's Club and Railway Christmas Picnics.

Mr Wales was a Director of the Goulburn Worker's Club, President of the Kenmore Rugby League Club and a voluntary worker for St Vincent De Paul.

He retired at 63 and unfortunately contracted a rare blood disease. He fought bravely against all odds and died on November 1.

He was predeceased by his mother and father, his sister Dolly and his brothers Vince, Tom and John.

He is survived by his wife Betty of Goulburn, Paul (son) Gosford, Donna (daughter) Sydney, LeeAnne (daughter) Goulburn, Anthony (son) Gosford, Lisa (daughter) Terrigal, Louise (daughter) Forresters Beach, Trix (sister) Fairfield and Bill (brother) Greenacre.

The funeral was conducted by Fr Paul Tarpey at Ss Peters and Paul's Cathedral with interment at Norwood Crematorium, Canberra on November 4.

Betty Wales and family would like to thank all their relations, friends and neighbours for the floral tributes, messages of sympathy and help.

Special thanks to Dr Renton and nursing staff at Goulburn Base, the Palliative Care ladies for their love and caring support and John Crooks 
Wales, Noel Francis (I12390)
 
48

CROOKWELL FUNERAL
Mrs Churchill, the widow of the late Isaac Churchill of Gullen, who died at Gullen on the 10th inst, was buried at the chapel there on the following Tuesday and her body was followed to the grave by about 200 people from all parts of the district. The weather was most wretched - about the worst day we have experienced this winter - and that such a large number attended shows the respect in which the deceased was held. Had the weather been fine, fully double the number, I am sure, would have been present. The late Mrs Churchill was greatly esteemed throughout the district in which she was long resident, and a large number of her neighbours can testify to her usefulness when amongst them, to her untiring assiduity and kindness in attending the sick, etc. She closed a long life of 65 years, having reared a large family, by whom and all that knew her, her loss will be deeply regretted. d. 10.8.1879.
 
Hann, Harriet (I32172)
 
49

CRUMBS

Mr. Les. Aspland, of Brawlin, reports getting an eagle hawk bigger than the one displayed in our window for a few days. Nine feet from tip to tip! It was a dead bird- had picked up some poison. Anything to beat this one?
 
Aspland, Leslie James (I75)
 
50

Death at Gunning.
Our correspondent writes :- Mrs. Bean, relict of the late Mr. Joseph Bean, of Frankfield, died at the residence of her daughter-in-law, Mrs. A. Rodram, on Friday, about noon, in her 83rd year. She survived her husband by about 10 years. The cause of death was general decay. She leaves behind her two sons, Joseph and Charles, and a daughter, Mrs. J. Waye, of the Yass and Collector Inn. She was a sister-in-law of Mrs. J. Collet, of Goulburn. Mrs. Bean and her husband came to the district over 50 years ago. They kept an hotel at Frank field for some time, and later on built in Gunning what is now known as the Frankfield Hotel. Since the death of her husband she had never been con tent at home and had lived with her daughter-in- law for the past five years. She died quietly and peacefully.
 
McConville, Sarah (I888)
 

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